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Organic Delusional Disorder

Organic Delusional Syndrome


Presentation

  • Abstract Delusions may be the most prominent manifestations of brain dysfunction, and a host of medical and neurologic conditions can present with or produce delusions. Recognition of the underlying disorder frequently aids in successful treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Delusions, if present, are related to the hallucinations. In Organic Affective Syndrome, symptoms resembling those of the Affective Disorders predominate. Delusions and hallucinations, if present, have a content related to the mood disturbance.[dsm.wikia.com]
  • The present volume has come about through an awareness of the absence of any cohesive and substantive source on the treatment of cognitive dysfunction following brain insult.[books.google.com]
  • A report an unusual presentation of long standing psychotic symptoms without anaemia in a 31 year old male, who presented to a tertiary care psychiatric facility.[japi.org]
Epilepsy
  • Five patients in the AUDS group were diagnosed as having epilepsy, whereas none of those with MDE had epilepsy (p 0.043).[bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com]
  • […] related to the delusional theme (eg, the sensation of being infested by insects, the perception of body odor). [19] Systemic or focal CNS causes of tactile and olfactory hallucinations, such as substance intoxication and/or withdrawal, temporal lobe epilepsy[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Applicable To Paranoid and paranoid-hallucinatory organic states Schizophrenia-like psychosis in epilepsy Type 2 Excludes Type 2 Excludes Help A type 2 excludes note represents "not included here".[icd10data.com]
  • […] s disease, Huntington’s disease, and some chromosomal disorders brain tumors or cysts Some types of dementia may result in psychosis, such as that caused by: Alzheimer’s disease HIV, syphilis, and other infections that attack the brain some types of epilepsy[healthline.com]
  • These include: Alzheimer’s disease Epilepsy Obsessive-compulsive disorder Delirium Other schizophrenia spectrum disorders If the doctor finds no physical reason for the symptoms, they might refer the person to a psychiatrist or psychologist, health care[webmd.com]
Physician
  • Biomarkers Pathogenesis Impulse control disorders in Parkinson's disease Updated outcome measures Complementary and alternative medicine for the treatment of Parkinson's disease Together the chapters form a comprehensive review of the many issues facing PD physicians[books.google.de]
  • However, physicians were successful in getting her back to a healthy weight using appropriate treatment procedures.[primehealthchannel.com]
  • As a result, they frequently seek a diagnosis from multiple physicians or withdraw from medical care out of suspicion over the motives of the doctors who diagnose them. Tired of addiction calling the shots? Addiction treatment changes lives.[addiction.com]
  • A physician will also test for underlying causes of the disorder, which might be treated according to the type of illness or injury.[disability-benefits-help.org]
  • Erotomanic type: (les psychosis passionelles, erotomania, old maid’s insanity, nymphomania, furor uterinus, amor insanus, erotic melancholy) descriptions are seen in writings of Hippocrates, Plutarch, Galen and other physicians of seventeenth century.[slideshare.net]
Falling
  • From a fear of constantly being followed to falling in love with strangers, there are many different ways that organic delusional disorder can affect people.[gomentor.com]
  • […] syndromes such as Capgras syndrome (characterized by a belief that a familiar person has been replaced by an identical "impostor") or Fregoli syndrome (a belief that a familiar person is "disguised" as someone else) fall into this category.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • During deficiency, vitamin B12 levels in the neuronal tissues fall much earlier than that in the serum. 6 Hence, even a normal serum B12 level does not rule out metabolic deficiency of vitamin B12.[japi.org]
  • Darstellung des Krankheitsbildes bei Kindern und Jugendlichen anhand von 68 Fällen aus der Literatur und einen eigenen Fall einer ‘Folie à trois’. Zeitschr Kind Jugendpsychiatr 1996;24:117–126. Article / Publication Details First-Page Preview[karger.com]
Antipsychotic Agent
  • In this case treatment with antipsychotic agents was combined with supportive measures along with cognitive and behavioural strategies, to allay the patient's anxiety, acknowledge his distress, explore the consequences of his beliefs and modify them.[ijpm.info]
