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Parasitic Intestinal Disease


Presentation

  • They are transmitted by eggs present in human faeces which in turn contaminate soil in areas where sanitation is poor.[who.int]
  • The present report includes some of the scientific information reviewed by the WHO Scientific Group of Intestinal Protozoan and Helmintic Infections in 1980.[who.int]
  • Children are particularly susceptible if they are not thoroughly cleaned after coming into contact with infected soil that is present in environments that they may frequently visit such as sandboxes and school playgrounds.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Data are presented separately for a only adults and b only children.[journals.plos.org]
Weight Loss
  • These symptoms negatively impact nutritional status, including decreased absorption of micronutrients, loss of appetite, weight loss, and intestinal blood loss that can often result in anemia.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Cyclospora infect the small intestine and most commonly cause watery diarrhea; other symptoms include abdominal cramping, nausea and weight loss.[cnn.com]
  • When amoebas spread to the liver and cause liver abscess, symptoms can include fever, nausea, vomiting, and pain in the upper right portion of the abdomen, weight loss and an enlarged liver.[drugs.com]
  • Dangerous weight loss despite eating plenty of food.[paleoleap.com]
El Salvador
  • Corrales LF, Izurieta R, Moe CL (2006) Association between intestinal parasitic infections and type of sanitation system in rural El Salvador. Trop Med Int Health 11: 1821–1831. View Article Google Scholar 62.[doi.org]
Recurrent Bronchitis
  • Only protozoa infection was detected in 31 patients: 18 of them with asthma, 6 - with recurrent bronchitis, 3 - with COPD, 2 – with chronic bronchitis, 1 – with acute bronchitis, and 1 – with pneumonia.[erj.ersjournals.com]
Overeating
  • The patient continued to have frequent binge episodes and inappropriate eating patterns, gaining weight consequently over a normal range, despite successful treatment of the condition. No purging behavior was detected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • WHO recommends annual treatment in areas where prevalence rate of soil-transmitted helminthiases is between 20% and 50%, and, a bi-annual treatment in areas with prevalence rates of over 50%.[who.int]
  • We found statistically significant increases in household latrine ownership, use of an improved water source, access to water, and face washing behavior over the past 7 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • If untreated, the illness may last over a month and could continue over a recurring cycle. To test for the presence of cyclospora, stool specimens must be collected and sent to a laboratory. Cases have been reported across 27 states this summer.[cnn.com]
  • Over half of the students (53.1 %) were not wearing shoes at the time of the interview, and geophagy was reported among 17.2 % of students.[doi.org]
Diarrhea
  • Common symptoms are fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea, which is often bloody.[biomerieux-diagnostics.com]
  • Because other conditions can cause bloody diarrhea, and because there are other types of infectious diarrhea, information about bowel disease in your family and details of your travels are particularly important.[drugs.com]
  • NOS ( R19.7 ) functional diarrhea ( K59.1 ) infectious gastroenteritis and colitis NOS ( A09 ) neonatal diarrhea (noninfective) ( P78.3 ) psychogenic diarrhea ( F45.8 ) parasitic NEC B82.9 Infestation B88.9 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code B88.9 Infestation,[icd10data.com]
  • Cyclospora infect the small intestine and most commonly cause watery diarrhea; other symptoms include abdominal cramping, nausea and weight loss.[cnn.com]
Abdominal Pain
  • Intestinal worms produce a wide range of symptoms including intestinal manifestations (diarrhoea, abdominal pain), general malaise and weakness. Hookworms cause chronic intestinal blood loss that result in anaemia.[who.int]
  • Most infected individuals harbour only one worm, but this may become so long as to disturb gastrointestinal motility and secretions and to cause abdominal pains and nausea.[apps.who.int]
  • When symptoms of fever and abdominal pain, especially on the right upper side, suggest a possible liver abscess, you may need an ultrasound or CT scan of the liver.[drugs.com]
  • Common symptoms are fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea, which is often bloody.[biomerieux-diagnostics.com]
  • Gastrointestinal conditions include inflammation of the small and/or large intestine, diarrhea/dysentery, abdominal pains, and nausea/vomiting.[en.wikipedia.org]
Nausea
  • Gastrointestinal conditions include inflammation of the small and/or large intestine, diarrhea/dysentery, abdominal pains, and nausea/vomiting.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Acute symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, and headache. Shigella is frequently found in water polluted with human feces.[biomerieux-diagnostics.com]
  • It causes diarrhea and, often, nausea and vomiting. The symptoms usually last a few days.[kidshealth.org]
  • Most infected individuals harbour only one worm, but this may become so long as to disturb gastrointestinal motility and secretions and to cause abdominal pains and nausea.[apps.who.int]
  • Cyclospora infect the small intestine and most commonly cause watery diarrhea; other symptoms include abdominal cramping, nausea and weight loss.[cnn.com]
Vomiting
  • Ingesting the parasite can also sometimes cause vomiting, which can expel the worm from the body.[health.com]
  • Symptoms of shigellosis (bacillary dysentery) include abdominal pain, cramps, diarrhea, fever, vomiting, and blood, pus, or mucus in stool.[biomerieux-diagnostics.com]
  • Malaria causes fever, chills, sweats, headache, body ache, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. Symptoms typically appear seven to nine days after infection.[livestrong.com]
  • Gastrointestinal conditions include inflammation of the small and/or large intestine, diarrhea/dysentery, abdominal pains, and nausea/vomiting.[en.wikipedia.org]

