Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Photophthalmia


Presentation

  • It can present with the following: severe burning pain lacrimation photophobia blepharospasm swelling of palpebral conjunctiva retrotarsal folds Crooke’s glass is a prophylactic aid consisting of a spectacle lens combined with metallic oxides to absorb[en.wikipedia.org]
  • If you would like to present this film in public (cinema, museum, institution) please send a mail with your request. back...[wernernekes.de]
  • There are two classes of MHC that are involved with directing T cell immunity: class I present peptides to CD8 T cells and class II present peptides to CD4 T cells.[immunopaedia.org.za]
  • (c) OCT (horizontal line scan) through the fovea (represented by F) of the right eye at presentation showing a hyporeflective space in the outer retina between the two high-reflective-layers (HRLs).[nature.com]
  • Photoessays are not a modality to present a rare case report but rather a way to teach the readers about the use of appropriate technology to reach a diagnosis. The format will be Presentation (Case report) and discussion.[ijo.in]
Inflammation
  • […] phot·oph·thal·mia \ ˌfōt-ˌäf-ˈthal-mē-ə, ˌfōt-ˌäp- \ Medical Definition of photophthalmia : inflammation of the eye and especially of the cornea and conjunctiva caused by exposure to light of short wavelength (as ultraviolet light) Learn More about photophthalmia[merriam-webster.com]
  • Photophthalmia is inflammation of the eye due to exposure to intense light .[ivyroses.com]
  • […] photophthalmia * * * phot·oph·thal·mia .fōt-.äf-'thal-mē-ə, .fōt-.äp- n inflammation of the eye and esp. of the cornea and conjunctiva caused by exposure to light of short wavelength (as ultraviolet light) * * * n. inflammation of the eye due to exposure[medicine.academic.ru]
  • Urdu Meanings iJunoon official Urdu Dictionary روشنی سے آشوب چشم roshni se aashob chasham All in One Photophthalmia /pho·toph·thal·mia/ (fōt″of-thal me-ah) is ophthalmia or inflammation of the eye, especially of the cornea and conjunctiva due to exposure[ijunoon.com]
  • Show Summary Details Quick Reference n. inflammation of the eye due to exposure to light. It is usually caused by the damaging effect of ultraviolet light on the cornea, for example in snow blindness or when lying under a sunbed.[oxfordindex.oup.com]
Burning Pain
  • There is intense burning pain, foreign body sensation, and watering of eyes. There is associated marked photophobia and blepharospasm.[nhp.gov.in]
  • Burning pain in the eyes,lacrimation, photophobia , and swelling and spasm of the eyelids as a result of exposure to an intensely bright light eg a naked arc light or laser; due to the action of ultraviolet rays. Also electric -light ophthalmia .[thesciencedictionary.org]
  • Q Clinical features - severe burning pain, lacrimation, photophobia, blepharospasm, swelling of palpebral conjunctiva and retrotarsal folds Prophylaxis - Crooke’s Q glass - which cuts off all infrared and ultraviolet rays should be used by those who are[gradestack.com]
  • It can present with the following: severe burning pain lacrimation photophobia blepharospasm swelling of palpebral conjunctiva retrotarsal folds Crooke’s glass is a prophylactic aid consisting of a spectacle lens combined with metallic oxides to absorb[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Clinical features Typically, patient presents with severe burning pain, lacrimation, photophobia, blepharospasm, swelling of palpebral conjunctiva and retrotarsal folds. There is history of exposure to ultraviolet rays 4-5 hours earlier.[ophthalmologylife.blogspot.com]
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • These include criteria for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, dementia of Lewy-body type, frontal lobe dementias, chronic fatigue syndrome, and inflammatory neuropathies.[books.google.com]
Severe Pain
  • Bandaging both eyes for 24 hours after putting antibiotic eye ointment and cycloplegic (which puts ciliary muscle to rest) eye drops may provide relief from the severe pain. It also allows epithelium to regenerate/grow over the eroded areas.[nhp.gov.in]
Common Cold
