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Myxoid Transformation of the Mitral Valve

Mucoid Thickening Mitral Valve


Presentation

  • Presents comprehensive coverage of valvular heart disease to provide you with a complete reference and one-stop shop for this specialty in cardiac medicine.[books.google.com]
  • This patient presented with chest pain and embolization, two fairly common modes of presentation. Other presentations include cardiac arrythmias, dyspnea, mitral stenosis and constitutional symptoms such as fever.[uscapknowledgehub.org]
  • Clinical presentation The clinical presentation of SACD is usually with loss of vibration and proprioception in the hands...[radiopaedia.org]
  • Aortic regurgitation is usually present in this abnormality [ 1, 2, 12 ].[karger.com]
Fever
  • The small verrucous vegetations seen along the closure line of this mitral valve are associated with acute rheumatic fever 沿著二尖瓣的閉鎖緣可見一些小的疣狀贅生物,它們與急性風濕熱相關。[dict.site]
  • Rheumatic fever, since the advent of routine penicillin administration for Strep throat, has become less common in developed countries.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Causes and/or risk factors Many pathologies may cause both mitral stenosis and regurgitation to varying degrees: Rheumatic valve disease : secondary to rheumatic fever, which is generally contracted in childhood and can lead to valve problems 20 to 40[icm-mhi.org]
  • Acute rheumatic fever. Cardiovasc Clin. 1993;23:3-23.[textbookofcardiology.org]
  • […] underlying etiology is most likely rheumatic fever.[karger.com]
Pathologist
  • The book is geared to pathology residents and practicing surgical pathologists and focuses on illustrated practical diagnosis, including differential diagnosis.[books.google.com]
  • […] examined by a pathologist, a myxoid background is observed.[dovemed.com]
  • SNOMED CT (R) was originally created by The College of American Pathologists. "SNOMED" and "SNOMED CT" are registered trademarks of the IHTSDO."[doctor.am]
  • Cardiac valves and the surgical pathologists. Arch Pathol 1966; 82 :309–13. PubMed Google Scholar Copyright information Indian Association of Cardiovascular-Thoracic Surgeons 1992 Authors and Affiliations V. Malhotra 1 2 M. Tatke 1 2 R.[link.springer.com]
  • However, diagnosis usually requires examination of a tissue sample by a pathologist.[en.wikipedia.org]
Swelling
  • Mucoid swelling      Mucoid swelling is superficial reversible disorganization of the connective tissue.[slideshare.net]
  • […] to a build up of tissue in the valve flaps A mitral valve lesion following an infarct A dilatation of the mitral valve opening associated with dilated cardiomyopathy Symptoms Shortness of breath upon exertion or when lying down Fatigue Palpitations Swelling[icm-mhi.org]
  • Some persons may experience difficulty breathing, ankle swelling and fluid in the lungs. Other symptoms may include anxiety, headaches, morning tiredness and constantly cold hands and feet. Death from this condition is rare.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Surgical Procedure
  • Presents detailed illustrations and images in full color to better showcase valve anatomy and dysfunction, as well as important techniques and surgical procedures.[books.google.com]
  • But, such therapy results are stated to be variable Embolization (clotting the vessels in the tumor) may be used to provide temporary relief from the symptoms and reduce blood loss during a surgical procedure Heart transplantation may be undertaken in[dovemed.com]
Collapse
  • Most patients with primary MVP areymptomatic and do not require treatment; rarely,vere complications such as a sudden death2,3 mayis well retained because the entrances of the needletracts tend to collapse.[docslide.com.br]
