Pes planus seldom produces any signs and symptoms. In cases when it does, pain is the most common complaint. In addition, the other symptoms include the following:
Diagnosis of pes planus is made by a preliminary physical examination of the foot. The formation of arch upon standing on the toes will determine the type of flat foot present. For example, if an arch is formed when the individual stands on the toes then the condition is known as flexible foot. However, when no such arch in formed then the condition is referred to as rigid flat foot.
Individuals with flexible foot require no further tests or treatment. But, those diagnosed with rigid flat feet have to undergo the following diagnostic procedures:
Children and toddlers affected by pes planus do not actually require any treatment if they are not experiencing any pain or discomfort while walking and even otherwise . However, when the condition causes pain then the following methods are available:
Majority of the cases of pes planus do not need any treatment as individuals do not experience any symptoms. In conditions when they experience pain, several treatment methods are employed to relieve pain and discomfort. Some cases of flat foot may require surgical intervention to correct the problem. Individuals benefit from the method and the prognosis is usually favorable. Pes planus from tendon rupture may require prompt surgical intervention, delay in the intervention may result into a poor prognostic outcome .
Pes planus by itself can rarely cause any serious complications. However, when the condition requires surgery then post-surgical complications include the following:
Pes planus results when the tendons in the foot are loose. It is a common condition for infants and toddlers as the tendons take some time to tighten and form an arch. Other causative factors that give rise to pes planus include the following:
Pes planus is a common condition affecting about 25% of the American population. In majority of the cases, the condition is reversible and can get corrected if treatment is initiated at right time. Acquired pes planus is fairly common in middle-aged women who are obese .
Under normal circumstances, the tendons of the foot develop in a way to form an arch. In condition of pes planus, the tendons do not form a longitudinal arch. However, if such a condition occurs normally then it gets corrected by itself as the child grows up. The tendons tighten and gradually form an arch. In some cases, it takes several years for the arch to develop and in some the arch does not develop at all. There are basically 3 types of pes planus namely: Flexible flat foot, short Achilles tendon and posterior tibial tendon dysfunction with interosseous ligament involvement .
Pes planus cannot be prevented since it is more of a heredity condition. However, the onset of secondary complications can be prevented by appropriately following the treatment recommended by a podiatrist.
Pes planus, commonly referred to as flat foot, is a condition wherein the foot does not form the normal arch in the standing position. It a common condition affecting millions of individuals across the globe. Such a kind of condition is normally identified in infants and toddlers.
Pes planus can get corrected by the time the child is 3 years old. Flat foot may be present in one or both the feet. There are no associated symptoms and pes planus can seldom lead to any serious consequences.
Pes planus also known as flat foot is a condition characterized by absence of an arch in the foot in the standing position. This condition is a normal phenomenon in infants and toddlers and usually gets corrected as the child grows. With growing age, the tendons tighten and gradually form an arch. It has been estimated that about 20 – 25% of the population fall prey to such a condition. Pes planus seldom gives rise to serious secondary conditions.
Heredity is one of the common causes of pes planus. In addition, other conditions such as diseases and injury to the feet are also known to give rise to flat foot.
In majority of the cases, flat foot has no accompanying signs or symptoms. But, certain types of pes planus such as rigid flat feet may cause pain and discomfort while walking.
Affected individuals are made to stand on their toes and the examination is carried out. If an arch is formed in this position, it implies that the individual is suffering from flexible flat foot. Such a condition does not require any further diagnosis. If no arch is formed then further tests such as CT scan, MRI and X-ray of the feet is carried out for differential diagnosis.
Individuals are given foot support to be worn inside the shoes that provide support to the foot while walking. Medications may also be prescribed if there is pain and inflammation. Surgery is employed to fuse the bones together or lengthen the tendons if they are too short to form an arch.