Treatment

  • The patient continued to have frequent binge episodes and inappropriate eating patterns, gaining weight consequently over a normal range, despite successful treatment of the condition. No purging behavior was detected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Also, patients who consumed immunosuppressive drugs in combination with 5ASA, corticosteroid and biological treatment showed the highest percentage of parasitic infection among those who had 3 parasites.[ecco-ibd.eu]
  • WHO recommends annual treatment in areas where prevalence rate of soil-transmitted helminthiases is between 20% and 50%, and, a bi-annual treatment in areas with prevalence rates of over 50%.[who.int]
  • This requires treatment of infected persons, health education, adequate treatment and disposal of sewage, and an effective system of meat inspection.[apps.who.int]
  • Measures including education on personal hygiene, environmental sanitation, water supply and treatment should be taken into account to reduce the prevalence of intestinal parasites.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Abstract Backgrounds: Intestinal Parasitic Infection (IPI) plays a vital role in the prognosis of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA).[nepjol.info]
  • Prognosis Drug treatment can cure amebiasis within a few weeks. However, because medication cannot keep you from getting infected again, repeat episodes of amebiasis may occur if you continue to live in or travel to areas where amoebas are found.[drugs.com]

Etiology

  • The rate of increase in prevalence of allergic disease in some countries implies environmental exposures may be important etiological factors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Background: The rate of increase in prevalence of allergic disease in some countries implies environmental exposures may be important etiological factors.[doi.org]

Epidemiology

  • A review of the geographic distribution and epidemiology of leishmaniasis in the New World. ‏ الصفحة 54 - Hendrix TR: Epithelial and other mucosal lesions of the jejunum in giardiasis. Jejunal biopsy studies.[books.google.com]
  • This longitudinal epidemiologic study was conducted among 630 students in rural Ethiopia.[doi.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Rather, anthelmintic drugs now inhibit an enzyme that is necessary for the worm to make the substance that prevents the worm from being digested.For example, tapeworms are usually treated with a medicine taken by mouth.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Improvements in hygiene and sanitation promoted both by the SAFE strategy for trachoma and health extension program combined with preventive chemotherapy during enhanced outreach services are plausible explanations for the changing patterns of intestinal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Improved accessibility to clean water is also promoted, but whether or not water is used for hygiene is more important than absolute access to clean water in trachoma prevention.[dx.doi.org]

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