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Occupational Cramps


Presentation

  • Similar findings were seen in 2 patients with symptomatic hemidystonia in whom structural brain lesions were present. However, this reduction in presynaptic inhibition was not specific to patients with dystonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Brebner, PhD Presenting Author: Saleh Abdullah Hussain Al-Ahwal, MSc, MB, ChB; Senior Occupational Physician; Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Operations; Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Williams & Wilkins 1997. All Rights Reserved.[journals.lww.com]
  • The perception and attitudes toward electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) for depression among Japanese research institution members Yu SAKAGAMI( Corresponding Presenter), Toshiya MURAI, Masashi ANDO WPA Section on Epidemiology and Public Health Oct 2014 World[researchmap.jp]
  • Writer's cramp , also called mogigraphia and scrivener's palsy , is a disorder caused by cramps or spasms of certain muscles of the hand and/or forearm, and presents itself while performing fine motor tasks, such as writing or playing an instrument.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • In most cases, the dystonia is present only in the context of specific tasks. For example, some woodwind doublers report the dystonia may be present while playing the clarinet but not while playing the saxophone.[dystoniacanada.org]
Fatigue
  • J Exp Biol 115:125–136 Google Scholar Edwards RHT (1984) New techniques for studying human muscle function, metabolism, and fatigue. Muscle Nerve 7:599–609 Google Scholar Edwards RHT (1986) Muscle fatigue and pain.[link.springer.com]
  • If the act is repeated too often, fatigue results. If, in spite of the fatigue, the act is continued, structural changes in the mechanism underlying it may be caused.[central-fixation.com]
  • In all these occupations rapid repetitive action of small group of muscles results in fatigue. The sufferer of Occupational dystonia has difficultly in executing those tasks which he I she might be doing earlier on.[healthdrip.com]
  • Repeated lifting , even lift light loads may cause localized muscle fatigue or whole body fatigue. Fatigue increases the risk of accident and injury. Frequent lifting also puts stress on the discs, tendons and ligaments of the back. 2.[elcosh.org]
  • Repetitive motions, forceful exertions, or sustained awkward positions can cause increased stress and fatigue at different tendons, joints or muscles.[nuh.com.sg]
Physician
  • Brebner, PhD Presenting Author: Saleh Abdullah Hussain Al-Ahwal, MSc, MB, ChB; Senior Occupational Physician; Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Operations; Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Williams & Wilkins 1997. All Rights Reserved.[journals.lww.com]
  • Neurologist – A physician that focuses on non-surgical solutions for a child’s pain that involve the brain, central nervous system or spinal cord. Physiatrist – A physician who focuses on chronic illnesses of the musculoskeletal system.[cerebralpalsy.org]
  • Am Fam Physician 52:1794-1798, 1995 Ahmad S. L-carnitine in dialysis patients. Semin Dial 14:209-217, 2001 Review. Mandal AK, Abernathy T, Nelluri SN, Stitzel V. Is quinine effective and safe in leg cramps? J Clin Pharmacol 35:588-593, 1995[advancedrenaleducation.com]
  • Our rehabilitation medicine physicians, also known as physiatrists, coordinate the rehabilitation program and offer treatments to improve bowel and bladder function and sexual function, and to reduce pain caused by spinal cord compression or instability[nyulangone.org]
  • Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 911 immediately.[saebo.com]
Movement Disorder
  • These dystonias represent localized stereotyped painless movement disorders affecting certain occupational groups in characteristic ways.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder.[dystonia.org.uk]
  • Focal dystonia of the hands is a neurologic movement disorder. The brain sends incorrect information to the muscles, causing involuntary, excessive muscle contractions. These signals can make your hands twist into odd postures.[healthline.com]
  • Disorders, 12, 3, 370-377 Movement Disorders, 12, 3, 370-377 Movement Disorders, 12, 3, 370-377 1997/05 有 英語 研究論文(学術雑誌) 重松一生, 上岡(阪上)優, 杉山博 重松一生, 上岡(阪上)優, 杉山博 神経内科領域における長期経腸栄養と自律神経機能評価 神経内科領域における長期経腸栄養と自律神経機能評価 IRYO vol49 No10 (819-825) 1995. 10 IRYO[kyouindb.iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp]
Swelling
  • Ice is used to alleviate patient's pain and help control swelling. Compression is used to prevent swelling, but this should be used with caution when dealing with nerve entrapment syndromes.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Additional services of Acupuncture are also offered for the treatment of post operative swelling, headaches, labor pain, low back pain, menstrual cramps, migraines, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, dental pain, tennis elbow, smoking cessation chemotherapy-induced[riverwalkpt.com]
