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Pleural Calcification

Pleural Fibrosis+calcific


Presentation

  • If no effusion is present, the two adjacent calcified pleurae may adhere together; and conversely, in the presence of fluid the pleural layers are separated, producing more than one linear density on the radiograph.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • No simultaneous phenomenon of polypnea, chest pain, tidal fever or night sweating was presented. He had hepatitis B for about 40 years and cirrhosis for 3 years without standard treatment.[med.amegroups.com]
  • Present Illness. —About fifteen years ago while working in a laundry the patient was attacked suddenly with severe dyspnea. She was unable to work for four months, during which time she had orthopnea and moderate ankle edema.[pubs.rsna.org]
Ankle Edema
  • She was unable to work for four months, during which time she had orthopnea and moderate ankle edema. After returning to work she had no complaints for the ensuing eight years.[pubs.rsna.org]
Pleural Disorder
  • Pleural Disorders Your pleura is a large, thin sheet of tissue that wraps around the outside of your lungs and lines the inside of your chest cavity. Between the layers of the pleura is a very thin space.[icdlist.com]
  • How Are Pleurisy and Other Pleural Disorders Diagnosed? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at . Accessed June 2012. Crawford Mechem, C. (Updated 2011 July 8). Emergent Management of Pleural Effusion.[labtestsonline.it]
Acute Abdomen
  • abdomen and new material on CT and MR angiography, lung cancer screening, pulmonary embolism, coronary artery calcium screening, and interventional CT techniques including radiofrequency ablation and CT fluoroscopy.[books.google.com]
Spastic Paralysis
  • Since 1925 she has been a complete invalid due to a spastic paralysis of both legs, accompanied by weakness of the abdominal muscles and complete anesthesia up to the umbilicus. She began to lose sphincter control early in 1926.[pubs.rsna.org]

Workup

Pulmonary Calcification
  • Pulmonary calcifications associated with chronic renal failure are rare conditions. However, a few such cases have been reported in the literature, and they were regarded as a sign of secondary hyperparathyroidism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • calcification Promoted articles (advertising)[radiopaedia.org]
  • Abstract Pulmonary calcifications associated with chronic renal failure are rare conditions. However, a few such cases have been reported in the literature, and they were regarded as a sign of secondary hyperparathyroidism.[birpublications.org]
  • Pulmonary calcifications: a review. Respir Med, 94 (2000), pp. 190-193 [5] K. Brown, D.F. Mund, D.R. Aberle, P. Batra, D.A. Young. Intrathoracic calcifications: radiographic features and differential diagnoses.[archbronconeumol.org]
Chest X-Ray Abnormal
  • Home » Tutorials » Chest X-ray Tutorials » Chest X-ray Abnormalities » Introduction » 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 » Conclusion Key points The pleura and pleural spaces are only visible when abnormal There should be no visible space between the visceral and[radiologymasterclass.co.uk]
X-Ray Abnormal
  • Home » Tutorials » Chest X-ray Tutorials » Chest X-ray Abnormalities » Introduction » 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 » Conclusion Key points The pleura and pleural spaces are only visible when abnormal There should be no visible space between the visceral and[radiologymasterclass.co.uk]
Nephrolithiasis
  • A case of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) with pleural calcification and nephrolithiasis is reported. The significance of peripheral white lines, a rarely reported observation on chest roentgenogram in PAM, is discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Restrictive Pulmonary Function
  • When plaque development was extensive, a small restrictive pulmonary function defect was noted. Because of its prevalence in the Metsovo area we call this clinical pattern Metsovo lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • This case highlights the importance of diagnostical anti-TB treatment. The bilateral diffuse pleural calcifications could be an unusual manifestation of pleural TB. Acknowledgements None.[med.amegroups.com]
  • It has seemed worth while to make a study of this condition because, being an end-result, its etiology has been disputed and obscure, its clinical significance is not well understood, and the indications for treatment are unknown.[annals.org]
  • DISCLAIMER: All material available on eHealthMe.com is for informational purposes only, and is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment provided by a qualified healthcare provider.[ehealthme.com]
  • Health care providers should be aware of the late complications of pneumothorax treatment for TB.[consultant360.com]
  • For patients who do not receive treatment, the median survival is six months; however, certain types of treatment can improve life expectancy significantly.[mesothelioma.com]

