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Neurotic Disorder

Disorders Neurotic

Neurosis is a functional mental disorder, arising from no apparent organic lesion. It is characterized by anxiety, depression, irritability, mental confusion and avoidance behavior.


Presentation

  • Depressive symptoms were closely associated with this presentation, suggesting that depression may be an important and integral part of a general, changing neurotic disorder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract The personality characteristics of 77 patients seen in general practice with a Catego diagnosis of anxiety state (including phobic state) or depressive neurosis derived from the Present State Examination were compared with those in 77 normal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The present article will present instruments which make it possible to do justice to both points of view. 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel Article / Publication Details First-Page Preview[karger.com]
  • The symptom is recognized as undesirable (i.e. insight is present). 3. The personality and behaviour are relatively persevered and not usually grossly disturbed. 4. The contact with reality is preserved. 5.[rxpgonline.com]
  • Dombeck, Mental Help Net and CenterSite, LLC make no warranties, express or implied, about the information presented in this column. Dr.[mentalhelp.net]
Nightmare
  • Related Psychology Terms NEUROSIS MOOD DISORDER MALE ERECTILE DISORDER MALE ORGASMIC DISORDER PSYCHIATRIC CLASSIFICATION MENTAL RETARDATION (MR) MOOD DISORDER DUE TO A GENERAL MEDICAL CONDI DSM-IV-TR NIGHTMARE DISORDER PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER[psychologydictionary.org]
  • Nightmares. Memory problems. Sexual impotence. How is Anxiety treated? Individual and group psychotherapy are used to bring the unconscious conflict into awareness and/or to develop coping skills.[nmihi.com]
  • The symptoms include nightmares, a diffuse anxiety, and guilt over having survived when others perished. Depersonalization disorder consists of the experiencing of the world or oneself as strange, altered, unreal, or mechanical in quality.[britannica.com]
  • Those affected have flashbacks about the situation in which they were helpless, nightmares, difficulty sleeping, and and find it impossible to put the situation behind them and get on with their lives.[users.ipfw.edu]
Tachycardia
  • Autonomic and Visceral Symptoms Palpitations, Tachycardia, Sweating, Flushes, Dyspnea, Hyperventilation, Dry Mouth, Frequency and hesitancy of micturition, Dizziness, Diarrhea, Mydriasis 2. Psychic Symptoms A.[rxpgonline.com]
  • Autonomic signs of panic anxiety (tachycardia, sweating, flushing) are commonly present. The symptoms usually appear within minutes of the impact of the stressful stimulus or event, and disappear within two to three days (often within hours).[apps.who.int]
Onychotillomania
  • Psychopathological characteristics of adjustment disorder among outpatients with and without work related stress. ( 29916595 ) Roma P....Ferracuti S. 2017 21 Nail-extracting behaviour as an unusual manifestation of adjustment disorder, confused with onychotillomania[malacards.org]
Delusion
  • […] as in mental illness Synonyms for neurotic disorder insanity mental disorder personality disorder schizophrenia craziness delusions depression derangement disturbed mind emotional disorder emotional instability loss of mind lunacy madness maladjustment[thesaurus.com]
  • They stand apart from other mental health conditions because they don’t usually have outward manifestations like hallucinations or delusions. This can make them harder to diagnose at first, and also easier for people to suffer unnoticed.[wisegeekhealth.com]
  • In paranoid schizophrenia the person has delusions that he or she is being persecuted by "others" (for example, neighbors, the government, being from outer space), often because the person is someone special such as "the messiah" (a delusion of grandiosity[biology.kenyon.edu]
  • ., encephalitis) 300.4 Neurotic depression A neurotic disorder characterized by disproportionate depression which has usually recognizably ensued on a distressing experience; it does not include among its features delusions or hallucinations, and there[centralx.com]
  • Synonyms: neurotic aboulic, abulic suffering from abulia; showing abnormal inability to act or make decisions compulsive caused by or suggestive of psychological compulsion delusional suffering from or characterized by delusions disturbed, maladjusted[vocabulary.com]
Depersonalization
  • .-) 300.6 Depersonalization syndrome A neurotic disorder with an unpleasant state of disturbed perception in which external objects or parts of one's own body are experienced as changed in their quality, unreal, remote or automatized.[centralx.com]
  • […] to ICD-10-CM 300.29 Other isolated or specific phobias convert 300.29 to ICD-10-CM 300.3 Obsessive-compulsive disorders convert 300.3 to ICD-10-CM 300.4 Dysthymic disorder convert 300.4 to ICD-10-CM 300.5 Neurasthenia convert 300.5 to ICD-10-CM 300.6 Depersonalization[icd9data.com]
  • […] psychological factors F45.41 Pain disorder exclusively related to psychological factors F45.42 Pain disorder with related psychological factors F45.8 Other somatoform disorders F45.9 Somatoform disorder, unspecified F48 Other nonpsychotic mental disorders F48.1 Depersonalization-derealization[icd10data.com]
  • Perceptual Symptoms Derealization, Depersonalization c. Affective Symptoms Diffuse, unpleasant, vague sense of apprehension, Fearfulness, Inability to relax, irritability, Feeling of impending doom or (When severe) d.[rxpgonline.com]
  • Depersonalization disorder consists of the experiencing of the world or oneself as strange, altered, unreal, or mechanical in quality. Treatment Psychiatrists and psychologists treat neuroses in a variety of ways.[britannica.com]
Compulsive Behavior
  • Compulsive behavior manifests itself in many ways. Where one obsessive compulsive person may have a gambling problem or drug addiction, another may constantly check to make sure she turned off the coffee pot or locked the door.[lifescript.com]
  • The obsessive compulsive syndrome and compulsive behaviors are the bases of anankastic neurosis. The last type is anxiety neurosis which covers all phobias.[sfnat.org.nz]
  • Patients who pick the skin may have other impulse-driven or compulsive behaviors such as nail-biting, alcohol dependence, trichotillomania, body dysmorphic disorder or an eating disorder.[clinicaladvisor.com]
  • However, you may notice some of the following: [3] [4] Persistent anxiety Persistent sadness or depression Anger, irritability when faced with stressful situations Low sense of self-worth Phobic avoidance of situations Compulsive behaviors Perfectionism[wikihow.com]
Dysphoric Mood
  • An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.[icd10data.com]
  • Depressive Disorder An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.[cmd.cochrane.org]
Self Mutilation
  • mutilation Clinical Information Class of mental disorders milder than psychosis, including hysteria, fugue, obsession, phobia, etc.[icd10data.com]
  • Self-mutilation The act of injuring one's own body to the extent of cutting off or permanently destroying a limb or other essential part of a body.[cmd.cochrane.org]
Sexual Dysfunction
  • Other somatic symptoms are sexual dysfunction, abnormal functioning of certain organs and partial paralysis. Common symptoms of nervous disorders are obsessions (mental and motor) and phobias (e.g. arachnophobia, agoraphobia, claustrophobia).[sfnat.org.nz]
  • A neurosis may also manifest as a sexual dysfunction, slipping into a trance state (dissociative disorder), a generalized anxiety disorder, or as irritability, mental and physical fatigue, sleep disturbances, and a general sense of instability (neurasthenia[nmihi.com]
  • .- ) hair-plucking ( F98.4 ) lalling ( F80.0 ) lisping ( F80.8 ) nail-biting ( F98.8 ) psychological or behavioural factors associated with disorders or diseases classified elsewhere ( F54 ) sexual dysfunction, not caused by organic disorder or disease[apps.who.int]

