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Paragonimus Africanus


Presentation

  • In humans, the earliest stages of paragonimiasis may present an elusive clinical picture, and be asymptomatic or scarcely symptomatic.[who.int]
  • On presentation, his head computed tomography (CT) scan showed a calcified cystic lesion in the left anterior frontal area.[jcm.asm.org]
  • This systems allows rhabditophorans to adhere and release quickly from the substrate, even several times in a second. [3] The secretory organs of rhabditophorans, the protonephridia , also have a unique anatomy in which the flame cells and tube cells present[en.wikipedia.org]
  • All those who fulfilled our inclusion criteria and presented with an informed consent from parent or legal guardians were enrolled in the study. Data were collected using standard data forms.[hsd-fmsb.org]
  • In many individuals in whom the infection is eventually confirmed, small numbers of eggs are present intermittently in the sputum and feces. For patients with light infections, up to seven sputum examinations have been recommended.[med-chem.com]
Pain
  • The diagnostic signs include cough, blood-tinged sputum and, less frequently, hemoptysis, distressing chest pain and dyspnea. The drugs of choice for treatment of paragonimiasis are praziquantel and bithionol.[genome.jp]
  • Dyspnea, chest pain, fever, and constitutional symptoms are found less frequently. Chest X-ray findings are variable and nondiagnostic.[jcm.asm.org]
  • If the larvae remain in the abdomen, some patients may have abdominal pain, intra-abdominal masses, tenderness, fever, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and eosinophilia.[med-chem.com]
  • Conversely, when worms reach the lungs, symptoms may be significant and typically include chronic cough with blood-stained sputum; chest pain with dyspnoea and fever; pleural effusion and pneumothorax are possible complications.[who.int]
Falling
  • TERM Fall '08 PROFESSOR Staff TAGS Cestoda, Hymenolepis diminuta Sign up to access 24/7 study resources for your classes What students are saying As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study[coursehero.com]
  • Keywords: Photogallery Paragonimus Westermani Egg In Sputum: Details info of the Paragonimus Westermani Egg In Sputum The number of images: Years of info publishing: 2017 Falling In Reverse Wallpaper 2014 Jean Jacket Styles For Men Lohans Giving Alms[homesonthenet.info]
El Salvador
  • The boy was from El Salvador, had been in the United States for 14 months, and had been treated with phenytoin for his seizures.[jcm.asm.org]
Constitutional Symptom
  • Dyspnea, chest pain, fever, and constitutional symptoms are found less frequently. Chest X-ray findings are variable and nondiagnostic.[jcm.asm.org]
Weight Loss
  • The patient's mother reported that he had a 20-pound weight loss over the previous year. No diarrhea was reported. His physical activity was normal and he did not complain of fatigue.[jcm.asm.org]
Sputum
  • Copro-DNA detection was attempted using 23 faecal samples (18 from sputum egg-negative and five from sputum egg-positive individuals). Copro-DNA was detected in four of the five sputum egg-positive individuals.[researchonline.jcu.edu.au]
  • […] homes on the net › Paragonimus Westermani Egg In Sputum Loading...[homesonthenet.info]
  • […] diagnosed tuberculosis with a negative sputum smear (smear-negative tuberculosis); poor or no response to tuberculosis treatment.[who.int]
  • As the cysts rupture, a cough develops with increased production of viscous blood‑tinged sputum (rusty sputum, which may have a foul fish odor) and increasing chest pain.[med-chem.com]
  • The stool and sputum samples collected were preserved using 10% formalin solution and transported to the IMPM Laboratory in Yaounde for parasitological analysis.[hsd-fmsb.org]
Cough
  • Paragonimus -positive monkeys coughed more than uninfected monkeys. Experimental de-worming led to reduction in parasite intensity and a corresponding reduction of coughing to baseline levels in infected monkeys.[kns.cnki.net]
  • Paragonimus-positive monkeys coughed more than uninfected monkeys. Experimental de-worming led to reduction in parasite intensity and a… CONTINUE READING[semanticscholar.org]
  • The adult flukes live in the lungs and lay eggs that are coughed up through the airways and either expectorated in the sputum or swallowed and defecated.[who.int]
  • Cough being the most predominant. In addition, we did not register any case of hemoptysis. Cases of coinfection were moreover found in the studied population.[hsd-fmsb.org]
  • Eggs escape from the encapsulated tissue through the bronchioles, are coughed up and voided in the sputum, or are swallowed and passed out in the feces.[med-chem.com]
Chest Pain
  • The diagnostic signs include cough, blood-tinged sputum and, less frequently, hemoptysis, distressing chest pain and dyspnea. The drugs of choice for treatment of paragonimiasis are praziquantel and bithionol.[genome.jp]
  • Dyspnea, chest pain, fever, and constitutional symptoms are found less frequently. Chest X-ray findings are variable and nondiagnostic.[jcm.asm.org]
  • Conversely, when worms reach the lungs, symptoms may be significant and typically include chronic cough with blood-stained sputum; chest pain with dyspnoea and fever; pleural effusion and pneumothorax are possible complications.[who.int]
  • As the cysts rupture, a cough develops with increased production of viscous blood‑tinged sputum (rusty sputum, which may have a foul fish odor) and increasing chest pain.[med-chem.com]
Night Sweats
  • He occasionally had fever but no chills or night sweats. The patient's mother reported that he had a 20-pound weight loss over the previous year. No diarrhea was reported. His physical activity was normal and he did not complain of fatigue.[jcm.asm.org]
Tonic-Clonic Seizure
  • He was diagnosed with symptomatic localized epilepsy with secondary generalized tonic/clonic seizures. He was started on carbamazepine (Tegretol) and followed monthly by the Neurology Service.[jcm.asm.org]

