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Phlebosclerosis

Phleboscleroses


Presentation

  • A 56-year-old woman with symptoms of chronic bowel disease presented a peculiar calcification of the mesenteric vein of the ascending to transverse colon on barium enema study. The resected colon was hard and black.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Anemia
  • A positive fecal occult blood test and mild anemia were often found. The patients had linear calcifications and stenosis in the right colon, which were discovered by plain abdominal radiography and barium enema, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A 41-year-old man was referred for anemia and fecal occult blood positive. Colonoscopy showed dark purplish-blue edematous mucosa from the cecum to the transverse colon.[jstage.jst.go.jp]
Raynaud Phenomenon
  • Positive anti-centromere antibody and Raynaud's phenomenon, hallmarks of a variant systemic sclerosis, the CREST syndrome were observed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Abdominal Pain
  • A 62-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital in 2011 because of recurrent abdominal pain, nausea and constipation for six months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • pain, bloating and vomiting.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Four patients underwent a subtotal colectomy because of persistent abdominal pain or ileus.[journals.lww.com]
Colic
  • We believe that phlebosclerosis is an old-fashioned diagnostic term, but appropriate here because of the remarkable calcification of the sclerotic walls of the colic veins that seems to be one of the most important hallmarks of this previously unrecognized[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A, B: Computed tomography enterography and computed tomography angiography show thread-like calcifications in the ileocolic vein (black arrow) and right colic vein (white arrow); C, D: Endoscopy demonstrates purple mucosa from the cecum to the splenic[wjgnet.com]
  • Seraga, EP, Costa, J 1989 Idiopathic entero-colic lymphocytic phlebitis. A cause of ischemic intestinal necrosis Am J Surg Pathol 13 303 308 Google Scholar 8.[link.springer.com]
Melena
  • In 2013, a 63-year-old male patient who presented with recurrent lower right abdominal pain, bloating, melena and diarrhea for fifteen months was admitted to our institution. Colonoscopy and CTE led to the diagnosis of IMP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These consist of a history of hematemesis and/or melena, the presence of ascites, splenomegaly and enlarged collateral veins in the abdominal wall, and x-ray evidence of esophageal varices.[annals.org]
  • Case 2 In January 2013, a 63-year-old male patient presented with recurrent lower right abdominal pain, bloating, and melena diarrhea for 15 mo. The patient also had a history of consuming Chinese medical liquor for over 12 years.[wjgnet.com]
Recurrent Abdominal Pain
  • A 62-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital in 2011 because of recurrent abdominal pain, nausea and constipation for six months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Recurrent abdominal pain in a 55-year-old woman. diagnosis: idiopathic mesenteric phlebosclerosis. Gastroenterology. 2011;141(36):404. 10. Markos V, Kelly S, Yee WC, et al. Phlebosclerotic colitis: imaging findings of a rare entity.[springermedizin.de]
  • CASE REPORT Case 1 In 2011, a 62-year-old woman was admitted to our institution with the main complaints of recurrent abdominal pain, nausea and constipation for six months. Partial intestinal obstruction was diagnosed in local hospitals.[wjgnet.com]
Constipation
  • A 62-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital in 2011 because of recurrent abdominal pain, nausea and constipation for six months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CASE REPORT Case 1 In 2011, a 62-year-old woman was admitted to our institution with the main complaints of recurrent abdominal pain, nausea and constipation for six months. Partial intestinal obstruction was diagnosed in local hospitals.[wjgnet.com]
Vascular Disease
  • Pre-existing vascular disease in the radial artery and other coronary artery bypass conduits. Eur J Med Res 1999;4(1):11-4. Tzogias L, Labropoulos N, Amaral SI, Antoniou GA, Giannoukas AD. Distribution and clinical impact of phlebosclerosis.[acta.tums.ac.ir]
  • - see also condition circulation I87.8 (venous) dilation, veins I87.8 Congestion, congestive venous I87.8 (passive) Disease, diseased - see also Syndrome angiospastic I73.9 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code I73.9 Peripheral vascular disease, unspecified 2016[icd10data.com]
  • The patient denied any personal or family history of liver cirrhosis, hypertension or inflammatory vascular diseases. However, she admitted the intake of Chinese medical liquor for one and a half years.[wjgnet.com]
  • disease of abdomen Vascular graft fibrosis Venospasm Venous collateral circulation, any site Venous hypertension of hand Venous hypertension of lower limb Venous hypertension of upper limb Visceral ischemia Applies To Collateral circulation (venous),[icd9data.com]
Vein Disorder
  • […] ischemia Blocked central line CABG fibrosis Cannon waves Cardiovascular device fibrosis Cardiovascular device stenosis Central line occlusion Clotted arteriovenous access Critical ischemia of foot Device, implant or graft fibrosis Dilated subcutaneous veins[icd9data.com]
Flexion Contracture
  • @article{3c6a968c138c41b29105b1c278fd3dcf, title "Flexion contracture of the elbow due to phlebosclerosis induced by anti-cancer drug infusion.[keio.pure.elsevier.com]

