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Oppositional Defiant Disorder


Presentation

  • However, children with ODD simply do not show the serious behavioral problems that are present in Conduct Disorder (e.g., behaviors that violate the rights of others such as destruction of property).[mentalhelp.net]
  • ODD typically presents more in boys than girls when seen in younger children; however, in school-aged children and adolescents, ODD typically affects boys and girls equally.[adoptontario.ca]
Disability
  • When considering if a child may have Oppositional Defiant Disorder, it is important to also assess the child for disorders such as depression, panic/anxiety disorder, learning disabilities, ADHD, and similar conditions.[crchealth.com]
  • Children who show such behaviours at a very early age (around two to three years) often have other problems such as a difficult temperament, hyperactivity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), language disorders and some degree of learning disability[contact.org.uk]
Physician
  • During the initial phases of assessment, a physician may be required to rule out any physical issues that could cause the behaviours that are exhibited.[adoptontario.ca]
Camping
  • Holt describes the passive-aggressive behavior of slaves or prisoners in concentration camps, designed to placate authority figures while keeping a sense of self-dignity intact.[kars4kids.org]
Thin Skin
  • Angry or Irritable: Loses temper often, has a quick flashpoint Is thin-skinned, easy to annoy Seems angry and filled with resentment a lot of the time Argumentative and defiant behavior: Argues with adults and other authority figures Consistently refuses[kars4kids.org]
Anger
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder Overview As its name indicates, Oppositional Defiant Disorder (also referred to as Oppositional Defiance Disorder or ODD) is a disorder characterized by anger, defiance, and negativity.[crchealth.com]
  • Boys with ODD tend to be more physically aggressive and have explosive anger while girls often lie, refuse to cooperate, and express symptoms in other indirect ways.[additudemag.com]
  • Excessive arguing with adults or authority figures Questioning rules Active defiance – refusal to listen to requests from adults Deliberate attempts to annoy or frustrate others Blaming of others for misbehaviours Easily annoyed or irritated Frequent anger[adoptontario.ca]
Impulsivity
  • , ODD, or any other form of conduct disorder A family history of mood disorders including depression and anxiety, or bipolar disorder A family history of substance abuse issues Brain damage of impairment that has affected reasoning, judgment, and/or impulse[adoptontario.ca]
Suggestibility
  • Considering that treatment for ODD typically includes parent training, some may go so far as to suggest that ODD is the parents’ fault. On the one hand, this is insulting and probably unfair.[kars4kids.org]
Hunger
  • Most times, this is brought on by particular needs that arise such as hunger, upset, stress, or tiredness. Oppositional behaviour, in general, is a normal part of development for children and adolescents.[adoptontario.ca]
Aggressive Behavior
  • Holt describes the passive-aggressive behavior of slaves or prisoners in concentration camps, designed to placate authority figures while keeping a sense of self-dignity intact.[kars4kids.org]
Tantrums
  • Back Print Also known as: Conduct disorder, Oppositional Defiant disorder Background Tantrums and some oppositional behaviour can be part of normal development for most young children and can be an expression of boundary testing when learning social rules[contact.org.uk]
  • ODD includes regular temper tantrums, excessive arguments with adults, and uncooperative, deliberately annoying actions.[additudemag.com]
  • […] non-compliant behavior An unwillingness to compromise Frequent arguing with, talking back to, or challenging of authority Irritability, resentfulness, or negativity Deliberate provocation of others which comes across as mean, spiteful, or rude Temper tantrums[mentalhelp.net]
  • Some of these symptoms include*: Multiple and frequent temper tantrums Excessive arguing with adults or authority figures Questioning rules Active defiance – refusal to listen to requests from adults Deliberate attempts to annoy or frustrate others Blaming[adoptontario.ca]
Irritability
  • For instance, both conduct disordered and oppositional defiant children are highly irritable and have poor social skills.[mentalhelp.net]
  • Angry or Irritable: Loses temper often, has a quick flashpoint Is thin-skinned, easy to annoy Seems angry and filled with resentment a lot of the time Argumentative and defiant behavior: Argues with adults and other authority figures Consistently refuses[kars4kids.org]
  • […] frequent temper tantrums Excessive arguing with adults or authority figures Questioning rules Active defiance – refusal to listen to requests from adults Deliberate attempts to annoy or frustrate others Blaming of others for misbehaviours Easily annoyed or irritated[adoptontario.ca]
Behavior Problem
  • However, children with ODD simply do not show the serious behavioral problems that are present in Conduct Disorder (e.g., behaviors that violate the rights of others such as destruction of property).[mentalhelp.net]
  • Causes of Oppositional Defiant Disorder As is the case with depression, learning disabilities, and many other emotional and behavioral problems that affect adolescents and teenagers, Oppositional Defiant Disorder does not lend itself to quick diagnosis[crchealth.com]
Hyperactivity
  • Children who show such behaviours at a very early age (around two to three years) often have other problems such as a difficult temperament, hyperactivity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), language disorders and some degree of learning[contact.org.uk]
  • Even if a child in care is psychologically healthy and well-adjusted, they are still more likely than other children to develop Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder.[adoptontario.ca]
Neglect
  • […] or attachment issues Difficulty forming relationships or processing social cues Social Factors Low-income Inconsistent environment Abuse and/or neglect Poor supervision or absent parents or caregivers Inconsistent expectations and/or discipline Family[adoptontario.ca]

Treatment

  • Among adolescents and teens, treatment will most likely focus on both the child and the family.[crchealth.com]
  • Treatment There are many different forms of treatment for children with ODD; there is no one best treatment and effectiveness will depend on the child and the symptoms presenting.[adoptontario.ca]
  • Medication isn’t the first line of treatment here, unless, as often does happen, ODD is comorbid with (coexists with) other disorders requiring medication, such as ADHD.[kars4kids.org]
  • Early intervention and treatment for ODD are the best way to help correct oppositional behavior before it progresses into conduct disorder or a more serious mental health concern.[additudemag.com]

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