  • The swelling of the tendon lining impairs the smooth gliding motion of the tendons which then results in the pain or catching feeling when the patient tries to flex his finger.[nuh.com.sg]
  • Compression syndromes Where swelling in the muscles and soft tissues compresses the nerves. Pain tends to be more widespread, treatment is more involved and recovery can take several weeks.[southerncross.co.nz]
  • Lymphedema Lymphedema is a specific type of swelling that can occur in the limbs, trunk or head due to the accumulation of high-protein lymphatic fluid just beneath the skin.[bozemanhealth.org]
Hand Pain
  • These exercises and activities won't make hand pain and numbness go away, “but stretching helps get more blood flowing to your hands and can help you increase movement and manage tightness,” Luketic says.[everydayhealth.com]
  • Read More Shoulder, elbow and hand pain Hip pain – osteoarthritis, bursitis and muscle strain Knee pain – osteoarthritis, patellar tracking disorders, runner’s knee Leg, shin and calf pain – leg cramps, shin splints Achilles tendinitis and tendinosis[burswoodhealth.com.au]
  • Symptom Jobs Job Title Possible cause Muscle pain Joint Pain Wrist or hand pain Elbow or shoulder pain Knee pain Ankle or hip pain Back Pain Neck Pain Reporting Do workers feel free to report symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders, without fear of reprisal[elcosh.org]
Muscle Cramp
  • Pregnant women - up to 30% of women can be affected by leg cramps during pregnancy. [ 2 ] Muscle cramps are common in children, especially at night.[patient.info]
  • 05 Apr 2013 April 5, 2013 Muscle Cramps…Cramping Your Style? I’m sure many of us have awoken out of a deep, peaceful sleep by a contraction in your calf so intense that it feels as if your flesh is being peeled right off the bone.[capitolphysicaltherapy.net]
  • Compensatory vasoconstrictive responses may shunt blood centrally during treatment, and could play a role in promoting muscle cramps.[advancedrenaleducation.com]
  • Indeed, there are many neurological, reflex, and psychological causes for muscle cramps. Cramps are particularly bothersome in victims of Parkinson’s disease and Huntington’s chorea .[britannica.com]
  • Arthritis, tendon problems, and muscle cramps can all cause pain in the hands. Carpal tunnel syndrome is the result of nerve compression. Writer’s Cramp is often mistaken for over-use conditions.[dystonia.ie]
Bone Pain
  • Back, neck, hip, and pubic bone pain, as well as sciatica, rectus diastasis (separation of stomach muscles), leg cramps, foot pain, and tingling in the arms and legs does not have to be a normal part of pregnancy or post-partum.[bozemanhealth.org]
Dystonia
  • However, this reduction in presynaptic inhibition was not specific to patients with dystonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These dystonias represent localized stereotyped painless movement disorders affecting certain occupational groups in characteristic ways.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Dystonia Ireland gratefully acknowledges the Dystonia Medical Research Foundation for use of this information.[dystonia.ie]
  • Also, people who develop focal hand dystonias may be prone to experiencing escalation of their condition into some more serious ones like generalized dystonia of a certain type. At the moment, there are no successful treatments for dystonia.[ic.steadyhealth.com]
  • Dystonia has a variety of causes – but dystonias affecting the hand are often caused by performing repeated hand movements. Such dystonias are known as “focal task-specific dystonias”.[dystonia.org.uk]
Stroke
  • In a further group of 13 patients with hemiparesis or hemiplegia due to stroke, abnormalities of both early and later phases of reciprocal inhibition were found.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Register RECIPROCAL INHIBITION BETWEEN FOREARM MUSCLES IN PATIENTS WITH WRITER'S CRAMP AND OTHER OCCUPATIONAL CRAMPS, SYMPTOMATIC HEMIDYSTONIA AND HEMIPARESIS DUE TO STROKE - 24 Hours access EUR 36.00 GBP 28.00 USD 45.00 Rental This article is also available[academic.oup.com]
  • You can help mitigate the complications that arise from a stroke and make the recuperation process much easier on stroke survivors.[saebo.com]
  • Heat stroke is a medical emergency that may result in death! Call 911 immediately . Heat exhaustion is the body's response to loss of water and salt from heavy sweating.[osha.gov]
  • Heat stress can result in heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps, or heat rashes. Heat can also increase the risk of injuries in workers as it may result in sweaty palms, fogged-up safety glasses, and dizziness.[cdc.gov]
Paresis
  • Studies show that 20 to 30 percent of stroke survivors experience this condition, and this happens in less than half of those with paresis.[saebo.com]

