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Obstruction of the Lung

Lung Obstruction


Presentation

  • Here we present a case of a 64-year-old Caucasian male who presented with a 3-week history of postprandial vomiting, weight-loss and epigastric discomfort.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report a case of Morgagni hernia presenting with subacute bowel obstruction in a bilateral lung transplant recipient. This diaphragmatic deficiency was not evident during bilateral lung transplantation surgery via clamshell incision.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report a case of a 16- year-old male who presented with a 1-month history of fever, cough, left-side chest pain and shortness of breath. Chest X -ray showed loss of lung volume on the left side with cystic spaces and air fluid levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The two newborn infants presented here demonstrate the pathophysiologic effects of total intrauterine bronchial occlusion and the consequent retention of pulmonary fluid.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]
  • Apply a visual approach—with the classic Netter art, updated illustrations, and modern imaging—to normal and abnormal body function and the clinical presentation of the patient.[books.google.com]
Asymptomatic
  • Abstract Morgagni hernias are uncommon congenital diaphragmatic deficiencies that may remain asymptomatic till adulthood. We report a case of Morgagni hernia presenting with subacute bowel obstruction in a bilateral lung transplant recipient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Impulsivity
  • Handa H, Huang J, Murgu SD, Mineshita M, Kurimoto N, et al. (2014) Assessment of central airway obstruction using impulse oscillometry before and after interventional bronchoscopy. Respir Care 59: 231–240. View Article Google Scholar 15.[journals.plos.org]

Treatment

  • Although interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a life-threatening immune-related adverse event, the risk of ILD during nivolumab treatment is unclear.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • (a) Airway stenting alone ( n 6), (b) airway stenting followed adjuvant treatment ( n 10), (c) previous treatment and stenting followed by adjuvant treatment ( n 14), (d) previous treatment and airway stenting, BSC, best supportive care.[academic.oup.com]
  • Treatment of obstruction of the upper respiratory tract includes such methods as alveolar massage, oxygen therapy, therapeutic gymnastics, surgical intervention, medical treatment.[ulaizer.com.ua]
  • BACKGROUND: Compared to conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors have shown a significant efficacy in the treatment of lung cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Appropriate management of metastatic GOO involves accurate diagnosis and treatment with either enteral stenting or laparoscopic gastric bypass.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Most of the patients have limited prognosis because of advanced stage disease or had been refractory to a conventional therapy.[academic.oup.com]
  • However, the ultimate prognosis is of course associated with the underlying condition.[patient.info]
  • Prognosis The prognosis of SVC syndrome is variable and depends significantly on the underlying cause. Thanks for your feedback![verywell.com]
  • Prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmo nary disease: the Dutch experience. Am Rev Respir Dis, 140 (1989), pp. 100-105 [79.] M.C. Fiore, S.S. Smith, D.E. Jorenby, et al. Review. The effectiveness of the nicotine patch for smoking cessation.[archbronconeumol.org]

Etiology

  • Pulse Empty pulse Tongue Pale or normal tongue body Etiology/Pathology Chronic Lung problems may be hereditary, especially if a parent had Lung tuberculosis.[sacredlotus.com]
  • The etiology is unknown, although sporadic, genetic (3) and vascular causes (4) have all been proposed.[fetalultrasound.com]
  • Exacerbations: etiology and pathophysiologic mechanisms. Chest. 2002;121:136S-141S. 14. Soriano JB, Davis KJ, Coleman B, et al.[consultant360.com]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiological investigations suggested that workers exposed to flavorings at these popcorn factories were at risk for developing fixed obstructive lung disease.[thoracic.org]
  • In children, the most common causes are T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma). [ 5 ] Epidemiology Gender predilection reflects aetiology, with more males than females due to the prevalence of lung[patient.info]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The two newborn infants presented here demonstrate the pathophysiologic effects of total intrauterine bronchial occlusion and the consequent retention of pulmonary fluid.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]
  • Grasp the nuances of the pathophysiology of today’s major respiratory conditions—including pulmonary hypertension, COPD, asthma, environmental lung disease, sleep disorders, infections of the immunocompromised, neonatal breathing disorders, and drug-resistant[books.google.com]
  • Pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmo nary disease. Clin Chest Med, 11 (1990), pp. 389-403 [10.] W.M. Thurbeck. Pathophysiology of chronic airflow obstruction. Chest, 97 (1990), pp. 6-10 [11.] R.R. Anthonisen, H. Bass, A. Oriol, et al.[archbronconeumol.org]
  • Exacerbations: etiology and pathophysiologic mechanisms. Chest. 2002;121:136S-141S. 14. Soriano JB, Davis KJ, Coleman B, et al.[consultant360.com]

Prevention

  • According to previous cases, a bronchial balloon of double-lumen endotracheal tube (DLT) could prevent a dislodged tumor from traveling to the contralateral lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • So we have to focus on interventions to prevent or reverse COPD or improve FEV1, and to test whether such interventions reduce the risk of heart failure.[escardio.org]
  • Prevention Unlike some diseases, COPD has a clear cause and a clear path of prevention. The majority of cases are directly related to cigarette smoking, and the best way to prevent COPD is to never smoke — or to stop smoking now.[mayoclinic.org]
  • Preventing COPD COPD is largely a preventable condition. You can significantly reduce your chances of developing it if you avoid smoking.[nhs.uk]
  • Corticosteroid drugs have strong anti-inflammatory effects and so have been used either to prevent or treat chronic lung disease, particularly in babies who cannot be weaned from assisted ventilation.[healthdirect.gov.au]

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