Prognosis

  • 'Prognosis is dismal as you have extensive pleural disease' c. 'Prognosis is dismal as you have both pleural and parenchymal disease'. d. 'Prognosis is dismal as your lung function is abnormal and there is nothing, which can reverse this'. e.[thoracic.org]
  • Free 2019 Pleural Mesothelioma Guide Free Pleural Mesothelioma Guide What Is the Prognosis for Pleural Mesothelioma? As with all types of malignant mesothelioma, prognosis for pleural mesothelioma is poor.[mesothelioma.com]
  • The epitheloid subtype has the best prognosis and sarcomatoid the worst [ 8 ]. All forms present similarly with chest pain, shortness of breath and weight loss [ 8 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Both types of plaques rarely cause symptoms, and one does no’t have a worse prognosis than the other.[healthguideinfo.com]
  • Of note, pleural dissemination of non-small cell lung cancer in the absence of a pleural effusion confers a better prognosis (a distinction of dry versus wet disease).[appliedradiology.com]

Etiology

  • […] in inhabitants in the Metsovo area, along with the striking similarities to disease patterns observed in the Karain area of Turkey, add further weight to the hypothesis that mineral fiber(s) in the environment of the four villages are agent(s) in the etiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It has seemed worth while to make a study of this condition because, being an end-result, its etiology has been disputed and obscure, its clinical significance is not well understood, and the indications for treatment are unknown.[annals.org]
  • The majority of etiologies in Table 5 would qualify as fistulas.[appliedradiology.com]
  • Differentials include malignant mesothelioma, asbestosis, or sequel of infective etiology. Rad says: Right pleural effusion , coarse pleural calcification posteriorly, soft tissue mass with an obtuse angle along the lateral chest wall.[blog.myesr.org]

Epidemiology

  • […] particles ("dust cells") Sequelae no association with lung cancer simple CWP like smoking, can produce centrilobular emphysema 1 cm fibrotic centers complicated CWP 1-2 cm fibrotic centers Caplan's syndrome CWP rheumatoid nodules in lungs Berylliosis Epidemiology[medbullets.com]
  • […] workers, Ann NY Acad Sci, 351: 132, 1965 3) Hourihane D O'B, Lessof L and Richardson PC: Hyaline and calcified pleural plaques as an index of exposure to asbestos, A study of radiological and pathological features of 100 cases with a consideration of epidemiology[jstage.jst.go.jp]
  • Merchant JA (1990) Human epidemiology: a review of fiber type and characteristics in the development of malignant and nonmalignant disease. Environ Health Perspect 88:287-93 46.[mhlw.go.jp]
  • Epidemiology Secondary Spontaneous Pneumothorax The incidence of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax depends on the underlying disease process.[what-when-how.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Overview Definition inhalation of small dust particles (coni latin for dust) Pathophysiology varied and based on the type of dust fibrogenicity coal (least), asbestos, silica, and beryllium (most) region of respiratory tract involved (and mechanism of[medbullets.com]

Prevention

  • The formation of fibrosis prevents the lungs from operating properly as the lungs become hardened and less flexible making breathing difficult.[scottishasbestoshelpline.co.uk]
  • A talc pleurodesis may be carried out to prevent further effusions.[asbestosassociation.com.au]
  • A talc pleurodesis may be carried out to prevent further effusion which involves the insertion of talc or some other agent into the chest wall to adhere the parietal and visceral pleura, obliterating the pleural cavity and leaving no area for fluid to[adss.org.au]
  • Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent[jdsupra.com]
  • […] seems reasonable to withhold preventive treatment until after a recurrence.[what-when-how.com]

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