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Migraine without Aura

Common Migraine


Presentation

  • Unilaterality with side shift of pain was present in 75% in the common migraine group; in 34% of the patients, a combined pattern, i.e. bilateral headache unilaterality with sideshift was present.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fatigue
  • Muscle ischemia, muscle "fatigue", and strain on muscle insertions are thus unlikely to cause attacks of common migraine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] and drink: Alcohol, MSG, aged cheese, nitrites, skipped meals Hormones: Menstruation, menopause, hormone replacement therapy, birth control pills Sleep: Irregular sleep patterns, excessive or too little sleep, sleep disorders Odds and ends: Stress, fatigue[dummies.com]
  • Sounds, Sights, and Smells (in that order) Fatigue – Lack of sleep exacerbates any pain condition.[uppercervicalawareness.com]
  • Muscle stiffness, especially in the neck Fatigue Increased frequency of urination Yawning Sensitivity to light Sensitivity to sound The Aura Phase The symptoms and effects of aura vary widely.[achenet.org]
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • According to researchers and physicians studying the adverse effects of aspartame, the following chronic illnesses can be triggered or worsened by ingesting of aspartame: Brain tumors, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, chronic fatigue syndrome, Parkinson's[migrainesavvy.com]
Arm Pain
Rhinitis
Nausea
  • Following treatment the activity of the temporal and sternocleidomastoid muscles decreased in 5 patients at the same time as the pain and nausea to the level of the controls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] com·mon mi·graine a form of migraine headache without the visual prodrome, which is not limited on one side of the head but nevertheless is recognizable as migraine because of the stereotyped course; the tendency to nausea, photophobia, and phonophobia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Malocclusion
  • Malocclusion and loss of molars were rare in both groups. Impaired denture function and joint disturbances were more frequent in the headache patients but not significantly so.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Scintillating Scotoma
  • Phosphenes which are the sparks and flashes, and scotoma, which is an area of blurred vision that may or may not have a flickering light in its margin (scintillating scotoma), are the technical terms used when describing a visual aura.[verywellhealth.com]
Muscle Tenderness
  • Pericranial muscle tenderness was unaffected by the experimental procedure. There was no significant correlation between headache intensity and pericranial muscle tenderness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hyperacusis
  • Migraine Associated Vertigo (MAV) or Vestibular Migraine; Mnire’s Disease; Neurotoxic Vestibulopathy; Tinnitus; Vestibular Hyperacusis; Vision & Hearing If the symptoms are strong exercising may worsen the pain.[emergingindustries.eu]
Withdrawn
  • Tolerance was good in 43 cases, while transient digestive disorders (nausea and vomiting) occurred in 6; in 2 cases the treatment had to be withdrawn for allergic erythema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Facial Pain
  • 2018 (effective 10/1/2017) : No change 2019 (effective 10/1/2018) : No change Diagnosis Index entries containing back-references to G43.909 : Headache R51 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code R51 Headache 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code Applicable To Facial[icd10data.com]
  • Classification and diagnostic criteria for headache disorders, cranial neuralgias, and facial pain. Cephalalgia 1988 ; 8 (suppl 7). Steiner TJ, MacGregor EA, Davies PTG.[jnnp.bmj.com]
Headache
  • Abstract Common migraine and cervicogenic headache have many traits in common, so many that they may be mixed up. Both are unilateral headaches with a female preponderance. However, as for a number of variables, they differ.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Stroke
  • (Presentation title: Migraine headache and the risk of ischemic stroke, a systemic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.)[m.hopkinsmedicine.org]
  • Stroke. 1988 Sep;19(9):1108-11. Author information 1 Department of Neurology, University Hospitals and Clinics, Bonn, Federal Republic of Germany.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. . Updated June 27, 2018. Accessed July 11, 2018. 2. Migraine. Mayo Clinic. . Updated May 31, 2018. Accessed July 11, 2018. 3. Starling A, Nicholson R. Identifying & treating migraine.[zomig.com]
  • Ophthalmology, Vol 104, 1714-1719 Copyright 1997 Migraine and Stroke The complex relationship between migraine and stroke has been studied intensively.[headacheaustralia.org.au]
Irritability
  • The most likely to answer to-date is that a serious of small irritations or reactions pile up until, finally, a migraine headache is triggered.[streetdirectory.com]
  • These symptoms can include: Hyperactivity Constipation or diarrhea Depression Food Cravings Irritability Neck stiffness Aura Stage Many people who get migraines regularly never actually experience the aura stage.[availclinical.com]
  • I get a throbbing pain and even the slightest sound then starts to irritate me," says Risa Monica, describing her migraine. The lecturer at a Bengaluru college struggles through at least five such attacks every month.[thenewsminute.com]
  • Sometimes, anti-convlusants can cause depression, irritability, mental fogginess or mood swings that become difficult to live with or can affect daily interactions with others.[blog.themigrainereliefcenter.com]
Motor Symptoms
  • If motor symptoms, such as weakness in a limb, are present and reversible, than the headache is classified as a hemiplegic migraine.[verywellhealth.com]

Workup

Candida
  • In particular, phagocytosis and killing of Candida albicans by polymorphs (PMNs) and monocytes were analyzed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • The clinical efficacy of BFB treatment for tension headache and common migraine was confirmed. The basal values of the plasma stress indices were significantly different between the two groups, but did not change during treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • In our estimation, cervicogenic headache and common migraine are two distinct disorders, with their own clinical patterns, pathogenesis, treatment - and, in all probability, also prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • After the headaches are under control, the prognosis is very good. Patience is key. As noted previously, it may take several attempts before an effective treatment plan is found. No one treatment or drug is effective for every person.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • What is the prognosis for a person with migraines? Is there a cure? Most people who have migraines find that their headaches may be controlled with the preventive medications and lifestyle changes.[medicinenet.com]

Etiology

  • […] and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10data.com]

Epidemiology

  • Information is presented on the epidemiology and diagnostic criteria of migraine headaches and is followed by a discussion on the problems inherent in the current classification system.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Konstanze Fendrich & Wolfgang Hoffmann Institute for Community Medicine, Section Clinical Epidemiological Research, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University, Greifswald, Germany.[nature.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Its pathophysiology is incompletely understood, and its genetic influences at the population level are unknown.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • “The hope of scientists, caregivers, and families with epilepsy is that genetics will offer a novel and wider understanding of the causes and the pathophysiology of epilepsy,” study co-author Melodie R.[neurologyadvisor.com]

Prevention

  • Thus, a thorough knowledge base of the safety and recommended use of common acute and preventive migraine drugs during breast-feeding is vital to clinicians treating migraine sufferers.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Cefaly Migraine Remedies: A prevention routine includes a daily session of 20 minutes using Program 2 for 2-3 months. This can then be reduced to 2-3 sessions a week. In clinical studies, Program 2 (prevention) was used on a daily basis.[cefaly.com.au]
  • In addition to diet, natural therapies are often effective in preventing migraine headaches.[naturopathic.org]

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