Workup

Colitis
  • Phlebosclerotic colitis. J Am Coll Surg 2008;207:785 14. Ho TJ, Cheung CW, Wong WM, Chan FL. Phlebosclerotic colitis: an unusual cause of ischaemic colitis in a 65-year old man. J HK Coll Radiol 2005;8:53-58 15. Chang KM.[koreascience.or.kr]
  • Phlebosclerosis could be a novel type of ischemic colitis because of its unique clinical presentations, although the pathogenesis of this unusual venopathy remains unknown.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Mesenteric phlebosclerosis: a new disease entity causing ischemic colitis. Dis Colon Rectum. 2003;46:209–20. CrossRef PubMed 2. Koyama N, Koyama H, Hanajima T, et al. Chronic ischemic colitis causing stenosis, report of a case.[springermedizin.de]
  • Cappell MS: Intestinal (mesenteric) vasculopathy II Ischemic colitis and chronic mesenteric ischemia. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 27:827–860, 1998 Google Scholar 4.[springerlink.com]
  • (Korean J Gastrointest Endosc 2009;38:352-355) Key Words: Phlebosclerosis, Ischemic colitis, Chronic mesenteric ischemia[e-ce.org]
Multiple Ulcerations
  • The macroscopic appearance (Figure 3A ) of the resected specimen consisted of cyanotic, thickened and rigid colonic mucosa with multiple ulcerations.[wjgnet.com]
Occult Blood Positive
  • We here report a case of asymptomatic idiopathic mesenteric phlebosclerosis discovered by fecal occult blood positive, diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy. A 41-year-old man was referred for anemia and fecal occult blood positive.[jstage.jst.go.jp]
Ischemic Changes
  • BACKGROUND: Mesenteric phlebosclerosis (MP) is a rare disease characterized by venous calcification extending from the colonic wall to the mesentery, with chronic ischemic changes from venous return impairment in the intestine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A right-hemicolectomy was performed because the ischemic change seen on the colonic mucosa was persistent and endoscopic therapies could not control the bleeding.[jstage.jst.go.jp]
  • changes from venous return impairment in the intestine.[springermedizin.de]

Treatment

  • Idiopathic mesenteric phlebosclerosis displays a chronic course and in most cases conservative treatment is indicated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Modern phlebology uses several methods of treatment: Sclerotherapy is the most common method of treatment of varicose veins. It is the safest and most aesthetic way to get rid of all sorts of "snakes", "stars", as well as varicose veins.[medicineinfo.net]
  • This treatment is suitable for people suffering from reticular varicose veins and "vascular asterisks".[medadvicees.com]

Etiology

  • CONCLUSIONS: The use of herbal medicine containing sanshishi is associated with the etiology of MP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Conclusions The use of herbal medicine containing sanshishi is associated with the etiology of MP.[springermedizin.de]
  • However, the etiology of IMP has not been completely defined.[wjgnet.com]

Epidemiology

  • Aspects of these two diseases covered in the book include global epidemiology and risk factors, pathogenesis, animal models, hepatic and extra-hepatic malignancies, treatment models, and current and emerging therapies.[books.google.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The exact pathophysiologic mechanisms are unknown. Despite the confusing terminology and limited scientific data, we conclude that phlebosclerosis should be regarded as a distinct clinical entity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Kunio Okuda, Jean-Pierre Benhamou Springer Science & Business Media, ٠٩‏/١١‏/٢٠١٣ - 569 من الصفحات Portal hypertension is the abnormal pathophysiologic state that develops in liver cirrhosis and certain other disorders with characteristic clinical and[books.google.com]
  • Kunio Okuda , Jean-Pierre Benhamou Springer Science & Business Media , 9 nov. 2013 - 569 pagini Portal hypertension is the abnormal pathophysiologic state that develops in liver cirrhosis and certain other disorders with characteristic clinical and hemodynamic[books.google.ro]

Prevention

  • Endoscopic sclerotherapy and beta-blockers have come to be widely used in the man agement and prevention of variceal bleeding.[books.google.com]
  • Timely prevention of varicose veins du ring pregnancy will make it possible to bear and give birth to a child without problems. Find out the details in our article.[medadvicees.com]
  • Since 1981, we have specialized in treating dysfunction related to the spine and offer on and offsite spine school for prevention.[backclinicinc.com]

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