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Photosensitivity Disorder

Photosensitivity Skin Disorders


Presentation

  • Absorbing molecules can be (1) exogenous agents applied topically or systemically, (2) endogenous molecules either usually present in skin or produced by an abnormal metabolism, or (3) a combination of exogenous and endogenous molecules that acquire antigenic[accessemergencymedicine.mhmedical.com]
  • Recently I learned of a vision anomaly symptom evident in those with TBI: photosensitivity, or photophobia, which presents as an elevated sensitivity to light in the absence of ocular inflammation or infection.[ccwlawyers.com]
  • As there may be significant overlap among the clinical presentation of these conditions, the specific diagnosis of individual photodermatosis relies heavily on characteristic histopathologic features.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Presentation Phototoxic reactions tend to be more common and resemble severe sunburn.[patient.info]
Aspiration
Cheilitis
  • Cellulitis of lips Cheilitis NOS Cheilodynia Cheilosis Exfoliative cheilitis Fistula of lips Glandular cheilitis Hypertrophy of lips Perlèche NEC Type 1 Excludes ariboflavinosis ( E53.0 ) cheilitis due to radiation-related disorders ( L55-L59 ) congenital[icd10data.com]
  • Complications of photodermatitis are conjunctivitis and cheilitis. In addition, the patient may suffer from general weakness and fatigue if he has complicated sunny dermatitis. The photo below shows how this allergy might look like.[acikgunluk.net]
  • Cheilitis, or the drying and crusting of the lips, is common following irritation by the sun. Fortunately photosensitivity and erythema (inflammation and redness of skin due to irritation by the sun) decrease with age.[skincancer.org]
Blepharitis
  • Conditions Commonly Associated With Photophobia Ocular Dry eye Corneal diseases Uveitis Blepharitis Conjunctivitis Iritis Asthenopia Keratoconjunctivitis Retinal disease (e.g., cone dystrophy, retinitis pigmentosa) Vitreous disease Optic neuritis Papilledema[aao.org]
Hyperpigmentation
  • This hyperpigmentation may serve as a protective mechanism against further UV injury.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • In the case of acquired hyperpigmentation with photodistribution, it is necessary to consider lichenoid photodermatitis. Biography : Email: [email protected][omicsonline.org]
  • […] skin sensitization to ultraviolet light; may occur in association with amiodarone medication photosensitivity, n an adverse skin reaction to some essential oils and other treatments, in which the skin reacts to ultraviolet rays resulting in redness, hyperpigmentation[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Skin reactions due to amitriptyline (a tricyclic antidepressant agent) include rashes and hypersensitivity reactions (for example, urticaria and photosensitivity) as well as hyperpigmentation.[pmj.bmj.com]
  • Though any blisters or burns you get will subside in a few days, the hyperpigmentation or skin darkening that follows can last for months or even years. If you must have a margarita while sun bathing, make sure to wear extra sunscreen.[nerdist.com]
Exanthema
  • Delayed type 4 allergic hypersensitivity reactions including aculopapular exanthema, erythematous rash, urticarial eruption, erythema multiforme, photodermatitis, eczema and Stevens-Johnson syndrome can occasionally occur as a result of tetrazepam exposure[diki.pl]
  • .), Photosensitivitasos reakció, Dermatitis photosensitiv, Photosensitiv dermatitis, Photosensitivitas toxikus reakció, Fényérzékenyített, photosensitivitasos exanthema, Photosensitiv kiütés, Photosensitivitas reakció k.m.n.[fpnotebook.com]
Hyperpigmentation in Sun-exposed Areas
  • […] on sun exposed area is often misdiagnosed as hyperpigmentary disorders due to chronic sun exposure.[omicsonline.org]
Hypertrichosis
  • Other symptoms include pruritus, increased skin fragility, hypertrichosis and sclerodermoid changes. 19 The mechanism of PCT in HIV is thought to be HIV-induced changes in porphyrin metabolism and liver injury in the setting of co-infection with hepatitis[sajhivmed.org.za]
Denial
  • To improve your chances of meeting all of the requirements for the allowance of a claim (and avoiding the denial of benefits), retain the services of a qualified Kentucky Social Security Disability attorney. Contact the Sullivan Law Office today.[michaelsullivanlaw.com]
Malar Rash
  • The cutaneous manifestations of lupus can include malar rash, discoid rash, and photosensitivity.[clinicaladvisor.com]
  • Malar Rash About half of people with lupus experience a characteristic red “malarrash or color change that may appear across the cheeks and bridge of the nose in the shape of a butterfly.[lupusresearch.org]
  • This rash is typically seen on the nose and cheeks, called a malar rash, and is considered one of the hallmarks of lupus. Porphyria is another medical condition that may cause photosensitivity reactions.[medicinenet.com]
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus is characterized by photosensitivity, malar rash, and discoid lupus erythematosus like skin lesions which can be aggravated in tropical climate.[ijdvl.com]
  • When localized, it manifests as the classic butterfly or malar rash on the face, in which symmetric erythema and edema are present over the bridge of the nose and the malar eminences, with sparing of the nasolabial folds.[ahcmedia.com]

