Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Placentitis

Placentitis Unspecified Trimester not Applicable or Unspecified


Presentation

  • These data are presented in light of current theories of fetal viral immunity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Asymptomatic
  • , Futamura M, Kito H, et al Detection of viral DNA in neonatal herpes simplex virus infections: frequent and prolonged presence in serum and cerebrospinal fluid J Infect Dis 1991 164 289–93 8 Brown Z, Benedetti J, Selke S, Ashley R, Watts D, Corey L Asymptomatic[doi.org]
  • Brown Z , Benedetti J , Ashley R , et al Neonatal herpes simplex virus infection in relation to asymptomatic maternal infection at the time of labor N Engl J Med 1991 324 1247–52 11.[nature.com]
  • Placentitis and adhesions usually accompany severe endometritis leading to retention of placenta after birth in aborted animals due to brucellosis (Sane, 1994). burnetii seropositive pregnant women were asymptomatic; only 2 of these had an uncomplicated[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Abdominal Pain
  • pain下腹[部]痛 lower back pain腰痛 lumbago腰痛 luteinizing hormone (LH)黄体化ホルモン m maintenance chemotherapy維持化学療法 maternal anemia母体貧血 medicolegal法医学の menarche初経 menopause閉経 menstrual disorder月経異常 menstrual history月経歴 menstruation月経 menstruation related illness[tokyo-med.ac.jp]
Placental Disorder
  • disorders, first trimester O43892Other placental disorders, second trimester O43893Other placental disorders, third trimester O4391Unspecified placental disorder, first trimester O4392Unspecified placental disorder, second trimester O4393Unspecified[cms.gov]

Workup

Gram-Positive Rods
  • Numerous colonies of small, pleomorphic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria were observed within the fibrin lattice associated with placental lesions and within the fetal atelectatic lung.[works.bepress.com]
Paracoccidioides Brasiliensis
  • brasiliensis and 8 of unknown aetiology - VUE) and 8 control placentas for detection of ICAM-1 by immunohistochemistry.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Treponema Pallidum
  • Abstract We report a case of early congenital syphilis in which the placenta showed diffuse proliferative villitis and Treponema pallidum was identified by indirect immunoperoxidase stain in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded placental tissue.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • When tests reveal the presence of specific gram-positive bacteria in the remnants of the placenta, a diagnosis of nocardioform placentitis is given.[equusmagazine.com]

Treatment

  • Thereafter, placentitis induced mares were randomly assigned into: (1) basic treatment, TMS FM (n 8); (2) basic treatment with ALT supplementation, TMS FM ALT (n 8); (3) basic treatment with ECP supplementation, TMS FM ECP (n 6); (4) basic treatment with[experts.illinois.edu]
  • Future studies will hopefully identify markers of infection and inflammation characteristic for placentitis so treatment can be initiated early.[info.selectbreeders.com]
  • Additional diagnostic tools are therefore needed to accurately identify pregnant mares with early stages of placentitis and to specifically target these mares for treatment, they said.[horsetalk.co.nz]
  • Currently, ultrasonographic evaluation of the placenta is used to detect early cases of placentitis and to implement treatment to prevent abortion and delay premature labor.[equimanagement.com]

Prognosis

  • PROGNOSIS AND RELEVANT FACTORS The prognosis is generally poor. It is difficult to control the infection and maintain a healthy pregnancy. my role I might observe You might make these observations when a horse has this condition.[horsesidevetguide.com]
  • Most foals that present with these symptoms have a very poor prognosis but Fiona fought every step of the way and responded to treatment.[belvoirequineclinic.com.au]
  • Prognosis If the condition is diagnosed early and aggressive treatment initiated with a combination of broad spectrum antibiotics, altrenogest and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, up to 73% of mares may deliver live foals.[beh.com.au]
  • Human cytomegalovirus in blood of immunocompetent persons during primary infections: prognosis implications of pregnancy. J Infect Dis 1998;177:1170-5. Revello M, Gerna G.[medigraphic.com]
  • Prognosis : guarded. Pathogenesis Etiology Of 954 placentas submitted to the University of Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center (USA) over a two year period, 236 had placentitis.[vetstream.com]