  • No differences in response were found between pimozide and other typical neuroleptics, or between typical and atypical antipsychotic agents, but patients with persecutory delusions did worse (50 per cent improvement and no complete recovery) (Freudenmann[theravive.com]
  • agent with proven effectiveness in randomized, controlled clinical trials.[jgmh.org]
Turkish
  • History Play ENTRENus Play ENTRENuk Play ENTRENau Meanings of "organic delusional syndrome" in Turkish English Dictionary : 1 result(s) Category English Turkish Psychology 1 Psychology organic delusional syndrome organik kuruntulu sendrom Pronunciation[tureng.com]
Delusion
  • Abstract Delusions may be the most prominent manifestations of brain dysfunction, and a host of medical and neurologic conditions can present with or produce delusions. Recognition of the underlying disorder frequently aids in successful treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Symptoms of / Reasons for Organic Delusional Disorder Delusions that last more than one month. Lack of hallucinations. Delusions that contain psychotic or exaggerated themes.[gomentor.com]
  • Delusions, if present, are related to the hallucinations. In Organic Affective Syndrome, symptoms resembling those of the Affective Disorders predominate. Delusions and hallucinations, if present, have a content related to the mood disturbance.[dsm.wikia.com]
  • Hohwy J (2004) Top-down and bottom-up in delusion formation. Philos Psychiatr Psychol 11:65–70 CrossRef Google Scholar 15. Coltheart M, Langdon R, McKay R (2007) Schizophrenia and monothematic delusions.[link.springer.com]
Suggestibility
  • Comparison of organic delusional syndromes with schizophrenia suggests that limbic system abnormality and dopamine dysfunction are common underlying factors shared by different causes of delusions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Suggest your own translation to Longdo Advertisement Advertisement คำศัพท์ล่าสุด EN: prenuptial agreement, conduciveness, interim JP: 漏電, つんでれ;ツンデレ, 痛み DE: Kohldampf, Staatsbürger, Lieblingsbeschäftigung FR: Genève, charcuterie, espérance Others: จิ้น[dict.longdo.com]
  • These findings suggest that delusional symptoms arise from dopaminergic hyperactivity and may have a genetic basis.[theravive.com]
  • As psychosis can precede anaemia and other physical findings, we suggest directly investigating serum B12 levels.[japi.org]
Persecutory Delusion
  • Concerning persecutory delusions in PDFTBI, we underscore the role of the temporal pole lesion that may segregate the function of the amygdala from visual information processed in the temporal lobe.[link.springer.com]
  • Persecutory delusions revolve around a feeling that you are being singled out for mistreatment. Somatic delusions concern the belief that you have a physical defect or serious medical problem.[gomentor.com]
  • Persecutory delusions involve conspiracy against or mistreatment of the patient. Somatic delusions are those of illness or deformity. Mixed delusions have more than one theme.[theravive.com]
  • Mood and affect are consistent with delusional content; for example, patients with persecutory delusions may be suspicious and anxious. Mild dysphoria may be present without regard of type of delusions.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Fear
  • From a fear of constantly being followed to falling in love with strangers, there are many different ways that organic delusional disorder can affect people.[gomentor.com]
  • Yamada M, Murai T, Sato W et al (2005) Emotion recognition from facial expressions in a temporal lobe epileptic patient with ictal fear. Neuropsychologia 43:434–441 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 8.[link.springer.com]
  • Premorbid personality traits Very anxious, tense, fearful and insecure. Among the traits – suspiciousness, mistrust in others, secretiveness, seclusiveness, constant ideas of reference and unwarranted hostility.[slideshare.net]
  • […] of the body are misshapen or ugly, or the reduplication of body parts. [1, 13] Patients are strongly convinced in the "physical" nature of this disorder, as opposed to patients with a hypochondriacal presentation who may be able to admit that their fear[emedicine.medscape.com]
Impulsivity
  • The book includes 23 completely new chapters, and has updated information on: Genetics Pathology Biomarkers Pathogenesis Impulse control disorders in Parkinson's disease Updated outcome measures Complementary and alternative medicine for the treatment[books.google.de]
