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Neurosurgical Procedure

Nervous System Operations


Presentation

  • A surrogate model for the daily use is present to underline the clinical needs.We have therefore developed, for the first time, a surrogate model that helps in daily practice to recognize and prevent TCR episodes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Four cases of intracerebral hemorrhage remote from the site of the initial neurosurgical procedure are presented. Two of the four patients had preoperative hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Over the last year we have encountered two such cases in whom emergency and prompt decompression of the adenoma resulted in an improvement of the initial clinical presentation but nevertheless persistence of residual and devastating ocular manifestations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Here, we present a case of newly diagnosed acquired hemophilia A (AHA) that manifested as a massive intracranial hemorrhage without unexplained bleeding history or abnormal hemostatic results.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The two volatile agents presented a similar emergence quality profile, however sevoflurane anaesthesia was associated with a faster recovery, offering the possibility of conducting earlier post-operative neurological assessment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Asymptomatic
  • Computed tomography (CT) revealed a massive intracranial hematoma in the damaged parenchyma, although the patient was asymptomatic.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Wound Infection
  • This included 19 with superficial wound infection (63.3%), 9 with bone flap osteitis (30%) and 2 with organ/space infection (6.7%). Most of SSIs were detected during in patient cases accounting for 20 cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Suggestibility
  • The key elements of this investigation are suggested for use in future investigations into potential cases of iatrogenic CJD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In this paper, we suggest that brain shift, unavoidably occurring during all neurosurgical procedures, might play a central role in the aetiology of postoperative remote intracerebral haemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The data suggest that intracranial endovascular treatment remains relatively rare, but it is growing exponentially, and lengths of stay are increasing, whereas inhospital deaths are decreasing.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient was normothermic throughout the procedure, normovolemia was maintained and there was no evidence suggestive of any venous air embolism. High endotracheal tube cuff pressure was also ruled out.[apicareonline.com]
Scalp Mass
  • The authors describe the case of an 18-month-old girl who, while undergoing a resection of a right retroauricular scalp mass, suffered partial thickness bums as a result of the ignition of surgical preparation solution following the use of monopolar electrocautery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • Elective outpatient (ambulatory) surgical procedures were subsequently excluded because outpatient procedures had a preoperative workup that did not incorporate the inpatient checklist.[aansneurosurgeon.org]
Prolonged QT Interval

Treatment

  • Ventriculoperitoneal shunting as a primary neurosurgical treatment in posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus would decrease surgical morbidity with good functional outcome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Clinical awareness of this rare but potential complication is essential to early diagnosis and treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Given the significant patient risk and legal ramifications of surgical fires, education regarding operating room fires and the potential for prevention and treatment is requisite.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • OBJECT: Halo orthosis placement is a common neurosurgical procedure for the treatment of cervical spine injuries.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] of cerebral vasospasm related to SAH, and treatment of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis.[ajnr.org]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis In general, post-operative patients will require only 12-24 hours of ICU-level monitoring and can then be discharged to the general floor.[clinicaladvisor.com]

Etiology

  • […] nervous system pathology, esophageal disorders, hypothermia, drugs, poisoning, electrical injury, anesthesia, surgery etc. 3-5 It is of grave importance to recognize that the changes in ECG are because of intracranial pathology rather than a cardiac etiology[apicareonline.com]
  • There were two cases of elevated partial thromboplastin time, one case of thrombocytopenia of unknown etiology occurring in 2012 and one case of anemia in 2013 accounting for the hematologic causes of cancellation.[aansneurosurgeon.org]

Epidemiology

  • The control group match was conducted on the basis of epidemiological and potential prognostic factors, such as age, gender, DC surface area and Glasgow Coma Score (GCS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Pathophysiology N/A Epidemiology It is estimated that up to half of all post-operative patients will experience a complication in their post-operative course. 10% of these complications are serious and incur significant morbidity and mortality.[clinicaladvisor.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology N/A Epidemiology It is estimated that up to half of all post-operative patients will experience a complication in their post-operative course. 10% of these complications are serious and incur significant morbidity and mortality.[clinicaladvisor.com]

Prevention

  • Given the significant patient risk and legal ramifications of surgical fires, education regarding operating room fires and the potential for prevention and treatment is requisite.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Preventable cases included cancellations that could have been discovered and prevented prior to surgery with the use of the preoperative checklist.[aansneurosurgeon.org]
  • Axillary roll is placed well away from axilla to prevent compression of axillary artery and brachial plexus. 26.[slideshare.net]
  • A surrogate model for the daily use is present to underline the clinical needs.We have therefore developed, for the first time, a surrogate model that helps in daily practice to recognize and prevent TCR episodes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The knowledge of risk factor for surgical site infection after craniotomy will allow the authority to implement specific preventive measures to reduce the infection rate.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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