Etiology

  • This study was conducted to compare C4d immunoreactivity between villitis of unknown etiology (VUE) and cytomegaloviral placentitis. C4d immunohistochemistry was performed in cases with VUE (n 16) and cytomegaloviral placentitis (n 5).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • @article{Hong1993EtiologyAP, title {Etiology and pathology of equine placentitis.}, author {Chuen Bin Hong and James M. Donahue and R. C. Giles and Marie B. Petrites-Murphy and Kockanda B Poonacha and Alex. Roberts and Bonnie J.[semanticscholar.org]
  • Zentralbl Gynäkol 97: 129–137 Google Scholar Labarrere C (1982) Chronic villitis of unknown etiology in small-for-gestational-age infants.[link.springer.com]
  • Pathogenesis Etiology Of 954 placentas submitted to the University of Kentucky Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center (USA) over a two year period, 236 had placentitis.[vetstream.com]
  • In another 24 placentas they observed only villitis in the absence of parasitism determining a frequency of 17.9% of villitis of unknown etiology. A control group of placentas of non chagasic mothers was studied.[scienceopen.com]

Epidemiology

  • Director & Professor of Epidemiology at the University of Kentucky's Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (UKVDL) in Lexington, Kentucky issued a notice to area veterinarians today that the UKVDL received an equine fetus from a Bluegrass area farm.[equusmagazine.com]
  • It also addresses the importance of preventing and controlling infectious disease outbreaks with coverage of epidemiology, biosecurity, antimicrobial therapy, and recognizing foreign equine diseases.[books.google.de]
  • Diagnostic epidemiology of nocardioform placentitis and abortion in Kentucky, 1991-2015. C.N. Carter, E. Erol, N.D. Cohen, J.L. Smith. 2016, Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. Vol 39, S59-S60. This information was provided by: Dr. Laura A.[equimanagement.com]
  • Diagnostic epidemiology of nocardioform placentitis and abortion in Kentucky, 1991-2015. Craig N. Carter, Erdal Erol, Noah D. Cohen, and Jacqueline L. Smith. 2016, J Equine Vet Sci. Vol 39, S59-S60.[derbybarandgrill.com]
  • Cohen N D, Carey V J, Donahue J G, Seahorn J L & Harrison L R (2003) Descriptive epidemiology of late-term abortions associated with the mare reproductive loss syndrome in central Kentucky. J Vet Diag Invest 15, 295-297 PubMed.[vetstream.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The expression of the inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α increase in case of infection.These cytokines may play an essential role in the pathophysiology of spontaneous pretem labor with intact membrane.An observational analytic[mji.ui.ac.id]
  • Pathophysiology Placentitis due to ascending cervical infections (of either bacterial or fungal origin) is characterized by infection in the cervical star area that extends a variable distance along the body of the placenta.[vetstream.com]
  • .: 231369427 Diesen Titel auf die Merkliste setzen In vivo : international journal of experimental and clinical pathophysiology and drug research / International Institute of Anticancer Research Kapandriti, Attiki : IIAR Nachgewiesen 18.2004 - Titel In[zdb-katalog.de]

Prevention

  • Ideal for both practitioners and students, this comprehensive resource covers the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infectious disease in horses.[books.google.de]
  • To prevent abortion, early detection of the condition is critical and waiting until clinical signs of placentitis develop may be too late.[veterinarypartner.vin.com]
  • Thickening at the cervical star can prevent it rupturing at birth or abortion, so that the chorion tears across the rostral body.[myeventflo.com]
  • Management Management and prevention of placentitis involves a number of factors. For viral abortion ( EHV ) this means vaccination of mares in their 5 th , 7 th and 9 th months of pregnancy.[longfordequine.com.au]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!