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Philodendron Poisoning

Philodendron Species Poisoning


Presentation

  • […] head shaking, pawing and rubbing and some-times vocalisation; increased salivation, anorexia and depression may occur and, if large amounts have been ingested, vomiting and diarrhoea, usually mild but sometimes haemorrhagic, and abdominal pain may be present[mybroadband.co.za]
  • […] noncompetitive GABA antagonists in the central nervous system, resulting in unabated neuronal depolarization that manifiests as seizures, including status epilepticus. 104, 131, 152, 229 Water hemlock poisoning should be considered in any patient who presents[clinicalgate.com]
  • If significant ingestion occurs gastrointestinal symptoms should be present within 6 hours and include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea that may be bloody. Symptoms may progress to involve the blood cells, the heart, lungs and brain.[kidemergencies.com]
  • A crawling infant who chews on the leaves of this plant will present to the ER with oropharyngeal erosions and dysphagia. During hospitalization the esophagus can erode and strictures develop.[pediatric-house-calls.djmed.net]
Physician
  • […] of the following medical societies: American Academy of Clinical Toxicology, American College of Emergency Physicians Disclosure: Received stock ownership from Johnson & Johnson for none; Received stock ownership from Savient Pharmaceuticals for none[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Updated by: Jesse Borke, MD, FACEP, FAAEM, Attending Physician at FDR Medical Services/Millard Fillmore Suburban Hospital, Buffalo, NY. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M.[medlineplus.gov]
  • BACK TO TOP Text only Tests for Philodendron poisoning Reviewed By: Jesse Borke, MD, FACEP, FAAEM, Attending Physician at FDR Medical Services/Millard Fillmore Suburban Hospital, Buffalo, NY.[limamemorial.org]
  • If the pain continues, contact your child's physician.[chop.edu]
  • We help callers determine if treatment by a physician is needed or if the situation can be managed at home.[kansashealthsystem.com]
Gastric Lavage
  • For severe reactions, the person may receive: Activated charcoal Breathing support Fluids by IV (through the vein) Medicines to treat symptoms Laxatives Tube through the mouth into the stomach to wash out the stomach ( gastric lavage ) How well you do[medlineplus.gov]
  • For severe reactions, the person may receive: Activated charcoal Breathing support Fluids by IV (through the vein) Medicines to treat symptoms Laxatives Tube through the mouth into the stomach to wash out the stomach ( gastric lavage ) Outlook (Prognosis[limamemorial.org]
  • lavage for elimination of the substance from the stomach (irrigation using special solutions) Administer laxatives for elimination of the compound from the body Administer activated charcoal to avoid absorbance of the substance in the body Wash skin[dovemed.com]
Veterinarian
  • This essential reference allows veterinarians to not only identify poisonous plants, but also includes the toxic properties of the plant and the clinical signs that can be expected in animals that ingest the plants.[books.google.com]
  • Consult your veterinarian with concerns about plants before feeding them to your reptile or using them in your home or yard. Toxic Plants: Acokanthera – Acokanthera spp. (all parts toxic, except ripe fruit) Amaryllis – Amaryllis spp.[reptilesmagazine.com]
Camping
  • Philodendron Poisoning can be prevented by: Avoiding eating wild berries and plants, especially if you have no information about them Following working in the garden or fields, hiking, or camping, always wash hands thoroughly, prior to eating anything[dovemed.com]
  • When camping or picnicking - only eat wild plants if you know FOR CERTAIN what they are. People have died after mistaking hemlock for wild carrots. The table below is an illustrated list of selected plants.[poison.org]
Severe Pain
  • CAUSES SEVERE PAIN IN THE MOUTH IF EATEN! SKIN IRRITATION MINOR, OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW Toxic Principle: Calcium oxalate crystals and possibly other toxins.[plants.ces.ncsu.edu]
Nausea
  • The poisonous ingredient is: Calcium oxalate Symptoms of this type of poisoning include: Burning and painful eyes Burning in mouth and throat Diarrhea Irritated skin Nausea and vomiting Slurred speech Swelling of mouth Swelling of tongue Blistering and[medlineplus.gov]
  • The poisonous ingredient is: Calcium oxalate Symptoms Symptoms of this type of poisoning include: Burning and painful eyes Burning in mouth and throat Diarrhea Irritated skin Nausea and vomiting Slurred speech Swelling of mouth Swelling of tongue Blistering[limamemorial.org]
  • […] may include: Powerful burning sensation in the mouth and throat, when consumed This may lead to blisters in the mouth Swelling of the mouth and tongue, which may affect the functions of speaking and swallowing Burning sensation, tearing from the eyes Nausea[dovemed.com]
  • Symptoms of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain typically begin 2 – 24 hours after ingestion and may last several days.[kidemergencies.com]
  • Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Frequent contact with cell sap may cause skin irritation. Edibility: TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. CAUSES SEVERE PAIN IN THE MOUTH IF EATEN![plants.ces.ncsu.edu]
Drooling
  • The higher involvement of children still resulted in mild symptoms. [2] Mortality/Morbidity Patients with history of oral exposure (chewing and/or swallowing) have been reported to have severe swelling, drooling, dysphagia, and respiratory compromise,[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Pictured: Philodendron Poisonous to: Cats, Dogs Level of toxicity: Generally mild to moderate Common signs to watch for: Drooling Pawing at the mouth Oral pain Decreased appetite Vomiting A multitude of Philodendron species exist.[petpoisonhelpline.com]
  • An article discussing caladium, dieffenbachia, and philodendron plant poisoning published on the Emedicine website notes : Patients with history of oral exposure (chewing and/or swallowing) have been reported to have severe swelling, drooling, dysphagia[hoax-slayer.com]
Blister
  • The poisonous ingredient is: Calcium oxalate Symptoms of this type of poisoning include: Burning and painful eyes Burning in mouth and throat Diarrhea Irritated skin Nausea and vomiting Slurred speech Swelling of mouth Swelling of tongue Blistering and[medlineplus.gov]
  • The poisonous ingredient is: Calcium oxalate Symptoms Symptoms of this type of poisoning include: Burning and painful eyes Burning in mouth and throat Diarrhea Irritated skin Nausea and vomiting Slurred speech Swelling of mouth Swelling of tongue Blistering[limamemorial.org]
  • The signs and symptoms of Philodendron Poisoning may include: Powerful burning sensation in the mouth and throat, when consumed This may lead to blisters in the mouth Swelling of the mouth and tongue, which may affect the functions of speaking and swallowing[dovemed.com]
  • In rare occasions, dermatitis can occur with slowly healing open blisters.[the-essential-infant-resource-for-moms.com]
  • Photodermatitis rash from exposure to lime juice and UV light There are several plants which produce photodermatitis a condition where the skin blisters and ruptures due to exposure to light.[pediatric-house-calls.djmed.net]
Eye Pain
  • The Emedicine article notes that “Ocular exposure may result in eye pain, redness, and lid swelling” , but makes no mention of permanent blindness.[hoax-slayer.com]
Seizure
  • Symptoms may include gastroenteritis, delirium, refractory seizures, and coma.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Treatment includes securing an airway, ventilation, and treatment of seizures with benzodiazepines and barbiturates. Phenytoin is contraindicated because it is ineffective for seizure control.[clinicalgate.com]
  • Signs and symptoms of poisoning are identical to cyanide poisoning and can include headache, dizziness, coma, seizure and poor heart function.[kidemergencies.com]
  • The Cicuta plant’s toxicity prominently features seizures. Untreated the early symptoms of tachycardia turns to bradycardia (slow heart rate), contracted pupils turn to dilated (widened) and muscle fasciculations turn to paralysis.[pediatric-house-calls.djmed.net]
Convulsions
  • DO NOT give water or milk if the person is having symptoms (such as vomiting, convulsions, or a decreased level of alertness) that make it hard to swallow. Wipe out the mouth with a cold, wet cloth. Wash off any plant sap from the skin and eyes.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Hyperthermia, rhabdomyolysis, renal failure, and acidosis may occur secondary to convulsions. These complications often require treatment.[clinicalgate.com]
  • {photo by bingregory} English Ivy Hedera Helix Beware: leaves If ingested, the leaves will cause difficulty in breathing, convulsions, vomiting, paralysis and coma. In rare occasions, dermatitis can occur with slowly healing open blisters.[the-essential-infant-resource-for-moms.com]
Slurred Speech
  • The poisonous ingredient is: Calcium oxalate Symptoms of this type of poisoning include: Burning and painful eyes Burning in mouth and throat Diarrhea Irritated skin Nausea and vomiting Slurred speech Swelling of mouth Swelling of tongue Blistering and[medlineplus.gov]
  • The poisonous ingredient is: Calcium oxalate Symptoms Symptoms of this type of poisoning include: Burning and painful eyes Burning in mouth and throat Diarrhea Irritated skin Nausea and vomiting Slurred speech Swelling of mouth Swelling of tongue Blistering[limamemorial.org]
Lethargy
  • Eating the flower buds produces vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, labored breathing lethargy, and in some cases, a coma. Sensitive children may contract dermatitis from touching the leaves.[the-essential-infant-resource-for-moms.com]