  • […] disorders F63.9 Habit and impulse disorder, unspecified (Back to top) F64.0 Transsexualism F64.1 Dual-role transvestism F64.2 Gender identity disorder of childhood F64.8 Other gender identity disorders F64.9 Gender identity disorder, unspecified (Back[naswma.org]
  • […] disorders F63.0 Pathological gambling F63.1 Pathological fire-setting (pyromania) F63.2 Pathological stealing (kleptomania) F63.3 Trichotillomania F63.8 Other habit and impulsive disorders F63.9 Habit and impulse disorder, unspecified F64 Gender identity[priory.com]
  • […] disorders F63.0 Pathological gambling F63.1 Pathological fire-setting [pyromania] F63.2 Pathological stealing [kleptomania] F63.3 Trichotillomania F63.8 Other habit and impulse disorders F63.9 Habit and impulse disorder, unspecified F64 Gender identity[rxpgonline.com]
  • ., explosive temper outbursts, sudden crying, etc.) and impairment in impulse control; OR Loss of measured intellectual ability of at least 15 I.Q. points or overall impairment index clearly within the severely impaired range on neuropsychological testing[disability-benefits-help.org]
Stroke
  • Stroke 39:486–488 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 29. Halligan PW, Marshall JC (1995) Supernumerary phantom limb after right hemispheric stroke.[link.springer.com]
  • Treatment includes IV dantrolene 1 to 10 mg/kg IV titrated to effect, management of acidosis and shock, peripheral cooling (see management of heat stroke below). Tardive Dyskinesia.[psychnet-uk.com]
  • , Huntington’s disease, and some chromosomal disorders brain tumors or cysts Some types of dementia may result in psychosis, such as that caused by: Alzheimer’s disease HIV, syphilis, and other infections that attack the brain some types of epilepsy stroke[healthline.com]
  • The dementia may follow a succession of acute cerebrovascular accidents or, less commonly, a single major stroke. Pick’s disease This is a dementia in which the cortical atrophy is initially restricted to the frontotemporal region.[medassignments.com]
Personality Change
  • This concise and updated monograph comprises the latest findings in the field and includes chapters on delusional symptoms, mood disorders and neurotic symptoms, cognitive impairment, behavioral and personality changes, and recently, cerebral alterations[books.google.com]
  • ., auditory, visual, tactile), delusions, and disorganised thoughts and actions, and may have personality changes. Psychosis can be due to primary disorders or may have secondary causes. [1] American Psychiatric Association.[bestpractice.bmj.com]
  • changes (Back to top) F62.0 Enduring personality change after catastrophic experience F62.1 Enduring personality change after psychiatric illness F62.8 Other enduring personality changes F62.9 Enduring personality change, unspecified (Back to top) F63.0[naswma.org]
  • changes F62 Enduring personality changes, not attributable to brain damage and disease F62.0 Enduring personality change after catastrophic experience F62.1 Enduring personality change after psychiatric illness F62.8 Other enduring personality changes[priory.com]
  • changes, not attributable to brain damage and disease F62.0 Enduring personality change after catastrophic experience F62.1 Enduring personality change after psychiatric illness F62.8 Other enduring personality changes F62.9 Enduring personality change[rxpgonline.com]
Encephalopathy
  • […] personality change of other type, of nonpsychotic severity Mild memory disturbance Organic psychosyndrome of nonpsychotic severity Presbyophrenia NOS Senility with mental changes of nonpsychotic severity 310.2 Postconcussion syndrome Postcontusion syndrome or encephalopathy[assessmentpsychology.com]
  • ., vitamin B12 deficiency, hepatic encephalopathy, uremia, acute intermittent porphyria, thyroid and adrenal disorders, etc) or brain disorder (e.g., stroke, Wilson disease, tumor, epilepsy etc). [134] Secondary psychosis is also seen as a side effect[jgmh.org]
Neglect
  • On the other hand, the fact that an individual has a prior history of nonorganic psychosis does not mean that one should neglect consideration of an Organic Delusional Syndrome, especially if there is concern about a possible organic factor (for example[dsm.wikia.com]
Babinski Sign
  • One AUDS patient had ophtalmoplegia and bilaterally inverted plantar reflexes (positive Babinski's sign), whereas another had inverted plantar reflexes as the only sign of pathology. The third patient had bilateral horizontal nystagmus.[bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com]