Treatment

  • Patients were randomly allocated to drug treatment, cognitive and behaviour therapy, or a self-help treatment programme.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: In previously published papers from the Nottingham Study of Neurotic Disorder a short treatment package of cognitive-behaviour therapy was no more effective than placebo drug treatment after 10 weeks' assessment in a cohort of 210 patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The initial DSM diagnosis and original treatment given, together with ten other variables, were of no predictive value.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It is suggested that greater attention be paid to the concurrent treatment of personality disorder and environmental factors rather than symptoms as these may be the real cause of apparent treatment resistance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment access was affected by employment status, marital status, and age, but the major determinant was symptom severity. Neither sex nor social class influenced which people received treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Analysis of the value of initial data in predicting outcome using polychotomous step-wise logistic regression revealed that five variables were significant predictors of poor prognosis: older age; recurrent episodes; the presence of personality disorder[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Poor prognosis: the person is unlikely to recover from the disorder. Causes of Schizophrenia The causes of schizophrenia are unknown.[users.ipfw.edu]
  • Though the prognosis of neurosis is good but the duration of the disease varies from person to person and from symptoms to symptoms. In most of the cases there is complete healing.[peoi.org]

Etiology

  • Dissociation, though understood as a response to trauma, lacks a proven etiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] behavior does not actively violate gross social norms although it may be quite disabling; the disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment and is not limited to a mild transitory reaction to stress; there is no demonstrable organic etiology[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • The diagnosis is usually established on 'Echo' (echocardiography) 1.5 - 2%/ with 3-4% Etiology Is not clearly known. There are many theories of which more than one may be correct. 1.[rxpgonline.com]
  • Etiology Pathophysiology Recognized psychosocial stress precedes picking in 30-90% of patients. Stress as a trigger is common in those who have anxiety, depression, impulse-control issues or one of the personality disorders.[clinicaladvisor.com]
  • Psychiatrists first used the term neurosis in the mid-19th century to categorize symptoms thought to be neurological in origin; the prefix “psycho-” was added some decades later when it became clear that mental and emotional factors were important in the etiology[britannica.com]

Epidemiology

  • Psychiatric Epidemiology: An International Symposium, Hare, E. H. Wing, J. K. (eds.) Oxford University Press, 1970. Google Scholar Goldberg, D. P., Cooper, B., Eastwood, M. R., Kedward, H.[link.springer.com]
  • Livingston Bruce, M, Leaf, P J, Rozal, GPM, Florio, M S, & Hoff, R A. (1994) Psychiatric status and 9-year mortality data in the New Haven Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study. Am.J.Psychiatry, 151, 716-721.[priory.com]
  • Psychosexual dysfunctions, term hysteria has been replaced in ICD-10 by dissociative (conversion) disorders Epidemiology Hysteria (comprising of conversion, dissociation and somatization disorder) 6-15% of OPD 14-20% of all neurotic disorders.[rxpgonline.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Etiology Pathophysiology Recognized psychosocial stress precedes picking in 30-90% of patients. Stress as a trigger is common in those who have anxiety, depression, impulse-control issues or one of the personality disorders.[clinicaladvisor.com]

Prevention

  • Exposure and response prevention. iv. Relaxation techniques 3. Drug Treatment The drugs used in the treatment of phobia are: i. Benzodiazepines Alprazolam ii.[rxpgonline.com]
  • Such intense fears of various situations may be severe enough to prevent individuals from conducting routine activities. Phobias, the most common type of anxiety disorder, involve specific situations which cause irrational anxiety attacks.[questia.com]
  • Treatment and Prevention Dysthymia is treated with a similar approach to that used for depression - with medication and psychotherapy. The most effective treatment is a combination of strategies.[medbroadcast.com]
  • Protective dressings of gauze or a nonstick material covered by an elastic bandage will provide protection to any open area, and may help to prevent ongoing picking.[clinicaladvisor.com]

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Last updated: 2018-06-22 07:21