  • Weight Control Anti-Aging, Natural Bioidentical Hormone Therapy Non-Surgical Facelift Alcohol and Drug Addiction Neuromusclar Manipulation Physical Well Being Stress Reduction Diseases Treated by Acupuncture Medical Disease Disease of the Sense Organs Common[dallasacupuncturecenter.com]
Muscle Swelling
  • Blepharospasm (abnormal contraction of eyelid muscles). Swelling of palpebral conjunctiva. The symptoms disappear in about 1- 2 days following healing of corneal desquamation.[nhp.gov.in]
Snow Blindness
  • [photo- G. ophthalmos, eye] photophthalmia /pho·toph·thal·mia/ ( fōt″of-thal me-ah ) ophthalmia due to exposure to intense light, as in snow blindness. pho·toph·thal·mi·a ( fō'tof-thal'mē-ă ) Keratoconjunctivitis caused by ultraviolet energy, as in snow[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Read full article of Photophthalmia Search terms Cornea, Occupational Diseases, Ophthalmology, Photophobia, Ultraviolet Rays, Welding, ophthalmia, ophthalmia electrica, snow blindness[ebm-guidelines.com]
  • Keratoconjunctivitis caused by ultraviolet energy, as in snow blindness, exposure to an ultraviolet lamp, arc welding, or the short circuit of a high-tension electric current. Found on No exact match found[encyclo.co.uk]
  • Snow blindness : It is produced by reflected ultraviolet rays from snow surface. In snow blindness, the cause is similar, since the ultraviolet rays are reflected from snow surfaces.[nhp.gov.in]
Snow Blindness
  • [photo- G. ophthalmos, eye] photophthalmia /pho·toph·thal·mia/ ( fōt″of-thal me-ah ) ophthalmia due to exposure to intense light, as in snow blindness. pho·toph·thal·mi·a ( fō'tof-thal'mē-ă ) Keratoconjunctivitis caused by ultraviolet energy, as in snow[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Read full article of Photophthalmia Search terms Cornea, Occupational Diseases, Ophthalmology, Photophobia, Ultraviolet Rays, Welding, ophthalmia, ophthalmia electrica, snow blindness[ebm-guidelines.com]
  • Keratoconjunctivitis caused by ultraviolet energy, as in snow blindness, exposure to an ultraviolet lamp, arc welding, or the short circuit of a high-tension electric current. Found on No exact match found[encyclo.co.uk]
  • Snow blindness : It is produced by reflected ultraviolet rays from snow surface. In snow blindness, the cause is similar, since the ultraviolet rays are reflected from snow surfaces.[nhp.gov.in]
Lacrimation
  • Burning pain in the eyes,lacrimation, photophobia , and swelling and spasm of the eyelids as a result of exposure to an intensely bright light eg a naked arc light or laser; due to the action of ultraviolet rays. Also electric -light ophthalmia .[thesciencedictionary.org]
  • Q Clinical features - severe burning pain, lacrimation, photophobia, blepharospasm, swelling of palpebral conjunctiva and retrotarsal folds Prophylaxis - Crooke’s Q glass - which cuts off all infrared and ultraviolet rays should be used by those who are[gradestack.com]
  • It can present with the following: severe burning pain lacrimation photophobia blepharospasm swelling of palpebral conjunctiva retrotarsal folds Crooke’s glass is a prophylactic aid consisting of a spectacle lens combined with metallic oxides to absorb[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Lacrimation or watering. Redness. Marked photophobia (aversion to light). Blepharospasm (abnormal contraction of eyelid muscles). Swelling of palpebral conjunctiva. The symptoms disappear in about 1- 2 days following healing of corneal desquamation.[nhp.gov.in]
  • Lacrimal cyst, left lacrimal gland H04.133 Lacrimal cyst, bilateral lacrimal glands H04.141 Primary lacrimal gland atrophy, right lacrimal gland H04.142 Primary lacrimal gland atrophy, left lacrimal gland H04.143 Primary lacrimal gland atrophy, bilateral[hmsa.com]
Photophobia
  • There is associated marked photophobia and blepharospasm. On slit-lamp examination, corneal epithelium shows breach in continuity of epithelium which takes up fluorescein sodium stain.[nhp.gov.in]
  • Read full article of Photophthalmia Search terms Cornea, Occupational Diseases, Ophthalmology, Photophobia, Ultraviolet Rays, Welding, ophthalmia, ophthalmia electrica, snow blindness[ebm-guidelines.com]