Workup

  • The reasons for this are as follows: The workup of a patient with solar dermatitis is quite complex, and if you plan to care for and evaluate the patient, I would suggest a review of this topic.[aaaai.org]
  • Workups for porphyria, lupus and photo patch testing were completed, all of which were negative. She also discontinued any drugs that might cause photosensitivity such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications.[omicsonline.org]
  • Diagnosis is often made by history, clinical presentation, and an otherwise negative workup. The differential includes atopic dermatitis if the papular subtype is presenting, and lupus in the plaque subtype.[ahcmedia.com]
Liver Biopsy

Treatment

  • These reactions typically resolve without treatment, but seeing a dermatologist can help determine the triggers causing photosensitivity.[oakbrookderm.com]
  • Prevention and Treatment Avoid overexposure to sun, wear protective clothing, use sunscreens (prevention) Stop drugs or chemicals that cause photosensitivity For polymorphous light eruption, other specific treatments All people should avoid excessive[merckmanuals.com]
  • Risk factors for photosensitivity in this group include African American ethnicity and treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Koreans common skin disease diagnosis and treatment. 2nd ed. Seoul: Doctorsbook; 2009. Google Scholar Choi JH. 56th autumn scientific congress: symposium 5; photosensitivity disorders: solar urticaria. J Korean Dermatol. 2004;42(20):82.[link.springer.com]
  • […] photographs of normal and abnormal skin conditions including images of rare conditions, this easily accessible resource is essential for pediatricians, neonatologists, and dermatologists as well as other healthcare professionals involved in the diagnosis and treatment[books.google.de]

Prognosis

  • , What to Expect at Your Provider’s Office, Treatment Options, Prognosis/Possible Complications at Photodermatitis : Signs and Symptoms, Complementary and Alternative Therapies, Herbs, Homeopathy, Prognosis/Possible Complications, Supporting Research[medicalfoxx.com]
  • […] allergens and irritants is the first and foremost preventive measure Please find comprehensive information on Phytophotodermatitis regarding definition, distribution, risk factors, causes, signs & symptoms, diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, prognosis[dovemed.com]
  • […] removing harmful, free radicals that occur as by-products of cells' use and generation of energy * Calendula is often used as a homeopathic remedy for sunburn * Aloe for external use * If pellagra is the cause, niacin would be the specific treatment Prognosis[steadyhealth.com]
  • The prognosis depends on the specific disorder, its treatment, where the patient lives, and how carefully they protect their skin from exposure to sunlight. For the most severely light sensitive patients, normal activities may be severely curtailed.[dermnetnz.org]
  • Prognosis/Outlook for Photosensitivity For people living with photosensitivity, the outlook largely depends on what type of underlying condition accompanies the disorder.[sunsaferx.com]

