Papilloma of the bladder is defined as a benign lesion of the urinary tract that presents in older adults, with a strong predilection toward male gender. In rare cases, however, transformation into a malignant variant has been observed. Principal symptoms include hematuria, dysuria, and other voiding-related complaints. To make the diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct a detailed clinical assessment followed by invasive imaging studies of the urinary bladder (cystoscopy) and subsequent histopathological examination.
Patients of all ages can develop a papilloma of the bladder, but the majority of patients are older adults in their 50s and 60s    . There is a marked predominance of male patients, with a male-to-female ratio reportedly of 7:1 in certain studies   . The most common symptom identified in patients with a papilloma of the bladder is macroscopic hematuria  , whereas dysuria and obstructive/irritative symptoms are also frequently encountered  . Suprapubic pain, urinary retention, and pyuria were identified in rare cases and isolated studies observed that patients infrequently report more than one symptom . An asymptomatic course occurs in a minority of patients and the diagnosis can be made incidentally . The etiology and pathogenesis of papilloma of the bladder remain undisclosed, but cigarette smoking has been postulated as a possible risk factor  .
Entire Body System
- Loss of Appetite
These include: nausea and vomiting constipation or diarrhea fatigue increased bleeding or bruising increased risk of infection loss of appetite hair loss mouth sores The effects depend on the quantity of drugs used and how they are taken. [medicalnewstoday.com]
Some of the most common side effects of systemic chemotherapy include nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, hair loss, sores on the inside of the mouth or in the digestive tract, feeling tired or lacking energy (because of anemia, that is, low red blood [emedicinehealth.com]
- Aggressive Behavior
Aggressive behavior has been reported in a patient with urothelial papilloma who was receiving immunosuppressive therapy secondary to renal transplantation.  Urothelial papilloma may arise as a de novo neoplasm, or it may occur as a secondary papilloma [emedicine.medscape.com]
- Macroscopic Hematuria
The most common symptom identified in patients with a papilloma of the bladder is macroscopic hematuria, whereas dysuria and obstructive/irritative symptoms are also frequently encountered. [symptoma.com]
Clinical case: male patient aged 20 presenting at urology consultation with macroscopic hematuria of three days' evolution. Interrogation revealed that the latter was terminal, monosymptomatic and was not accompanied by clots. [new.medigraphic.com]
Initial symptoms included macroscopic hematuria in 9 cases of which 3 presented with clot retention, 2 with microscopic hematuria, 4 with dysuria, 2 with dysuria and microscopic hematuria, and 2 with bladder outlet obstruction; and 2 cases were asymptomatic [indianjcancer.com]
Visible blood in the urine is referred to as gross, or macroscopic, hematuria. Bladder cancer often causes no symptoms until it reaches an advanced stage that is difficult to cure. [emedicinehealth.com]
Clinically, patients with IPB present with symptoms similar to those of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, exhibiting intermittent and painless macroscopic hematuria accompanied by symptoms of urothelial irritation in some cases. [cjcr.amegroups.com]
- Urinary Incontinence
Some common ones are Cystitis - inflammation of the bladder, often from an infection Urinary incontinence - loss of bladder control Overactive bladder - a condition in which the bladder squeezes urine out at the wrong time Interstitial cystitis - a chronic [icdlist.com]
Orthotopic bladders have a risk of urinary incontinence. Prognosis The recurrence rate for superficial transitional cell cancer of the bladder is high (70% within five years). As many as 80% of patients have at least one recurrence. [patient.info]
The diagnosis of papilloma of the bladder may be difficult to make solely on clinical findings, but initial suspicion toward a lower urinary tract pathology can be raised only through a patient history and a physical examination. Physicians should determine the characteristics of symptoms, their progression, and severity, and if sufficient evidence is raised, imaging studies should be employed. Because papillomas grow in an endophytic fashion (the most superficial layer of the transitional urinary bladder epithelium is intact), urine cytology analysis is of little benefit , which is why cystoscopy is the procedure of choice. A typical finding is a pedunculated solitary mass that ranges from a few millimeters to several
A detailed medical history will reveal dysuric symptoms as well as hematuria and pain in the suprapubic region. Because papillomas grow in an endophytic fashion (the most superficial layer of the transitional urinary bladder epithelium is intact), urine cytology analysis is of little benefit , which is why cystoscopy is the procedure of choice. A typical finding is a pedunculated solitary mass that ranges from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter, mainly located in the trigone, the neck, or the lateral walls of the bladder   . In very rare cases, multiple papillomas can be identified . To confirm a papilloma of the bladder and exclude malignant disease, a biopsy with a subsequent histopathological examination is crucial. A normal urothelium without dysplastic changes and mitotic figures, formation of epithelial nests of different sizes containing adenoid structures from the epithelium to the lamina propria, and the "umbrella"-shaped appearance of the urothelial cells are some of the key findings that distinguish papilloma of the bladder from other potentially malignant lesions    .
