Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Peritoneal Adhesion


Presentation

  • The present study presents an investigation of the tissue reaction after 2, 4 and 8 days in an animal model.[frontiersin.org]
  • CONCLUSIONS: Myofibroblasts are the main connective tissue cells present in human peritoneal adhesions, and mast cells play a direct role in peritoneal adhesion formation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This book presents the current knowledge on the aetiopathogenesis of adhesion formation as well as the available methods for their prevention and control.[books.google.com]
  • This review article focuses on the pathophysiology, causation, clinical presentation, and diagnosis of peritoneal adhesions, mainly from a gynecologic perspective.[ijri.org]
Chronic Abdominal Pain
  • Most adhesions are asymptomatic but can cause female infertility, small bowel obstruction (SBO) and chronic abdominal pain.[uu.diva-portal.org]
  • Postsurgical peritoneal adhesions lead to severe complications including chronic abdominal pain, female infertility, and small bowel obstruction. Adhesions can be minimized by introducing a physical barrier film between the tissues after surgery.[ingentaconnect.com]
  • Another valid, albeit less definitive, sequela of intra-abdominal adhesions is chronic abdominal pain.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Although many women develop adhesions after surgery and never know it, in some women adhesions can cause serious complications, including: Pelvic pain: One study found that 82 percent of 224 patients suffering from chronic abdominal pain had adhesions[healthywomen.org]
  • An evaluation of laparoscopic adhesiolysis in patients with chronic abdominal pain. Surg Endosc 1995;9:802-4. Paul CP.[adhesions.org]

Workup

  • Cost-effective workup for tonsillitis. Testing, treatment, and potential complications. Postgrad Med. 2003 Mar;113(3):115-8, 121. [PubMed: 12647478] 9. Galioto NJ. Peritonsillar Abscess. Am Fam Physician. 2017 Apr 15;95(8):501-506.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] out other causes) Intraoral ultrasonography Computed tomography (CT) of the head and neck with intravenous (IV) contrast (if incision and drainage fails, if the patient cannot open his or her mouth, or if the patient is young and uncooperative) See Workup[emedicine.medscape.com]

Treatment

  • As explosive endpoints, we will examination the expression of VEGF-A in peritoneal cavity during the treatment.[clinicaltrials.gov]
  • The inevitable post-inflammatory fibrosis and adhesion often compromises future treatment in peritoneal dialysis patients. Here, we describe a patient who experienced an unusual form of peritoneal adhesion that made her give up peritoneal dialysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Overcoming the numerous stimuli to adhesion formation is not an easy task, and there remains no currently available treatment for the prevention of adhesions without certain caveats to its use.[digital.library.adelaide.edu.au]

Prognosis

  • Further, the peritoneal adhesion may impede treatment of primary tumor, such as operation or chemotherapy, lead to a poor prognosis.[clinicaltrials.gov]
  • Prognosis The prognosis of pemphigus has markedly improved over the last decades with steroid therapy. Nevertheless, mortality remains an issue (5% of cases).[orpha.net]
  • Doppler probe pressure may elicit movement of the debris within the abscess heterogeneous, poorly defined margins may also demonstrate surrounding hyperechoic rim color flow or power Doppler may demonstrate circumferential hyperemia 8 Treatment and prognosis[radiopaedia.org]
  • Treatment consists of immunosuppressive agents; prognosis is variable, but many patients have a higher than normal mortality rate. Bullous pemphigoid This disease is called pemphigoid rather than pemphigus. It looks like pemphigus but really isn’t![pemphigus.org]
  • Outlook (Prognosis) Peritonsillar abscess goes away with treatment in most cases. The infection may return in the future.[mountsinai.org]

Etiology

  • AIM: To summarize the most common etiologic factors and describe the pathophysiology in the formation of peritoneal adhesions, to outline their clinical significance and consequences, and to evaluate the pharmacologic, mechanical, and surgical adjuvant[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The etiologic factors could be either congenital or acquired causes.[ijri.org]
  • Liakakos T, Thomakos N, Fine PM et al (2001) Peritoneal adhesions: etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical significance. Recent advances in prevention and management. Dig Surg 18:260–273 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar 19.[link.springer.com]

Epidemiology

  • METHODS: We performed an extensive MEDLINE search of the internationally published English literature of all medical and epidemiological journal articles, textbooks, scientific reports, and scientific journals from 1940 to 1997.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Summary Epidemiology Prevalence is estimated at approximately 1/2,630. Clinical description Onset occurs on average at 50-60 years, although childhood onset forms have been described.[orpha.net]
  • In addition, they should greatly facilitate further epidemiological studies in pemphigus.[ojrd.biomedcentral.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • AIM: To summarize the most common etiologic factors and describe the pathophysiology in the formation of peritoneal adhesions, to outline their clinical significance and consequences, and to evaluate the pharmacologic, mechanical, and surgical adjuvant[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Liakakos T, Thomakos N, Fine PM et al (2001) Peritoneal adhesions: etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical significance. Recent advances in prevention and management. Dig Surg 18:260–273 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar 19.[link.springer.com]
  • Pathophysiology [ edit ] Adhesions form as a natural part of the body’s healing process after surgery in a similar way that a scar forms.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • This review article focuses on the pathophysiology, causation, clinical presentation, and diagnosis of peritoneal adhesions, mainly from a gynecologic perspective.[ijri.org]

Prevention

  • The results show the potential of the novel dual crosslinked HA-based NFMs in prolonged adhesion prevention.[pubs.rsc.org]
  • In this book, experts in the field address peritoneal repair, the role of surgical technique to prevent adhesions, adhesion formation, complications of adhesions, and developing technology in the prevention of adhesions.[books.google.de]
  • It is concluded that fibrin sealant prevents intraperitoneal adhesion formation in the present rat model.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prevention of postsurgical adhesions is still an unsolved problem in spite of the suggested modifications of current surgical methods and application of various barriers, sprays, and use of other antiadhesive medications.[dovepress.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!