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Parasitic Disease


Presentation

  • Immunological techniques present the advantages of being applicable during all periods of the disease, but fundamentally during the invasive or acute period, as well as to other situations in which coprological techniques may present problems.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Diarrhea
  • There were 2 cases of parasitic infection: Entamoeba histolytica in an asymptomatic 6-year-old and Giardia intestinalis in a 7-year-old with diarrhea. In neither case was there any secondary spread.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Here are some of the common parasitic disease symptoms: 2 Itching, redness and irritation around the site of infection Diarrhea Gas Upset stomach Greasy stools Dehydration Stomach cramps Swollen lymph nodes Muscle aches and pains Most parasitic diseases[curesdecoded.com]
  • The symptoms are typically, watery diarrhea, abdominal cramping, bloating and alternating periods of constipation. Symptoms generally begin a week or so after ingestion of the contaminated item and typically last for several weeks.[dhhr.wv.gov]
  • However, extreme cases may cause weight loss, dehydration from chronic diarrhea, symptoms which mimic pneumonia, anemia, fatigue, Lyme disease from ticks, Malaria from mosquitoes, or a host of uncomfortable bowel syndromes.[medicalook.com]
  • Symptoms of anisakiasis include nausea, vomiting, abdominal distention and pain, diarrhea, blood and/or mucus in the stool, and fever. Allergic reactions can also occur.[medicinenet.com]
Neonatal Jaundice
  • However, due to the increased incidence of neonatal jaundice and morbidity we would recommend close observation of the neonates in the immediate postpartum period.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • Since malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum can be severe and cause complications, prompt workup and assessment of parasite burden in the blood is warranted.[clinicaladvisor.com]
Pericardial Effusion
  • In amoebiasis and echinococcosis, the pericardium is the structure most frequently involved with consequent pericardial effusion, acute pericarditis, cardiac tamponade or constrictive pericarditis.[heart.bmj.com]

Treatment

  • Using the knowledge gained from the development of PFTIs for the treatment of cancer, researchers are currently investigating the use of PFTIs for the treatment of eukaryotic pathogens.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Refugees should receive screening and/or presumptive treatment for soil-transmitted helminths, schistosomiasis and strongyloidiasis post-arrival according to the pre-departure treatment they received.[refugeehealthta.org]

Etiology

  • The molecular characterization of the Entamoeba species in the affected tissues underlines the importance of an etiological diagnosis using specific and sensitive techniques that avoid the rapid destruction of tissues and the irreversible sequelae to[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • - Antiparasitic agents and resistance -- Apicomplexa and Microsporidia -- Sarcomastigophora--the amebas -- Sarcomastigophora--the flagellates -- Intestinal nematodes -- Tissue nematodes -- Cestodes -- Trematodes -- Infectious diseases: syndromes and etiologies[worldcat.org]
  • P. (2001) Etiology of Gastroenteritis in Sentinel General Practices in The Netherlands.[scindeks.ceon.rs]
  • During outbreaks of diarrhea in which G lamblia was implicated as the etiologic agent, attack rates ranged from 17-54%.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Epidemiology

  • The focus of this review is to consider the potential candidate genes that have been elucidated as part of molecular, genomic and genetic studies of parasite biology, host-parasite interactions and classic genetic epidemiology studies on parasitic disease[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • […] respected and read medical text in all of pharmacology, Goodman & Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics represents the pinnacle of authority and accuracy in describing the actions and uses of therapeutic agents in relation to physiology and pathophysiology[books.google.cl]
  • As with E histolytica, invasiveness is the hallmark of the pathophysiology of balantidiasis.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • Prevention is especially important. There are no vaccines for parasitic diseases. Some medicines are available to treat parasitic infections.[nlm.nih.gov]
  • The only ways to reduce your chances of getting dengue fever in India are wearing clothing to prevent mosquito bites and using mosquito netting at night. There is currently no vaccine or drug available to prevent infection.[livestrong.com]
  • Thus, following simple sanitation procedures, such as washing hands, cooking meat, and keeping human waste separate from humans, food supplies, pets, and livestock can prevent many diseases caused by parasites.[britannica.com]
  • Prevention mainly concerns measures to avoid individual infection by considering the different human infection sources. Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] is a parasitic disease transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito. 1 2 People traveling to subtropical regions or who have compromised immune systems are at a greater risk of contracting parasitic diseases. 2 Parasitic disease causes can be prevented[curesdecoded.com]

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