Treatment

  • Treatment is based on the re-training of their muscular actions and on teaching the patients to avoid assuming abnormal stances or postures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Occupational cramps affecting the upper extremities have been described for centuries, though only recently is light being shed on their pathogenesis, pathophysiology, and improved strategies for diagnosis and treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] and Prevention Many of the treatment strategies are similar to those used to treat intradialytic hypotension Physical maneuvers such as massage of the calf muscles and dorsiflexion of the foot are not very helpful Immediate treatment is to increase intravascular[advancedrenaleducation.com]
  • NYU Langone’s Rusk Rehabilitation has a team of physical and occupational therapists who can help you regain your mobility and sensation after treatment for a spinal cord tumor.[nyulangone.org]
  • Proctor and Murphy (2001) carried out a review regarding the safety and efficacy of herbal and dietary supplement when compared with each other, placebos, no treatment or other conventional treatments such as NSAIDS.[personneltoday.com]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis in a case of writers cramps is guarded and shall be guided by factors such as early return to work and lack of discomfort while resuming the job. Views: 17[healthdrip.com]
  • It is not intended to provide instruction and you should not rely on this information to determine diagnosis, prognosis or a course of treatment. It should not be used in place of a professional consultation with a doctor.[dystonia.org.uk]
  • In turn, current diagnosis is crucial for prognosis, treatment (preventing unnecessary surgery), and occupational-related medico-legal issues. Acknowledgements We thank Dr. Nicoletta Carlo-Stella for revising the manuscript and helpful duscussion.[haematologica.org]
  • Starr 7 considers the prognosis good for recovery, "provided a sufficient period of rest can be enforced. This rest must, however, be absolute rest of the function affected," he says.[central-fixation.com]

Etiology

  • Etiology Approximately 20% of dialysis sessions are accompanied by muscle cramps 1 Cramps are more pronounced in patients who require high ultrafitration rates and are possibly dialyzed below their dry weight.[advancedrenaleducation.com]

Epidemiology

  • Affiliation Kyoto University Section Health Service Job title Associate professor Degree Doctor of Medicine(Kyoto University) Research Interests geriatric psychiatry(23), nevrology(1), neuroscience(445), IP 3 assisted CICR(1) Research Areas Society medicine / Epidemiology[researchmap.jp]
  • Epidemiology Groups at increased risk: Up to 60% of adults report that they have had nocturnal leg cramps. [ 1 ] The problem is often distressing, impacting on sleep, and has an adverse effect on quality of life.[patient.info]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Abstract Occupational cramps affecting the upper extremities have been described for centuries, though only recently is light being shed on their pathogenesis, pathophysiology, and improved strategies for diagnosis and treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The pathophysiologic and clinical features of each of these diagnoses are described. The approach to the patient with cramps should emphasize the history, physical examination, and, if the diagnosis is unclear, minimal routine laboratory data.[jamanetwork.com]

Prevention

  • AND MANAGEMENT Health Risks of Underground Construction Work Bohuslav Mdlek 93 8 MAJOR SECTORS AND THEIR HAZARDS TOOLS EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS Elevators Escalators and Hoists J Staal and John Quackenbush 93 40 Prevention of Occupational Dermatosis among[books.google.de]
  • Prevention of heat stress in workers is important. Employers should provide training to workers so they understand what heat stress is, how it affects their health and safety, and how it can be prevented.[cdc.gov]
  • Can cerebral palsy be prevented or cured? At present, there is no way to totally prevent or cure cerebral palsy. Public health measures such as mandatory seatbelts, pool fencing and rubella vaccinations continue to prevent some CP.[research.cerebralpalsy.org.au]
  • Prevention There are a number of steps that can be taken to prevent OOS.[southerncross.co.nz]
  • Range-of-Motion Exercises In addition, range-of-motion exercises are the best way to reverse and prevent contracture.[saebo.com]

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