Workup

Pulmonary Infiltrate
  • Leukocytosis with prominent eosinophilia and transient pulmonary infiltrate occurs during this time. Signs and symptoms due to the involvement of ectopic locations can also be seen at this stage.[jcm.asm.org]
Paragonimus Westermani
  • Tropenmedizin und Parasitologie 28(4): 539-544, 1977 Karyotypic studies of lung flukes paragonimus iloktsuenensis paragonimus sadoensis and paragonimus westermani.[eurekamag.com]
  • […] homes on the net › Paragonimus Westermani Egg In Sputum Loading...[homesonthenet.info]
  • In 1889, Leuckart demonstrated that the fluke found by Kerbert in 1877 in the lungs of the Bengal tiger in Amsterdam was the identical trematode, Paragonimus westermani , causing endemic hemoptysis in Formosa and Japan.[isradiology.org]
  • […] bile duct hepatic artery hepatic portal vein all flukes in this order encyst in a second intermediate host as metacercaria Paragonimus westermani main one Paragonimus africanus Paragonimus mexicanus Paragonimus kellicotti Paragonimus westermani location[quizlet.com]
Toxocara Canis
  • In vivo inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase decreases lung injury induced by Toxocara canis in experimentally infected rats. Parasite Immunol. 24 : 511 -520. Gopinath, R. N., and T. B. Nutman. 2000. Parasitic diseases, p. 1143 -1171. In J.[jcm.asm.org]
Fasciolopsis Buski
  • The eggs of Paragonimus spp. may be mistaken for those of other operculate trematodes, including Clonorchis sinensis, which are much smaller (26 to 35 μm), and those of Fasciola hepatica and Fasciolopsis buski, which are considerably larger (130 to 140[jcm.asm.org]

Treatment

  • The former is preferred for the simplicity of its regimen, which ensures higher compliances to treatment.[who.int]
  • Central and South America Paragonimus kellicotti location mid western North America Diagnosis of Paragonimiasis operculated eggs in sputum or feces 80-118 um by 48-60 um flattened operculum serologic and intradermal skin tests used to screen populations Treatment[quizlet.com]
  • The chapter concludes with a summary of information on diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of these trematodes.[scinapse.io]
  • The drugs of choice for treatment of paragonimiasis are praziquantel and bithionol.[genome.jp]

Etiology

  • When told of this finding in one of his former patients, Patrick Manson suspected that this fluke might be the etiology of the benign hemoptysis be encountered so often in his practice in Amoy, China.[isradiology.org]

Epidemiology

  • The Trematoda class contains several species identified as the causal agents of these diseases whose biological cycle, geographical distribution and epidemiology have been well characterised.[scinapse.io]
  • Abstract : An epidemiological study was carried out in 2004-2005 at the anti-tuberculosis centre of Divo (Ivory Coast) to collect sera from patients who consulted for tuberculosis suspicion and to estimate the seroprevalence of human paragonimosis in[hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr]
  • . & Asor, J.E. (1998) Epidemiology of paragonimiasis in Cross River basin, Nigeria: prevalence and intensity of infection due to Paragonimus uterobilateralis . Public Health , 112, 119–122.[biotaxa.org]
  • Epidemiology Paragonimus spp. is a common parasite of crustacean-eating mammals such as tigers, leopards, domestic cats, dogs, mongooses, opossums and monkeys (reservoir final hosts).[who.int]
  • Epidemiology: There are approximately 200 million people at risk and 22 million people with paragonimiasis worldwide, and 10 species are recognized as causing human disease. P. westermani is the most common human pathogen.[med-chem.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Paragonimus kellicotti location mid western North America Diagnosis of Paragonimiasis operculated eggs in sputum or feces 80-118 um by 48-60 um flattened operculum serologic and intradermal skin tests used to screen populations Treatment of paragonimiasis Prevention[quizlet.com]
  • The chapter concludes with a summary of information on diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of these trematodes.[scinapse.io]
  • In cases of cerebral lesions, higher doses must be given but only in combination with steroids to prevent epilepsy secondary to perilesional edema. Older drugs like bithionol and niclofolan are also effective but more toxic ( 15 ).[jcm.asm.org]
  • Bithionol is an alternative drug, which is available under an Investigational New Drug (IND) protocol from the CDC Drug Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Med Letter).[med-chem.com]

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