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    Night Terrors (Pavor Nocturnus)

    Pavor nocturnus (night terror, sleep terror) is a parasomnia disorder characterized by panicky awakening, fear and signs of autonomic arousal (tachypnea, flushing, diaphoresis, tachycardia).

    Night Terrors emerges due to the following process: mental.

    Presentation

    Entire body system
    Anemia
    • Small for Gestational Age (SGA) Large for Gestational Age (LGA) Respiratory Distress Syndrome Transient Tachypnea Meconium Aspiration Syndrome Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension Pneumothorax in Newborns Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Apnea of Prematurity Anemia[merckmanuals.com]
    Nightmare
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  • neurologic
    Insomnia
    • Night Terrors in Young Children – Baby, Infant, Toddlers Causes of Child Insomnia – Children, Infant, Toddler, Teen[healthhype.com]
    • Insomnia means that you regularly have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or wake up too early.[healthline.com]
    • RLS tends to cause insomnia due to a constant, involuntary irritation of the legs causing their movement, on retiring to bed.[patient.info]
    • In recent studies of Chinese children, kids who reported frequent nightmares were at higher risk for insomnia (Li et al 2011).[parentingscience.com]
    • "Depression, Night Terrors, and Insomnia Associated With Long-Term Intrathecal Clonidine Therapy".[en.wikipedia.org]
    Seizure
    • The other worry for many parents is that these episodes are a type of seizure .[pediatrics.about.com]
    • Doctors also monitor such patients for seizure disorders with symptoms that mimic night terrors.[thedenverchannel.com]
    • Night terrors can be very scary and sometimes they can be mistaken for seizures or other serious medical problems.[healthcare.utah.edu]
    • If other disorders are suspected, additional tests may be useful to exclude them: An electroencephalogram ( EEG ), which measures brain activity, may be performed if a seizure disorder is suspected.[webmd.com]
    • Cerebral Palsy (CP) Febrile Seizures Infantile Spasms Neurofibromatosis Seizures in Children Sturge-Weber Syndrome Tourette Syndrome and Other Tic Disorders in Children and Adolescents Tuberous Sclerosis Von Hippel–Lindau Disease (VHL) Overview of Birth[merckmanuals.com]
    Somnambulism
    • Sleepwalking (somnambulism) : Sleepwalking is another type of disorder of arousal and occurs when a person appears to be awake and moving around with eyes wide open but is actually asleep.[my.clevelandclinic.org]
    • In the American Psychiatric Association (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition ( DSM-5 ), one common parasomnia, non-REM (NREM) sleep arousal disorder, is described as being characterized by either somnambulism (ie,[emedicine.medscape.com]
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  • Skin
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  • musculoskeletal
    Bone Disorder
    • Other bone disorders may be inherited or occur in childhood for no known reason.[merckmanuals.com]
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  • cardiovascular
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  • psychiatrical
    Suggestibility
    • A dysfunction in the serotoninergic system has been suggested, owing to an association found between adolescents with migraines and a history of sleep terrors. [2] Additionally, some evidence has suggested that the serotonin precursor L-5-hydroxytryptophan[emedicine.medscape.com]
    • However, she did want to delve deeper into the root of my sleep terrors, and so suggested that I sleep overnight at a lab being observed by sleep specialists.[medicaldaily.com]
    • Some researchers suggest that sleep terrors are caused by a delay in the maturation of the child's central nervous system.[encyclopedia.com]
    • There is some evidence to suggest that night terrors can result from lack of sleep or poor sleeping habits.[en.wikipedia.org]
    • If your child experiences frequent episodes — more than twice a week — your pediatrician might suggest keeping a diary of when they occur, then waking your child 15 minutes prior to that time to help prevent them.[whattoexpect.com]
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  • Eyes
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  • Workup

    Treatment

    Prognosis

    Complications

    Hallucinations
    Inspiration
    • "When first written, the song was inspired by one specific relationship," the band tells Rolling Stone in a joint statement.[rollingstone.com]
    • After watching his dad struggle for years, Tyler was inspired to find a way to help all veterans dealing with PTSD be able to sleep through the night.[people.com]
    • "Night Terrors" was inspired by Gatiss's fear of dolls, and the ones in the episode were designed to be scary and crude-looking.[en.wikipedia.org]
    • It was Alex and Claire's suggestion that George be sent somewhere for help that inspired George's fears; he misunderstood the suggestion as a rejection of him.[tardis.wikia.com]
    Meningitis
    • Overview of Bacterial Infections in Childhood Occult Bacteremia Meningitis in Children Rheumatic Fever Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Children Behavioral Problems in Children Children acquire many skills as they grow.[merckmanuals.com]
    Night Terrors
    • Night Terrors on Tardis Data Core, an external wiki "Night Terrors" on IMDb "Night Terrors" at the BBC Doctor Who homepage[en.wikipedia.org]
    • Symptoms of night terrors Night terrors differ from nightmares.[medicalnewstoday.com]
    Nocturnal Enuresis
    • Bruxism (grinding of teeth), nocturnal enuresis (considered by some to be a parasomnia) and night terrors were the most common types. [ 3 ] Risk factors One study found that arousal parasomnias were associated with sleep apnoea, alcohol intake at bedtime[patient.info]
    Tuberous Sclerosis
    • Cerebral Palsy (CP) Febrile Seizures Infantile Spasms Neurofibromatosis Seizures in Children Sturge-Weber Syndrome Tourette Syndrome and Other Tic Disorders in Children and Adolescents Tuberous Sclerosis Von Hippel–Lindau Disease (VHL) Overview of Birth[merckmanuals.com]
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  • Etiology

    Epidemiology

    Sex distribution
    Age distribution

    Pathophysiology

    Prevention

    Summary

    Patient Information

    Self-assessment

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    References

    • A polysomnographic and clinical report on sleep-related injury in 100 adult patients - CH Schenck, DM Milner, TD Hurwitz - Am J , 1989 - Am Psychiatric Assoc
    • A psychophysiological study of nightmares and night terrors: I. Physiological aspects of the stage 4 night terror - C Fisher, E Kahn, A Edwards - The Journal of nervous , 1973 - journals.lww.com
    • Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia. II. Pattern specificity and consistency with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory - A Kales, AB Caldwell, CR Soldatos - Psychosomatic , 1983 - Am Psychosomatic Soc
    • Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy a distinctive clinical disorder - IE Scheffer, KP Bhatia, I Lopes-Cendes, DR Fish - Brain, 1995 - Oxford Univ Press


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