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Mycobacterium xenopi Infection


Presentation

  • A case of recurrent Mycobacterium xenopi infection presenting as Pott's disease in a patient receiving etanercept for severe rheumatoid arthritis is described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • OBJECTIVES To present a case report of a vertebral osteomyelitis caused by M. xenopi and to review the world literature on the subject.[semanticscholar.org]
Food Poisoning
  • Meningitis aseptic viral Meningitis bacterial Microsporidiosis Moniliformis and Macracanthorhynchus Monkeypox Mumps Mycetoma Mycobacteriosis M marinum Anisakiasis Anthrax Ascariasis Aspergillosis Bacillary angiomatosis Bacillus cereus food poisoning Bacterial[books.google.com]
Cutaneous Larva Migrans
  • larva migrans Cyclosporiasis Cysticercosis Cytomegalovirus infection Dengue Dermatophytosis Dicrocoeliasis Dientamoeba fragilis infection Diphtheria Diphyllobothriasis Dipylidiasis Dirofilariasis Dracunculiasis Echinococcosis unilocular Endocarditis[books.google.com]

Workup

Gram-Positive Coccus
  • Portmore, AC Mycobacterium xenopi pulmonary infection in an HIV infected patient under highly active antiretroviral treatment Bachmeyer, C; Blum, L; Stelianides, S; Benchaa, B; Gruat, N; Danne, O Catheter-associated infection with a vancomycin-resistant gram-positive[deepdyve.com]
  • Sex Transm Inf 78: 60–61 CrossRef Google Scholar Hardy S, Ruoff KL, Gatlin EA, Ignacio Santos J (1988) Catheter-associated infection with a vancomycin-resistant gram-positive coccus of the Leuconostoc spp.[link.springer.com]
Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • Enterococci Facklam, R; Elliott, JA Clinical laboratory challenges in the recognition of Leuconostoc spp Isenberg, HD; Vellozzi, EM; Shapiro, J; Rubin, LG Species differentiation of human vaginal lactobacilli Rogosa, M; Sharpe, ME Vancomycin-resistant gram-positive[deepdyve.com]
  • J Gen Microbiol 23: 197–201 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Ruoff KL, Kuritzkes DR, Wolfson JS, Ferraro MJ (1988) Vancomycin-resistant gram-positive bacteria isolated from human source.[link.springer.com]

Treatment

  • After removal of the intravascular catheter the patient's condition improved without additional antibiotic treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prospects: To establish new treatment recommendations for M.xenopi pulmonary infection, based on microbiological and clinical efficacy criteria and tolerance criteria.[clinicaltrials.gov]

Prognosis

  • Patients with both Mycobacterium xenopi infection and aspergilloma appear to have a poor prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Patients with both Mycobacterium xenopi infection and aspergilloma appear to have a poor prognosis. Aspergillus Website Newsletters[aspergillus.org.uk]
  • Clinical observations, with special reference to factors influencing prognosis, Rev. Infect.[books.google.com]
  • Treatment and prognosis Detailed guidelines on the management approach are available 12.[radiopaedia.org]
  • Clarithromycin-containing regimens did not improve the prognosis. In contrast to recent guidelines, this study showed three different types of the disease (cavitary, nodular or diffuse infiltrate forms) with a different prognosis.[researchgate.net]

Etiology

  • Each part surveys individual infections caused not only by well-known etiologic agents, but also by new and emerging species often taxonomically closely related to a major disea- producing microorganism and until recently not considered to be human pathogens[books.google.com]
  • The therapy is based on the hypothesis that M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) or other bacteria play a role in the etiology of CD.[karger.com]
  • Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare is the most common etiology of systemic disease in humans. Other types of mycobacteria are discussed in different Medscape Drugs and Diseases articles (eg, Mycobacterium Fortuitum , Mycobacterium gordonae ).[emedicine.medscape.com]

Epidemiology

  • Furthermore, its epidemiological data is still unknown in our country. The aim of this report is to analyze the frequency within Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection and to compare their clinical features with those of European countries.[erj.ersjournals.com]
  • […] of vancomycin resistant gram positive infection Espinoza, R; Kusne, S; Pasculle, AW; Wada, S; Fung, J; Rakela, J Pulmonary infection due to Leuconostoc species in a patient with AIDS Ferrer, S; de Miguel, G; Domingo, P; Pericas, R; Prats, G Changing epidemiology[deepdyve.com]
  • Clin Inf Dis 21: 225–226 CrossRef Google Scholar Zinner SH (1999) Changing epidemiology of infections in patients with neutropenia and cancer: emphasis on gram-positive and resistant bacteria.[link.springer.com]
  • Epidemiology Frequency United States Surveillance data for M xenopi infection are not available because such infection is not a reportable disease.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Mycobacterium peregrinum can result in skin infections. [2] Pathophysiology Infections with atypical mycobacteria usually occur in immunocompromised hosts due to host immunity and resistance factors.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • Preventing tap water burns. Am J Public Health 1980 ; 70 : 727 – 729. 23. Katcher, ML. Scald bums from hot tap water. JAMA 1981 ; 46 : 1219 – 1222.[cambridge.org]
  • Seite 290 - Antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of bacterial infections in cirrhotic patients with gastrointestinal bleeding: A meta-analysis. Hepatology 1999; 29: 1655-61 6. ‎[books.google.de]
  • M. massiliense has partial erm(41) gene deletion that prevents inducible gene deletion so the bacterium is likely to respond well to macrolide therapy.[prescriber.co.uk]
  • This randomized, double-blind trial shows that the prevention of M. avium complex infection can prolong survival in patients with AIDS.[nejm.org]
  • To learn more or modify/prevent the use of cookies, see our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy . In Japan, pulmonary Mycobacterium xenopi infection is rare, and only 8 resected cases have been reported.[researchgate.net]

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