Ovarian cysts are basically fluid filled sacs that develop on or inside the ovary.
Ovarian cysts seldom present with any signs and symptoms as these get corrected on their own. However, when cysts fail to resolve and enlarge in size interfering with the blood supply to the organ then it presents with the following signs and symptoms:
In addition to the above mentioned symptoms, ovarian cysts may also give rise to the following symptoms indicating medical emergency :
Usually a routine pelvic examination is sometimes enough to detect an ovarian cyst. If the examination does not reveal normal findings then further confirmatory tests may be advised. These include the following:
In many cases, the cysts get corrected by themselves requiring no treatment. In conditions, when the cysts enlarge in size and cause discomfort to the patients the following treatment regime is suggested:
Women who develop ovarian cysts while they are still having periods usually require little or no treatment. However, post menopausal women who develop cysts are more likely to develop ovarian cancer. When the cysts are of simple type then the chances of developing cancer is low .
Ovarian cysts normally resolve on their own seldom requiring any treatment. However, in cases, when the cysts are diagnosed as been cancerous in nature, it could lead to the following complications:
The most common type of cysts known as functional cysts develop as a result of regular menstrual cycle. Functional cysts are further divided into 2 types: Follicular and luteum cysts. Follicular cysts occur during menstrual cycle when the follicles fail to break open and release an egg. Such a phenomenon causes the fluid to get accumulated inside the follicle giving rise to development of follicular cysts .
Luteum cysts develop after the follicle has released the egg during the monthly ovulation cycle. Such type of cysts contains some amount of blood along with fluid.
In some cases, taking fertility drugs can also lead to development of large cysts on the ovaries. However, such a condition may get corrected after the menstrual cycle or after pregnancy.
Ovarian cysts are a common occurrence in almost all premenopausal women. It has also been estimated that about 18% of women in their postmenopausal stage develop ovarian cysts. The exact incidence of ovarian cysts however is unknown due to its high resolution rate and lack of appropriate recording of cases . Research has postulated the fact that ovarian cysts are the most common cause of fetal and infant tumor, with a prevalence rate of about 30%.
Under normal conditions, during each menstrual cycle every month, an egg is released by the follicles. In conditions when the follicle fails to break open and release an egg, the fluid continues to stay in the follicle and is not released giving rise to development of cysts. Such a type of cyst that develops within a follicle is known as follicular cysts . The second type of cyst known as the corpus luteum cysts develop after the egg is released from the follicle. A cyst of this type may also contain blood in it.
It is practically impossible to prevent the development of ovarian cysts. However, regular follow up examination with gynecologist can help in detection of cysts in its early stages.
Ovarian cysts are a common problem experienced by almost all women across the globe at least once in their lifetime. In majority of the cases, ovarian cysts that develop, present with no signs and symptoms, are harmless and cause no discomfort to the affected woman. Such type of cysts usually resolve by themselves requiring no treatment . However, those cysts that rupture are a significant cause of discomfort and produce serious debilitating symptoms.
Ovarian cysts are the ones which develop either on the surface or inside the ovary. These cysts develop in women in the child bearing age. In majority of the cases, the cysts resolve without any treatment.
There are 2 types of ovarian cysts: Follicular and corpus luteum cysts. The follicular cysts develop when the follicle fails to break and release egg during monthly menstrual cycle. In corpus luteum cysts, mass develops after the follicles have released the egg.
A pelvic examination to observe for tenderness and inflammation of the pelvic region is carried out. In addition, blood tests, pregnancy test, ultrasound of the pelvic are also necessary to confirm the condition.
When the cysts enlarge in size and cause discomfort, treatment would include administration of birth control pills to stop the process of ovulation. In addition, surgical procedures may also be required for removal of the cysts .