  • In cases of death from acute massive hemorrhage, the most significant postmorten changes are gross rather then microscopic and consists in generalized pallor of tissue, collapse of the great veins, and a flabby, shrunken, gray spleen.[slideshare.net]
Regurgitation
  • Features new chapters—Genetic, molecular and cellular mechanisms of valvular disease; Bicuspid aortic valve disease; and Ischemic mitral regurgitation—for the latest in cutting-edge research and clinical data.[books.google.com]
  • Description Also known as mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation or failure Heart valve diseases are grouped according to the diseased valve, the type of problem (stenosis or regurgitation) and the severity of the problem.[icm-mhi.org]
  • In certain cases, however, an acute process may result in clinically abrupt expression of regurgitation. The pathophysiology and clinical presentation in acute valve regurgitation is different from that of chronic regurgitation.[karger.com]
  • […] the specific degenerative process that results in the mitral regurgitation has generally been less emphasized.[studyres.com]
  • All had severe eccentric mitral regurgitation (MR). (One had severe aortic regurgitation (AR) also.)[en.wikipedia.org]
Heart Disease
  • Presents comprehensive coverage of valvular heart disease to provide you with a complete reference and one-stop shop for this specialty in cardiac medicine.[books.google.com]
  • Myxoid transformation of mitral valve (disorder) Synonym for Other nonrheumatic mitral valve disorders I00-I99 Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99) I30-I52 Other forms of heart disease (I30-I52) I34 Nonrheumatic mitral valve disorders Results[averbis.com]
  • Still, in developing countries, rheumatic heart disease remains the most common cause of valvular heart disease.[textbookofcardiology.org]
  • Keywords Aortic Valve Mitral Valve Rheumatic Heart Disease Cardiac Valve Lymphocytic Infiltrate These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors.[link.springer.com]
  • Roberts WC: A unique heart disease associated with a unique cancer: carcinoid heart disease. Am J Cardiol 1997;80:251-256. Reynen K: Cardiac myxomas. N Engl J Med 1995;333:1610-1617.[karger.com]
Heart Disease
  • Presents comprehensive coverage of valvular heart disease to provide you with a complete reference and one-stop shop for this specialty in cardiac medicine.[books.google.com]
  • Myxoid transformation of mitral valve (disorder) Synonym for Other nonrheumatic mitral valve disorders I00-I99 Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99) I30-I52 Other forms of heart disease (I30-I52) I34 Nonrheumatic mitral valve disorders Results[averbis.com]
  • Still, in developing countries, rheumatic heart disease remains the most common cause of valvular heart disease.[textbookofcardiology.org]
  • Keywords Aortic Valve Mitral Valve Rheumatic Heart Disease Cardiac Valve Lymphocytic Infiltrate These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors.[link.springer.com]
  • Roberts WC: A unique heart disease associated with a unique cancer: carcinoid heart disease. Am J Cardiol 1997;80:251-256. Reynen K: Cardiac myxomas. N Engl J Med 1995;333:1610-1617.[karger.com]
Mitral Valve Prolapse
  • Research of Myxoid Transformation Of Mitral Valve has been linked to Blepharoptosis, Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome, Myxoid Degeneration.[novusbio.com]
  • valve prolapse, as described above, the incidence of mitral valve prolapse in the general population varied greatly. [11] Some studies estimated the incidence of mitral valve prolapse at 5 to 15 percent or even higher. [20] One study suggested MVP in[en.wikipedia.org]