Bladder cancer gene therapy 71 1 711 Treatment of nonTCC adenocarcinomasarcoma 723 Treatment of squamous cell carcinoma 729 Pediatric bladder tumours 735 Ancillary 749 Support groups 755 Index 763 Urheberrecht [books.google.de]
Do not blindly believe folk treatments. Folk remedies can only be part of the comprehensive treatment for medicaments prescribed by the doctor. [medicalj-center.info]
Treatment Treatment includes removal of the bladder tumors through cystoscopic or transurethral resection and fulguration or electrical destruction. [medigest.uk]
Your Urologist may discuss several types of treatment with you. [newcastleurology.org.uk]
Early diagnosis significantly improves the chance of successful treatment, but treatment is possible even in the later stages of bladder cancer. [medicalnewstoday.com]
Prognosis Non–muscle invasive bladder cancer has a good prognosis, with 5-year survival rates of 82-100%. [slideshare.net]
Patients with metastatic disease, in contrast, have a poor prognosis (5-year survival of 6%) 4. [radiopaedia.org]
The aim of this systematic review and analysis of the literature since 1990 to date is to contribute to unresolved issues regarding the biological behavior and prognosis of these neoplasms to establish some key points in the clinical and surgical management [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Prognosis and Predictive Factors The prognosis for inverted papilloma is quite good, with a recurrence rate of less than 5%, and the likelihood of synchronous or subsequent development of urothelial carcinoma 6% and 3%, respectively. [emedicine.medscape.com]
Patients with superficial tumours have an excellent prognosis with five-year survival rates between 80-90%. [patient.info]
The etiology and pathogenesis of papilloma of the bladder remain undisclosed, but cigarette smoking has been postulated as a possible risk factor. [symptoma.com]
Cancer of bladder 1) Incidence and prevalence. 2) Etiology/ Risk factors. 3) Pathology. 4) Clinical features. 5) Investigation and diagnosis. 6) Staging and Management. 7) Prognosis 18. [slideshare.net]
[…] exophytic neoplasm composed of a delicate fibrovascular core covered by normal-appearing urothelium (1,2). a low incidence – representing 1-4% of bladder tumours. cigarette smoking and occupational exposure to aromatic amines are the most important etiology [wsoonli15.wordpress.com]
Human papillomavirus is not an etiologic agent of urothelial inverted papillomas. Am J Surg Pathol. 2013 Aug. 37(8):1223-8. [Medline]. van Oers JM, Lurkin I, van Exsel AJ, et al. [emedicine.medscape.com]
Pathological and epidemiological characteristics of this distinct bladder lesion are outlined, comparison with transitional cell papilloma is investigated, and recommended therapy and follow-up are offered. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Epidemiology The risk factors for squamous papilloma are similar to those for other urothelial neoplasms; cigarette smoking and occupational exposure to aromatic amines are among the most important. [emedicine.medscape.com]
Definition / general Discrete papillary growth with a central fibrovascular core lined by urothelium of normal thickness and cytology Epidemiology Uncommon if use restrictive diagnostic criteria (less than 1% of bladder tumors) Tends to occur in younger [pathologyoutlines.com]
Journal Journal ID (nlm-ta): Pan Afr Med J Journal ID (iso-abbrev): Pan Afr Med J Journal ID (publisher-id): PAMJ Title: The Pan African Medical Journal Publisher: The African Field Epidemiology Network ISSN (Electronic): 1937-8688 Publication date (Electronic [scienceopen.com]
However, the occurrence of upper urinary tract localization is not surprising when considering how the urothelial-lined tissue behaves as a single pathophysiological unit. [spandidos-publications.com]
If was discovered papilloma shown mandatory treatment to prevent transition to malignancy. Treatment methods are determined by the degree of proliferation of papillomas in the urinary bladder and can be assigned only by a physician. [medicalj-center.info]
Preventive Services Task Force recommends against routine screening for bladder cancer in adults. A 24 Patients with symptoms of bladder cancer should be evaluated with cystoscopy and bladder wash cytology. [aafp.org]
Is It Possible to Prevent Bladder Cancer? No sure way exists to prevent bladder cancer. You can reduce your risk factors, however. If you smoke, quit. However, the risk of bladder cancer does not diminish. [emedicinehealth.com]
Prevention The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) does not recommend routine screening for bladder cancer, as there is little evidence that screening improves long-term health outcomes. [medicalnewstoday.com]
So far, prevention strategies are limited to the elimination of risk factors while treatment of bladder cancer is invasive and intensive in terms of costs and time [ 3 ]. [infectagentscancer.biomedcentral.com]
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- Guo A, Liu A, Teng X. The pathology of urinary bladder lesions with an inverted growth pattern. Chin J Cancer Res. 2016;28(1):107-121.