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Myopia 16


Presentation

  • Results A 33-year-old female patient, from Salvador (BA)–Brazil, arrived at the Ophthalmology center of the São Rafael Hospital presenting visual impairment in 2011.[medical-clinical-reviews.imedpub.com]
  • However, some short-sighted eyes present an identical to that of normalsighted eyes axial length, see sometimes lower![gatinel.com]
  • In the present material, about half of the cases were stable (within range 0.5 D) in adulthood after age 20–24, but in 45% of the cases, myopic progression continued.[onlinelibrary.wiley.com]
  • These findings, together with the higher rate of low vision and blindness occurrence in eyes with myopic maculopathy observed in the present study, suggested that CCDC102B likely determines the fate of highly myopic eyes.[nature.com]
  • Results are presented as mean SD. Student’s t -tests were done for analysis of cycloplegic refraction and axial length measurements of both groups at the start of the study (baseline) and every 6 months for 2 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hunting
  • Myopia Hunt Club H.C. Leeds (1898) / Gil Hanse (2013) Few realize Myopia Hunt Club, a funky, quirky lark where greens look like bathmats and bunkers look like bathtubs, hosted four U.S.[golfdigest.com]
Pertussis
  • Improved performance in program delivery to this group is required, especially given the addition of zoster vaccine at 70 years of age from November 2016, and perhaps 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine at 65 years and pertussis vaccine for pregnant[mja.com.au]
Night Blindness
Headache
  • Symptoms Nearsightedness symptoms may include: Blurry vision when looking at distant objects The need to squint or partially close the eyelids to see clearly Headaches caused by eyestrain Difficulty seeing while driving a vehicle, especially at night[mayoclinic.org]
  • You may also notice: Headaches Squint Eye strain Eye fatigue when you try to see objects more than a few feet away Children with myopia often have trouble reading the blackboard at school.[webmd.com]
  • Signs that your child may be short-sighted can include: needing to sit near the front of the class at school because they find it difficult to read the whiteboard sitting close to the TV complaining of headaches or tired eyes regularly rubbing their eyes[nhs.uk]
Neglect
  • The reasons for the neglect of adult immunisation are multifactorial and are not limited to Australia.[mja.com.au]

Treatment

  • Treatments for short-sightedness Short-sightedness can usually be corrected effectively with a number of treatments.[nhs.uk]
  • However, at the end of the treatment the cornea is left without its epithelium, which must regenerate. This can lead to post-operative discomfort for the first few days.[institutmacula.com]
  • He said related departments must come up with effective and comprehensive solutions targeting prevention and treatment, and must also deepen educational reforms. Local authorities and different government departments should ensure implementation.[chinadaily.com.cn]
  • They called their study ATOM (Atropine in the Treatment of Myopia).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Final Considerations Based on published data, we cannot determine whether prophylactic treatment is indicated.[reviewofophthalmology.com]

Prognosis

  • Combined with our longitudinal study results on visual prognosis in highly myopic eyes, 6.0% (0.378   0.16) of eyes will suffer from blindness, and 19.7% (0.378   0.52) will suffer from low vision within 10 years.[nature.com]

Etiology

Epidemiology

  • GDS works in the MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit at the University of Bristol (MC_UU_12013/1, MC_UU_12013/8, MC_UU_12013/9).[bmj.com]
  • European Eye Epidemiology (E(3)) Consortium Increasing prevalence of myopia in Europe and the impact of education. Ophthalmology. 2015; 122 (7):1489–1497. [ PMC free article ] [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 2. Shukrallah A.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Keywords: children, epidemiology, exercise, refractive error, myopia, pediatrics, prevalence, public health Introduction Myopia is the most common ophthalmic condition in the world with an estimated 22.9% of the world population, or 1.406 billion people[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

Prevention

  • Every now and then, he came across a paper suggesting that dopamine could slow eye elongation and prevent myopia. This led to the discovery of a fascinating story.[biology.anu.edu.au]
  • A medical expert from a hospital in Lianyungang, Jiangsu province, briefs kindergartners on how to protect eyesight and prevent myopia during a health campaign in June.[chinadaily.com.cn]
  • In the United States, where vaccination coverage in adults is also suboptimal, an estimated 70 000 adults die from vaccine-preventable diseases each year. 20 Lack of provider confidence in adult vaccines, value judgements on prevention in older people[mja.com.au]
  • […] develop; subsequent application of the preventive method to other ethnicities would then be indicated.[nature.com]

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