  • More discussions about mitral valve prolapse[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Mitral valve prolapse: a review of associated arrhythmias. Am J Med. 1977 Mar; 62 (3):377–389. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] Corrigall D, Bolen J, Hancock EW, Popp RL. Mitral valve prolapse and infective endocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • @article{Morales1992MyxoidHD, title {Myxoid heart disease: an assessment of extravalvular cardiac pathology in severe mitral valve prolapse.}, author {Azorides R. Morales and R R Romanelli and Robert Joseph Boucek and Larry G.[semanticscholar.org]
Mitral Valve Prolapse
  • Research of Myxoid Transformation Of Mitral Valve has been linked to Blepharoptosis, Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome, Myxoid Degeneration.[novusbio.com]
  • valve prolapse, as described above, the incidence of mitral valve prolapse in the general population varied greatly. [11] Some studies estimated the incidence of mitral valve prolapse at 5 to 15 percent or even higher. [20] One study suggested MVP in[en.wikipedia.org]
  • More discussions about mitral valve prolapse[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Mitral valve prolapse: a review of associated arrhythmias. Am J Med. 1977 Mar; 62 (3):377–389. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] Corrigall D, Bolen J, Hancock EW, Popp RL. Mitral valve prolapse and infective endocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • @article{Morales1992MyxoidHD, title {Myxoid heart disease: an assessment of extravalvular cardiac pathology in severe mitral valve prolapse.}, author {Azorides R. Morales and R R Romanelli and Robert Joseph Boucek and Larry G.[semanticscholar.org]
Systolic Murmur
  • All rights reserved. doi:10.1053/j.semtcvs.2007.04.002 Historical Perspective Although the syndrome of a midsystolic click and systolic murmur, now known as Barlow’s disease, was first described in 1887 by Cuffer and Barbillon,2 it was not until the 1960s[studyres.com]
  • A murmur that lasts throughout the whole of systole is known as a holo-systolic murmur.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • The prolapsed portion of the valve causes a clicking sound halfway through the ventricular contraction, which is followed by a systolic murmur as blood is regurgitated back through the mitral valve into the left atrium.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Chordae tendineae rupture complicating the systolic click-late systolic murmur syndrome. Am J Cardiol. 1974 May 6; 33 (5):681–684. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] Jeresaty RM. Mitral valve prolapse--Click syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • murmur (SM)収縮期雑音 t tachycardia 頻拍(脈) tachypnea呼吸頻数、頻呼吸 technetium (Tc)テクネシ(チ)ウム temporal resolution時間分解能 terminal portion終末部 tetralogy of Fallot (T/F, TOF) ファロー四徴[症] thallium (Tl)タリウム thoracic aorta 胸[部]大動脈 thoractomy開胸[術] thrill振戦 thromboangiitis obliterans[tokyo-med.ac.jp]
Cutis Laxa
  • laxa, andother heritable disorders of connective tissue.6 More-over, in a study of 24 patients hearts with severemyxoid transformation of the mitral valve, 18 ofwhom died suddenly, an increased accumulation ofproteoglycans was found in the conduction[docslide.com.br]
Blepharoptosis
  • Research of Myxoid Transformation Of Mitral Valve has been linked to Blepharoptosis, Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome, Myxoid Degeneration.[novusbio.com]
Ptosis
  • It is recommended that patients with mitral valve prolapse take antibiotics prior to dental procedures. prolapse [ pro laps ] 1. the falling down or downward displacement of a part or viscus; called also procidentia and ptosis. 2. to undergo such displacement[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

