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Pasteurella


Presentation

  • To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of abscess formation within regenerate bone associated with this organism and its late presentation in previously well-healed bone is surprising.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report a fatal case of M. haemolytica septicemia in a seven-month-old infant who presented with prolonged fever, sepsis, and pneumonitis without discernable preceding history of animal bites or contact.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The present case study describes an interesting case of Pasteurella infection involving an aortic endograft managed nonoperatively by percutaneous drainage and graft preservation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The clinical presentation of the disease includes subcutaneous abscesses, respiratory tract colonization and systemic infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In addition, a large number ofsera analyzed presented high OD values for both microorganisms independently of their originregion. Serum avidity was also evaluated, by means of an assay based on antibody desorption byurea.[ri.conicet.gov.ar]
Dog Bite
  • Exudates from the open wound of her dog-bite site, together with the saliva of the dog were submitted for bacteriological examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Infections involving bone and joints are well recognized, but have not been previously reported due to Pasteurella canis without a history of penetrating dog bite.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Most human infections with P multocida occur as localized abscesses of the extremities or face as a result of cat or dog bites ( Fig. 29-2 ). Historically, such infections were first associated with tiger bites in India.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Wound Infection
  • We report a case of Pasteurella dagmatis wound infection in an immunocompromised HIV infected patient after bite by a marine carnivore in Caribbean Sea (Dominican Republic), presumably a muraenidae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Most reported Pasteurella infections in humans involve skin and soft tissues, often after an animal bite, scratch, or lick to an open wound.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Common symptoms of pasteurellosis in humans include swelling, cellulitis, and bloody drainage at the site of the wound.[en.wikipedia.org]
Swelling
  • Patients tend to exhibit swelling, cellulitis, and some bloody drainage at the wound site. Infection may also move to nearby joints where it can cause swelling and arthritis (not to mention a lot of pain).[web.archive.org]
  • Common symptoms of pasteurellosis in humans include swelling, cellulitis, and bloody drainage at the site of the wound.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • He may develop swelling, redness, warmth, and tenderness of the skin, sometimes with discharge of pus. In some children, lymph nodes in the area of the infected skin may become enlarged and chills and fever can occur.[healthychildren.org]
Asymptomatic
  • 'Asymptomatic bacteriuria' (ASB) is isolation of a specified quantitative count of bacteria in an appropriately collected urine specimen obtained from a person without symptoms or signs referable to urinary infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Physician
  • CONCLUSION: Because unusual pathogens may cause a conjunctivitis outbreak, physicians should not insist on empirical treatment. Taking conjunctival culture and antibiotic switching according to antibiogram may be helpful.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Intestinal Disease
  • The latter infect a variety of rodent species but can cause severe intestinal disease in humans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Chronic Abscess
  • In humans, Pasteurella causes chronic abscesses on the extremities or face following cat or dog bites. Structure, Classification, and Antigenic Types Pasteurellae are small, nonmotile, Gram-negative coccobacilli often exhibiting bipolar staining.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Renal Stone
  • Here we report an abscess containing P. stuartii in a patient with a history of UTI, renal stones, and stent placement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

Francisella Tularensis
  • Francisella Clinical Manifestations Francisella tularensis causes tularemia, with high fever, acute septicemia and toxemia. Oral infection causes typhoid-like disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • ., 1923 accepted as Francisella tularensis (McCoy & Chapin 1912) Dorofe'ev, 1947 Fossil range Original description Descriptive notes Taxonomic remark Nom. cons. Taxonomic citation IRMNG (2018). Pasteurella Trevisan, 1887 (Approved Lists, 1980).[irmng.org]
Streptococcus Pneumoniae
  • The most common isolated bacteria were Pasteurella canis (25%), penicillin-nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae (7.1%), and Granulicatella adiacens (3.6%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Leptospira Interrogans
  • We show for the first time that human ficolin-2 recognizes the nonpathogenic spirochete Leptospira biflexa serovar Patoc, but not the pathogenic Leptospira interrogans serovar Kennewicki strain Fromm.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • RESULTS: The conjunctival culture positivity rate was 35.7% in eyes with conjunctivitis resistant to the empirical treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment Your pediatrician will prescribe antibacterial treatment as soon as cellulitis is found. In most cases, children are treated with oral amoxicillin clavulanate because the exact cause of the cellulitis may not be known.[healthychildren.org]
  • Treatment of ASB is required for above situations. We report an 11-year-old-girl with neurogenic bladder who made clean intermittent catheterization and had Pasteurella aerogenes as an ASB agent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] swelling, arthritis, and abscesses.Pasteurella spp. are generally susceptible to chloramphenicol, the penicillins, tetracycline, and the macrolides.The common occurrence of the bacteria is a reason to be medically proactive and defensive (antibacterial treatments[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Vaccines are of limited value and aggressive treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics is required to control human infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • What Is the Prognosis? When appropriately treated with antibacterials, Pasteurella-related cellulitis usually clears up in about a week.[healthychildren.org]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology Pasteurella species are primarily pathogens of cattle, sheep, fowl, and rabbits. Humans become infected by handling infected animals.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Hodgson , BSc, PhD, MBA 1 Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Penicuik, near Edinburgh EH26 0PZ Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Kings Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ Epidemiology Research Unit, Scottish Agricultural College[veterinaryrecord.bmj.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • In conclusion, this study provide novel insight in the binding and complement activating capacity of the lectin pathway initiation molecules ficolin-2 and ficolin-3 towards relevant Gram-negative pathogens of pathophysiological relevance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prevention

  • Following an animal bite, especially one involving the hands, your doctor may prescribe a preventive antibacterial medicine to stop an infection from occurring.[healthychildren.org]
  • . : Established Pasteurella osteomyelitis and septic arthritis secondary to animal bites can be largely prevented through appropriate wound management at the time of injury.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It is potentially preventable by the avoidance of contact between young infants and the saliva of household pets, in particular by assiduous hand hygiene.[link.springer.com]
  • The best prevention methods for Y enterocolitica infections are adequate water purification and milk pasteurization.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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