  • Burning pain in the eyes,lacrimation, photophobia , and swelling and spasm of the eyelids as a result of exposure to an intensely bright light eg a naked arc light or laser; due to the action of ultraviolet rays. Also electric -light ophthalmia .[thesciencedictionary.org]
  • Q Clinical features - severe burning pain, lacrimation, photophobia, blepharospasm, swelling of palpebral conjunctiva and retrotarsal folds Prophylaxis - Crooke’s Q glass - which cuts off all infrared and ultraviolet rays should be used by those who are[gradestack.com]
  • It can present with the following: severe burning pain lacrimation photophobia blepharospasm swelling of palpebral conjunctiva retrotarsal folds Crooke’s glass is a prophylactic aid consisting of a spectacle lens combined with metallic oxides to absorb[en.wikipedia.org]
Corneal Edema
  • edema secondary to contact lens, right eye H18.212 Corneal edema secondary to contact lens, left eye H18.213 Corneal edema secondary to contact lens, bilateral H18.221 Idiopathic corneal edema, right eye H18.222 Idiopathic corneal edema, left eye H18.223[hmsa.com]
  • .• Symptom: foreign body sensation, photophobia, blurring of vision, pain, eyelid edema, and discharge• Signs: – conjunctival and circumcorneal congestion, – an epithelial defects associated with an infiltrate – corneal edema, sterile anterior uveitis[de.slideshare.net]
  • edema Thickened palpebral conjunctiva Peripheral pannus formation Corneal opacification Staphyloma Corneal perforation Endophthalmitis Loss of eye and blindness Systemic complications of chlamydia conjunctivitis Pneumonia Otitis Pharyngeal and rectal[wikidoc.org]
  • edema Anterior chamber cells and flare Keratic precipitates Hypopyon [5] Fibrin membrane formation Vitritis Loss of red reflex Retinal periphlebitis if view of fundus possible [6] Specific physical examination findings are as follows: Delayed onset or[emedicine.medscape.com]
Dysmenorrhea
  • Appendicitis Diseases of the biliary Tract Gynecological & Obstetric Diseases Shoulder Pain Hemorrhoids Irregular Menstruation Morning Sickness Elbow Pain Prolapse of Rectum Amenorrhea Malposition of Fetus Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Injury of the Back & Loin Dysmenorrhea[dallasacupuncturecenter.com]
Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Entries on cerebellar diseases, peripheral neuropathies, various dementias, diagnostic tests (both clinical and laboratory), forms of cerebral edema, dissociative signs and syndromes - all these and many more have been added, expanded, updated or clarified[books.google.com]
  • Genfate side effects CNS: Headache; dizziness; vertigo; encephalopathy; confusion; fever; lethargy; convulsions; muscle weakness and twitching; peripheral neuropathy; acute organic brain syndrome; depression; pseudotumor cerebri; increased CSF protein[ndrugs.com]
Cerebellar Disease
  • Entries on cerebellar diseases, peripheral neuropathies, various dementias, diagnostic tests (both clinical and laboratory), forms of cerebral edema, dissociative signs and syndromes - all these and many more have been added, expanded, updated or clarified[books.google.com]
Confusion
  • Genfate side effects CNS: Headache; dizziness; vertigo; encephalopathy; confusion; fever; lethargy; convulsions; muscle weakness and twitching; peripheral neuropathy; acute organic brain syndrome; depression; pseudotumor cerebri; increased CSF protein[ndrugs.com]
  • Researchers admit to being stuck in the very earliest stages of divisiveness and confusion, more than anyone else.[bibliotecapleyades.net]
Chorea
  • B. in der Fügung Chorea electrica. 2) durch Strahleneinwirkung (bes. des ultravioletten Lichts) hervorgerufen;… … Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke Verblitzung der Augen — Verblitzung (f) der Augen, Augentrübung (f) durch Lichtbogen Blendwirkung[medicine.academic.ru]
Aura
  • Serial No. 29,618. )5; i PATENT: orries, PHILIP vrc'ron WZLLINGHAM GELL, CHARLES EDWIN: GOULD, WILFBED auras: mirrro AND HAROLDSHARPE MARTIN, on smn'rnwrcx, ENGLAND, ASSIGNOBS TO omen anornnns AND 00., LIMITED, on smnrnwrc'x, ENGLAND. those in common[google.com]