Etiology

  • Predominant age: all ages Predominant sex: male female Prevalence May be as high as 20% in some areas Etiology and Pathophysiology Sunlight Phenothiazines Diuretics Tetracyclines, sulfonamides Oral contraceptives Topicals: psoralens, retinoids coal tars[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Options, Prognosis/Possible Complications at Photodermatitis : Signs and Symptoms, Complementary and Alternative Therapies, Herbs, Homeopathy, Prognosis/Possible Complications, Supporting Research at Skin Disorders, Photodermatitis - Overview, Definition, Etiology[medicalfoxx.com]
  • Abstract Objective: To better understand cutaneous photosensitivity reactions, a review of its etiologic factors, clinical characteristics, pathogenesis, and treatment modalities was undertaken.[aaaai.org]
  • Etiology of Photophobia Many conditions cause photophobia, and the most common condition is migraine. Indeed, photophobia is one of the cardinal features and appears prominently in the International Headache Society’s classification of migraine.[americanmigrainefoundation.org]
  • Systemic corticosteroids may be required for treatment over 5 days for severe symptoms. 4 Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis (AGEP): AGEP is a rare, acute, pustular eruption. 1,5,6,12 While the etiology may be viral or a reaction to mercury, greater[uspharmacist.com]

Epidemiology

  • "Clinical and Epidemiologic Characterization of Photosensitivity in HIV-Positive Individuals." Photodermatology, Photoimmunology and Photomedicine 20 (August 2004): 175-183. Ciocon, J. O., D. G. Ciocon, and D. J. Galindo.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Pellagra: A clinical, histopathological, and epidemiological study of 7 cases. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2012;103(1):51–58. Murray MF, Langan M, MacGregor RR.[sajhivmed.org.za]
  • […] hypersensitivity) Polymorphous light eruption (PLE): chronic, intermittent, light-induced eruption with erythematous papules, urticaria, or vesicles on areas exposed to sunlight System(s) affected: skin/exocrine Synonym(s): sun poisoning; sun allergy Epidemiology[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Molecular epidemiology of erythropoietic protoporphyria in the united kingdom. Br J Dermatol. 2010;162:642–6. Minder EI, Schneider-Yin X, Steurer J, Bachmann LM.[rarediseases.org]
  • Drug-induced skin pigmentation: epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2001;2:253-262. To comment on this article, contact rdavidson@uspharmacist.com.[uspharmacist.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • 11005 Date added 01 August 2011 Patient details Age Adult Location Argentina Localisation Trunk / back Description photodermatitis induced by contact with furocoumarins in a fig plant Primary Lesions Erythema flagellated erythema and blisters Vesicles Pathophysiology[dermquest.com]
  • Predominant age: all ages Predominant sex: male female Prevalence May be as high as 20% in some areas Etiology and Pathophysiology Sunlight Phenothiazines Diuretics Tetracyclines, sulfonamides Oral contraceptives Topicals: psoralens, retinoids coal tars[unboundmedicine.com]
  • For practitioners, photosensitivity is a vexing symptom since the pathophysiology of its cause is not well understood and little is known about appropriate treatment.[americanmigrainefoundation.org]
  • Digre highlighted some of what is known about the pathophysiology of photophobia.[aao.org]
  • Therapies, Herbs, Homeopathy, Prognosis/Possible Complications, Supporting Research at Skin Disorders, Photodermatitis - Overview, Definition, Etiology Risk Factors, Signs and Symptom,s Differential Diagnosis, Diagnosis, Physical Examination, Pathology/Pathophysiology[medicalfoxx.com]

Prevention

  • This means that a claimant must wear protective clothing and eyeglasses and use opaque broad spectrum sunscreens to prevent the occurrence of skin cancer or other serious effects.[michaelsullivanlaw.com]
  • In addition, information is provided on symptoms and complications, examination and evaluation, medical interventions, and prevention and management methods.[books.google.de]
  • Prevention and Treatment Avoid overexposure to sun, wear protective clothing, use sunscreens (prevention) Stop drugs or chemicals that cause photosensitivity For polymorphous light eruption, other specific treatments All people should avoid excessive[merckmanuals.com]
  • How to Prevent Photosensitivity All people should avoid excessive sun exposure, but people photosensitivity should be especially careful and do the following: Avoid sunlight as much as possible Use sunscreen regularly Wear protective clothes If possible[oakbrookderm.com]
  • CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Hwang GH. 56th autumn scientific congress: symposium 5; photosensitivity disorders: prevention of photosensitivity disorders. Korean Dermatol Assoc J. 2004;42(20):87.[link.springer.com]

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