Treatment

  • A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.[limamemorial.org]
  • […] charcoal Breathing support Fluids by IV (through the vein) Medicines to treat symptoms Laxatives Tube through the mouth into the stomach to wash out the stomach ( gastric lavage ) How well you do depends on the amount of poison swallowed and how quickly treatment[medlineplus.gov]
  • In a large retrospective study of 188 patients with plant oxalate exposure, all cases were determined to be minor and all resolved with minor or no treatment.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Treatment with benzodiazepines and barbiturates should be considered. 69[clinicalgate.com]

Prognosis

  • The prognosis of Philodendron Poisoning is dependent on the amount of substance consumed, time between consumption and treatment, severity of the symptoms, as well as general health status of the patient If the individual can recover from the symptoms[dovemed.com]
  • For severe reactions, the person may receive: Activated charcoal Breathing support Fluids by IV (through the vein) Medicines to treat symptoms Laxatives Tube through the mouth into the stomach to wash out the stomach ( gastric lavage ) Outlook (Prognosis[limamemorial.org]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology Frequency United States In 2013, the American Association of Poison Control Centers reported 5248 single exposures to plants containing oxalates.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • […] names for these plants include the following: Spathiphyllum – Spath, peace lily Euphorbia pulcherrima – Poinsettia, Christmas flower, lobster plant Ilex – Holly Philodendron – Cordaturn, horsehead, red emerald, red princess Dieffenbachia – Dumbcane Pathophysiology[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • Get the skills you need now with new information on global humanitarian relief and expedition medicine, plus expanded coverage of injury prevention and environmental preservation.[books.google.com]
  • You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention. It does not need to be an emergency. You can call for any reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Prevention: In the Home[www1.nyc.gov]

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