Workup

Treatment

  • […] photophobia, blepharospasm, swelling of palpebral conjunctiva and retrotarsal folds Prophylaxis - Crooke’s Q glass - which cuts off all infrared and ultraviolet rays should be used by those who are prone to exposure ego Welding workers, cinema operators Treatment[gradestack.com]
  • The transmission of laser energy to the retina is minimal due to the short focus and large cone angle of the treatment beam during diode transscleral CPC treatment.[glaucomatoday.com]
  • .• Treatment – Lubricating eye drops, surgery 12.[de.slideshare.net]
  • Treatment Medical Treatment Empiric antibiotic treatment for neonatal conjunctivitis includes Erythromycin ophthalmic ointment and Ceftriaxone IV or IM - the treatment is altered when culture results are available Systemic treatment is necessary in cases[wikidoc.org]
  • Results Six patients were diagnosed with sympathetic ophthalmia following treatment with diode laser CPC, an incidence of 0.001% during the study period.[bjo.bmj.com]

Prognosis

  • Ophthalmia Neonatorum Prognosis Neonatal conjunctivitis reacts to apt treatment and the prognosis is considered to be really good.[hxbenefit.com]
  • Prognosis The prognosis depends on the following: Duration of endophthalmitis Time to treatment Virulence of bacteria Etiology of entry Existing ocular diseases From the EVS, the percentage of patients achieving a final visual acuity of 20/100 or better[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Early detection and early treatment of neonatal conjunctivitis is associated with a good prognosis. [3] [4] Diagnosis Prompt diagnosis is necessary in order to establish proper treatment and minimizing potential serious complications of ophthalmia neonatorum[wikidoc.org]

Etiology

  • Etiology and diagnosis of bacterial postoperative endophthalmitis. Ophthalmology . 1978 Apr. 85(4):320-6. [Medline] . Arshinoff SA, Bastianelli PA. Incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis after immediate sequential bilateral cataract surgery.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • C.trachomatis has replaced N.gonorrhea as the most important single etiology even in developing countries, causing up to 32% of all cases [ 20 , 29 ].[omicsonline.org]
  • Quellmaz. [1] In 1881, Crédé introduced 2% silver nitrate for the first time as a prophylaxis treatment method for conjunctivitis in the newborns in Leipzig. [7] Classification Ophthalmia neonatorum may be classified according to etiology into 3 groups[wikidoc.org]

Epidemiology

  • Laga M, Meheus A, Piot P (1989) Epidemiology and control of gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. Bull World Health Organ 67: 471-478.[omicsonline.org]
  • A historical review of sympathetic ophthalmia and its epidemiology. Surv Ophthalmol 1989;34:1-14. 4. Makley Ta Jr, Azar A. Sympathetic ophthalmia. A long-term follow-up. Arch Ophthalmol 1978;96:257-62. 5. Mark Ge Jr.[jmedsoc.org]
  • (silver nitrate solution) Differentiating ophthalmia neonatorum from Other Diseases Neonatal conjunctivitis must be differentiated from: [1] [12] Dacrocystitis Congenital glaucoma Nasolacrimal duct obstruction Preseptal/ Orbital cellulitis Keratitis Epidemiology[wikidoc.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Lets look at the pathophysiology of sympathetic ophthalmia in closer detail, as this is an example of how immune tolerance is broken which causes disruption to an immune privileged organ.[immunopaedia.org.za]
  • […] introduced 2% silver nitrate for the first time as a prophylaxis treatment method for conjunctivitis in the newborns in Leipzig. [7] Classification Ophthalmia neonatorum may be classified according to etiology into 3 groups: [1] [8] Bacterial Viral Chemical Pathophysiology[wikidoc.org]
  • Pathophysiology The entry of bacteria into the eye occurs from a breakdown of the ocular barriers. Penetration through the cornea or sclera results in an exogenous insult to the eye.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Pathophysiology Vertical transmission from the mother is the route of transmission to the affected newborn. Both parents, however, should be screened for STD infection [ 7 , 12 ].[omicsonline.org]

Prevention

  • […] motion, and at least one hand on a control to complete the cut. (7) Power-driven guillotine veneer cutters, other than continuous trimmers, shall be provided, in addition to the brake or other stopping mechanism, with an emergency device which will prevent[books.google.com]
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015) Accessed on June 29, 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002) Accessed on June 29, 2016 22.0 22.1 22.2 Matejcek A, Goldman RD (2013).[wikidoc.org]
  • Ophthalmia Neonatorum Prevention In order to prevent a newborn from getting affected with the disorder, the pregnant woman should be treated for sexually transmitted diseases.[hxbenefit.com]
  • Photokeratitis prevention Photokeratitis may be prevented by wearing eye protection that blocks UV radiation. This includes: sunglasses that block or absorb 99 percent or more of UV rays snow goggles designed to block UV rays welding helmets[aao.org]
  • The important property of this glass resides in its efficiency to absorb or retard the ultra-violet rays and thus prevent these rays from irritating the eyes of spectacle users, withoutappreciabl Y reducing the transmission of visible ligit.[google.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!