Workup

Hyperprolactinemia
  • Abstract A young female with organic delusional syndrome induced by hyperprolactinemia was admitted to the Psychiatry Clinic of Ankara Social Security Hospital.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Recognition of the underlying disorder frequently aids in successful treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thus, we decided that a handbook focusing on the outpatient treatment of mental disorders would be both timely and useful.[books.google.com]

Prognosis

  • FAVOREVOLE CON MODESTA COMPROMISSIONE FUNZIONALE 9323 NEOPLASIE A PROGNOSI FAVOREVOLE CON GRAVE COMPROMISSIONE FUNZIONALE 9324 SINDROME DI TURNER 9325 NEOPLASIE A PROGNOSI INFAUSTA O PROBABILMENTE SFAVOREVOLE NONOSTANTE ASPORTAZIONE CHIRURGICA 9326 SCLERODERMIA[studioaquilani.it]
  • Epidemiology Etiology Clinical Features Differential Diagnosis Course and Prognosis Treatment 3. Epidemiology Studies suggest that between 2 and 8 percent of the elderly population experience some type of paranoid symptoms.[slideshare.net]
  • PATOLOGIA NEOPLASTICA Back 9322 NEOPLASIE A PROGNOSI FAVOREVOLE CON MODESTA COMPROMISSIONE FUNZIONALE 0 0 11 9323 NEOPLASIE A PROGNOSI FAVOREVOLE CON GRAVE COMPROMISSIONE FUNZIONALE 0 0 70 9325 NEOPLASIE A PROGNOSI INFAUSTA O PROBABILMENTE SFAVOREVOLE[studiolegaleoldrini.it]
  • At discharge, the GAF score was significantly higher in delusional disorder, which suggests a better prognosis ( Table 1 ).[nature.com]
  • Ruling out secondary causes of psychosis is important because the causation of psychosis by a medical disorder or substance can dramatically change management and prognosis.[jgmh.org]

Etiology

  • Still the only major text on the subject, the completely revised and updated second edition of Parkinson's Disease: Diagnosis and Clinical Management comes at a time when specialists have made important advances in our understanding of the etiology, pathogenesis[books.google.de]
  • There is evidence, from the history, physical examination, or laboratory tests, of a specific organic factor that is judged to be etiologically related to the disturbance.[dsm.wikia.com]
  • Etiology • Biological theories • Psychological theories • Psychosocial theories 5. BIOLOGICAL THEORIES 1. Pathology: Cummings et al, Involvement of limbic system. Lo et al, significant neurological problems. 2.[slideshare.net]
  • Main Although the neurobiological mechanism underlying schizophrenia has been investigated extensively during the past few decades, its biochemical and molecular etiology remain unclear.[nature.com]
  • ., ingestion) Differential Organic etiologies associated with delusions neurodegenerative disorders infectious diseases (HIV, neurosyphillis, acute viral encephalitis) metabolic (hypercalcemia, hyponatremia, hypoglycemia, uremia) endocrinopathies (Addison's[medbullets.com]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology Etiology Clinical Features Differential Diagnosis Course and Prognosis Treatment 3. Epidemiology Studies suggest that between 2 and 8 percent of the elderly population experience some type of paranoid symptoms.[slideshare.net]
  • […] that the individual has exceptional abilities, wealth, or fame nihilistic - conviction that a major catastrophe will occur somatic - beliefs focused on bodily function or sensation erotomanic - false belief that another individual is in love with them Epidemiology[medbullets.com]
  • Epidemiology of persecutory ideation in an elderly population in the community. Am J Psychiatry 1984;141:1088-91. 71. Forsell Y, Henderson AS. Epidemiology of paranoid symptoms in an elderly population. Br J Psychiatry 1998;172:429-32. 72.[jgmh.org]
  • "Delusional Disorder - Epidemiology - Patient demographics". Retrieved 2013-04-15. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list ( link ) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list ( link ) Stephan Heckers, Deanna M.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Epidemiology Delusional disorder is infrequent in psychiatric practice, possibly because many patients are able to function tolerably well despite their delusions, and perhaps also because those who believe implicitly in their delusions may not feel the[theravive.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Ultimately, neuropsychiatry aims to prevent and reduce the suffering of individuals with the psychiatric symptoms of cerebral disorders.[books.google.com]
  • If you or someone you know is considering suicide, get help from a crisis or suicide prevention hotline. Try the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255.[healthline.com]
  • Can Delusional Disorder Be Prevented? There’s no known way to prevent delusional disorder. But early diagnosis and treatment can help lessen the disruption to the person's life, family, and friendships.[webmd.com]
  • Around 50% of people need to take long-term medication to prevent symptoms recurring. If a person's psychotic episodes are severe, they may need to be admitted to a psychiatric hospital for treatment. Read about treating psychosis.[nhs.uk]
  • Your Organic Mental Disorder Disability Case If you are disabled because of an Organic Mental Disorder so severe that it prevents employment, you may be entitled to Social Security Disability (SSDI) benefits.[disability-benefits-help.org]

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