Treatment

  • In the third edition, Catherine Otto is joined by Robert Bonow and a team of expert contributors to bring you the latest developments in imaging and treatment.[books.google.com]
  • […] if he or she suspects mitral valve disease: Echocardiogram Resting electrocardiogram and exercise electrocardiogram Cardiac catheterization Treatment Depending on the severity of the disease as determined by the medical evaluation and diagnostic tests[icm-mhi.org]
  • […] terms Tværsektionelle emner (uge 36) THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH... 31 terms Pseudotumours 165 terms Pathology - Pathoma notes 15 terms Tumors in childhood 27 terms Pathology of the adrenals, Cushing syndrome and Cushing disease, Addisons clinics, treatment[quizlet.com]
  • Large-sized tumors may cause chest pain, lung congestion, blood in cough, and breathing difficulties The treatment of Myxoid Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Heart is undertaken through surgery.[dovemed.com]
  • Anyanwu, MD Despite the widely held consensus that valve repair is the preferred surgical treatment for patients suffering from degenerative mitral valve disease, valve replacement for this condition remains all too prevalent.[mitralvalverepair.org]

Prognosis

  • However, since it is difficult to remove the entire tumor, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy may be necessary The prognosis of Myxoid Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Heart is generally poor due to local invasion and metastasis of the malignancy[dovemed.com]
  • The presence of glandular differentiation does not generally alter the long-term prognosis, as most behave as typical cardiac myxomas.[uscapknowledgehub.org]
  • Prognosis MVP is usually not a serious condition. However, dangerous, untreated irregular heartbeats may rarely cause sudden death. These persons should be carefully monitored.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Prognosis [ edit ] Generally, MVP is benign.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • […] emission tomography (PET)ポジトロン放射計断層撮影[法] potential(1)潜在性 【形】 (2)電位 precordial pain前胸[部]痛 preload前負荷 premature beat期外収縮 premature ventricular contraction心室期外収縮 pressure overload圧負荷 prevalence有病率、頻度 primary一次、原発[性] 【形】 proarrhythmia催不整脈 procedure 手技、手順、処置方法 prognosis[tokyo-med.ac.jp]

Etiology

  • Each chapter includes eight to ten gross and microscopic photographs with legends highlighting the pathologic features of the disease, as well as succinct text covering etiology, clinical aspects, and differential diagnosis.[books.google.com]
  • Etiologic Classification of Degenerative Mitral Valve Disease: Barlow’s Disease and Fibroelastic Deficiency Ani C. Anyanwu, MD, and David H.[studyres.com]
  • Table 2 Mitral valve and aortic valve disease Table 3 Etiology of tricuspid and pulmonic valve disease Multivalvular Abnormalities and Current Common Etiologies We have presented many different etiologies of VHD.[karger.com]
  • Over the past 60 years, the etiology of most valvular heart diseases in industrialized countries shifted towards degenerative etiologies, mainly because of a decrease in acute rheumatic fever.[textbookofcardiology.org]
  • We address both issues in the context of a recent article published in the Journal, which explored the results of mitral valve repair in degenerative disease according to etiologic classification - Barlow's disease or fibroelastic deficiency.[mitralvalverepair.org]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology They usually occur in the fetal/infantile and pediatric...[radiopaedia.org]
  • , Hooman Bakhshandeh 2, *, Reza Kiani 3, Nader Givtaj 4 and Hamid Reza Pooraliakbr 5 1 Associate Professor of Pathology, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran 2 Associate Professor of Epidemiology[multicardia.com]
  • "Pectus Excavatum: Epidemiology". Medscape. Retrieved 14 April 2016. a b c d e f g h Playford, David; Weyman, Arthur (2001). "Mitral valve prolapse: time for a fresh look". Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine. 2 (2): 73–81.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Epidemiology Valvular heart diseases are a major burden to society and it is expected that the prevalence will increase. Rheumatic valve disease used to be the most prevalent etiology of valvular cardiac diseases worldwide.[textbookofcardiology.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • VHD Etiology The major pathophysiologic entities associated with VHD are shown in table 1.[karger.com]
  • "Pathophysiology of Aortic Valve Disease." Cardiac Surgery in the Adult. Ed. Cohn L.H. Third Edition ed. McGraw-Hill Education, 2012. 825-40.[textbookofcardiology.org]
  • Mitral regurgitation: clinical patterns. pathophysiology, natural history. Medicine 397251: 337-3-15. 24 Jereaaty RM. Edwards JE. Chawla SK. Mitral valve prolapse and ruptured chordae tendinar.[tiptiktak.com]

Prevention

  • Current medical research has not established a way of preventing the formation of Myxoid Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Heart Due to its metastasizing potential and recurrence rate, regular medical screening at periodic intervals with blood tests,[dovemed.com]
  • Prevention of infective endocarditis [ edit ] Individuals with MVP are at higher risk of bacterial infection of the heart, called infective endocarditis.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • KEYWORDS mitral valve repair, Barlow’s disease, fibroelastic deficiency D egenerative mitral valve disease refers to a spectrum of conditions in which morphologic changes in the connective tissue of the mitral valve cause structural lesions that prevent[studyres.com]
  • We studied the relationship between the results of echocardiography for outpatients suspected of MVP, and two frequent medical decisions: treatment with beta blockers and the recommendation of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent bacterial endocarditis [[wikigenes.org]
  • In atherosclerosis, statins may stabilize plaques and prevent rupture, while in aortic stenosis statins cannot prevent fibrosis and bone formation.[karger.com]

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