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Ovulation


Presentation

  • Although the most common presentation was vaginal bleeding or abdominal pain, more than 21% was found by ultrasound and rare individuals even presented with gastrointestinal symptom which may imply ruptured EP and hemorrhagic shock.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the present case, the patient had secondary anovulatory infertility and previous left cystoophorectomy for ovarian endometrioma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • To present a case of severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in a naturally conceived singleton pregnancy after ovulation induction. A 31-year-old woman with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) underwent ovulation induction therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract The case of a primarily infertile patient with polycystic ovaries (PCOS) resistant to medicamentous ovulation induction is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract We report on a 28-year old patient with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who presented with fever and laboratory markers of inflammation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Euthyroid
  • Despite being euthyroid at the start of the super-ovulation cycle, both patients demonstrated a rise in TSH to hypothyroid levels during ovulation induction, even in the absence of ongoing pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Chest Pain
  • A 33-year-old woman with a 5-week gestation had recently received CC for ovulation induction and presented with chest pain. An electrocardiogram showed a lateral and anterior wall myocardial infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Arthralgia
  • During the second year of ovulation induction, at the age of 27, she developed arthralgia that worsened and became migratory from the age of 31. Thrombocytopenia appeared at the age of 33.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Normal Hearing
  • Audiovestibular test battery revealed bilateral normal hearing, bilateral gaze nystagmus, rebound nystagmus beating toward the right side, loss of visual suppression with augmentation of caloric nystagmus in light on the left side, and delayed vestibular[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Nystagmus
  • Audiovestibular test battery revealed bilateral normal hearing, bilateral gaze nystagmus, rebound nystagmus beating toward the right side, loss of visual suppression with augmentation of caloric nystagmus in light on the left side, and delayed vestibular[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • But Kim Garbedian, a fertility specialist at Hannam Fertility Centre in Toronto, says many fertility doctors believe that women should have a workup after trying for just six months.[todaysparent.com]
HDL Increased
  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL) increased by 17%. Improved menstrual regularity and decreased hirsutism, acne, ovarian volume, BMI had been clearly noticed in the study group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • CONCLUSIONS: Early SPIOMET treatment for PCOS normalized post-treatment ovulation rates more than OC. Focusing PCOS treatment on early reduction of hepato-visceral fat may prevent part of later oligoanovulatory subfertility.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Therapeutic regimens for the treatment of malignant disease may compromise future fertility. One approach to circumvent this is the cryopreservation of embryos created before treatment for the malignancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Participants will be divided into 2 groups: IVF-ET single treatment group, and acupuncture and IVF-ET combined treatment group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Metabolic treatments likely work indirectly through the HPO axis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • There were 153 couples (40%) who underwent a second-line treatment (recombinant-FSH or laparoscopic electrocoagulation of the ovaries, LEO) and 52 couples (14%) a third-line treatment (IVF/ICSI), resulting in 44% and 63% treatment dependent live births[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • CONCLUSION: Subfertile women with a WHO II ovulation disorder have a good prognosis on live birth, and most did so after ovulation induction with clomiphene-citrate.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional.[wehavekids.com]

Etiology

  • OBJECTIVE: Infertility of ovulatory cause can account for a quarter of infertility etiologies and one of the questions in the patients' clinical history is about their self-perception of the regularity of their menstrual cycles.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • There was no relationship between the basal AOA concentrations and the type of infertility, the etiology of infertility or the pregnancy outcomes, whereas there was a relationship between the AOA and the duration of infertility.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Extramural Review MeSH terms Animals Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial Female Follicular Phase* Genetic Predisposition to Disease Granulosa Cell Tumor/genetics Granulosa Cell Tumor/pathology Granulosa Cell Tumor/physiopathology Humans Infertility, Female/etiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Overall, our data provides new insights into the etiology of ovarian carcinogenesis and may set the ground for innovative approaches aimed at prevention and early detection. Copyright 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Many PCOS patients suffer anovulation caused by hyperandrogenism, but its etiology remains unclear.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Estimation of the day-specific probabilities of conception: current state of the knowledge and the relevance for epidemiological research. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 20(suppl1):3-12 NCCWCH. 2013.[babycenter.in]
  • ., senior investigator, Reproductive Epidemiology Group, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences[babycenter.com]
  • Epidemiology 1990 ;1: 382 - 385 20. Psychoyos A. Hormonal control of uterine receptivity for nidation. J Reprod Fertil Suppl 1976 ;25: 17 - 28 21. Yoshinaga K. Uterine receptivity for blastocyst implantation.[doi.org]
  • , Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 9, 3, (296), (1995). M. L. Brizot, P. Kuhn, N. A. Bersinger, R. J. M. Snijders and K. H.[doi.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Moreover, the pathophysiology of ovarian and especially intrafollicular implantation is reviewed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prevention

  • The correlations between P and 17-OHP levels before and after menarche suggest that adrenal progesterone had prevented menarche.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • KEYWORDS: Incessant ovulation; NSAIDs; Ovarian cancer prevention[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Research does make clear that Plan B will not interrupt an existing pregnancy, and works primarily by preventing ovulation.[verywell.com]
  • These cases demonstrate that preservation of ovarian function is possible with a conservative approach and recurrent episodes may be prevented by suppression of ovulation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Recurrent ectopic pregnancy in the ipsilateral fallopian tube is rare, but it is important to be suspicious of the diagnosis to prevent serious morbidity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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