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Pneumatosis Vaginalis

Vaginitis Emphysematous


Presentation

  • Presents a section devoted to clinical scenarios-organized by presenting signs or disease processes-covering those you're most likely to encounter in daily practice.[books.google.ro]
  • Each full-color case begins with a patient presentation and proceeds through differential diagnosis, diagnosis and treatment, surgical procedures, postoperative management, and a case conclusion.[books.google.de]
  • Peroperatively, 800 mL straw colored ascites was present. Right ovarian 5 Χ 5 cm and left ovarian 4 Χ 4 cm masses were present with the presence of variegated consistency and necrotic areas on cut sections. Omental caking was present.[onlinejets.org]
Hemophilia A
  • Of the following, the MOST likely cause of the bleeding is A. disseminated intravascular coagulation B. factor VIII deficiency hemophilia C. liver disease D. vitamin K deficiency E. von Willebrand disease 20- A newborn whose estimated gestational age[prep4usmle.com]
Inflammation
  • […] of vagina Inflammation of vaginal wall Inflammation of vaginal wall (finding) Mucopurulent vaginitis Mucopurulent vaginitis (disorder) NSV - Nonspecific vaginitis Nonspecific vaginitis PV - Vaginal infection Pneumatosis vaginalis Prepubertal vaginitis[averbis.com]
  • Its presence suggests entities that typically result in a greater degree of inflammation in the adjacent mesentery than in the bowel wall itself.[radiologykey.com]
  • Complications include bleeding, small bowel obstruction, inflammation (Meckel diverticulitis), and neoplasm[ 10 ].[wjgnet.com]
  • It may be an initial inciting event that eventually leads to NEC (i.e. ischemia causing mucosal edema, inflammation, etc.) or the end result (i.e. initial event causes mucosal edema, inflammation, etc. which then decreases the tissue perfusion and oxygenation[pediatriceducation.org]
  • The morphologic correlate is acute focal or diffuse swelling and inflammation of the pancreas.[elearning.sumdu.edu.ua]
Fever
  • […] year Circumcised boys less than 6 months Lower threshold for prolonged fever or if accompanied by vomiting Term Indications for CXR Fever 38 C Tachypnea 0-6 months RR 59 6-12 months RR 52 12-24 months RR 42 Definition Term Fever without source - Workup[flashcardmachine.com]
  • A 12-year-old immunosuppressed boy presented with self-limiting abdominal pain, low-grade fever and progressive scrotal swelling.[link.springer.com]
  • […] quadrant pain, fever, leukocytosis Pericolonic inflammation, adjacent diverticulum Epiploic appendagitis Nausea and fever are rare Fatty pericolonic mass with dense rim and central high-attenuation focus Omental infarction Right-sided greater than left-sided[radiologykey.com]
  • […] ssing disease-glandular fever/inf mononucleosis k!ssing ulcer-ant n post duodenal ulcers/vulval ulcer k![aippg.net]
  • Fever, nausea, and vomiting are somewhat variable. A tubal ovarian abscess often can complicate PID.[ahcmedia.com]
Falling
  • Review of these cases and of 32 reported cases falling within the pediatric age range discloses that the disease occurs most frequently in patients whose general condition is poor, that it is very often associated with congenital or acquired disease of[pediatrics.aappublications.org]
  • Preterm babies are proportionately small & their weights fall in the normal range for the GA -use Ballard scoring system to determine GA What are 5 complications of SGA babies? 1. Fetal death 2.[cram.com]
  • […] also called intestinal pneumatosis pneumatosis seasoned brown rice recipe reviews citrus pectin cystoides intestinalis or pneumatosis coli) is pneumatosis of Lyrics to ‘Heart Attack’ by Demi Lovato: So I’m putting my defenses up ‘Cause I don’t wanna fall[ediempoli.eu]
  • There was no history of any foreign body insertion, vigorous douching, fall, or any other trauma. Iatrogenic persistence of air in the peritoneum is unlikely to persist 10 weeks postsurgery.[onlinejets.org]
  • Tack both ends to the fascia so they don’t fall back into the abdomen. The distal end almost always sloughs off, so leave a little length to avoid it receding behind the fascia. It is not necessary to mature the stoma. Dr.[videolibrary.globalcastmd.com]
Weakness
  • Celiac sprue Dx : Diarrheaa, steatorrhea, weightloss, weakness. Associated with dermatitis herpetiformis. Celiac sprue Dx : Diarrheaa, steatorrhea, weightloss, weakness.[aippg.net]
  • Formation of cystic spaces in mature teratoma can be due to dilatation of lymphatic vessels confirmed by FVIII positivity though only focal and weak(10).[newslab.sk]
  • Inguinal hernias may be caused by weak- ening of muscular aponeurosis and fascia due to age, cigarette smoking, or collagen deficiency.3,34 Weakness in the linea alba at the umbilicus leads to umbilical/paraumbilical hernia.[docsity.com]
Physician
  • A medical malpractice claim was brought against the physicians in State Court in Idaho.[ahcmedia.com]
  • Emergency physicians are often the first to recognize pneumoperitoneum in the patient.[signavitae.com]
  • - Bowel biopsy to demonstrate lack of ganglionic cells A previously healthy 7 weeks-old boy is brought to the physician because of a 3-day history of vomiting.[brainscape.com]
  • Oral antibiotic therapy Initiation of a high-fiber diet A 52-year-old man visits his primary care physician for a routine physical examination.[quizlet.com]
  • He also has a great post about the "collaborative" nature of decision making in the modern physician/patient relationship, especially with regard to cancer treatment options.[buckeyesurgeon.com]
Malignant Pleural Effusion
  • 例句: 中剂量顺铂胸腔给药治疗癌性胸腔 积液 Intrapleural DDP in the Treatment of Malignant Pleural Effusions 渗出液中蛋白质含量较高,会导致体腔 积液 。 Exudation of a protein-rich fluid into a cavity leads to a transudate. 鞘膜 积液 hydrocele of tunica vaginalis 结果 宫腔 积液 在ART周期中发生率为4 74 %。[cidianwang.com]
Nausea
  • […] insufficiency or infection with gas producing bacteria, such as Clostridia ( Am J Med Sci 2006;332:100 ) Clinical features Either benign or fulminant form Often indolent clinical course, although radiographically can resemble carcinoma Patients may have nausea[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • […] pain Nausea and fever are rare Triangular or ovoid fatty/heterogeneous lesion deep to right anterior abdominal wall Mesenteric fat stranding can result from a broad variety of inflammatory and neoplastic disease processes; therefore, it is important[radiologykey.com]
  • A 23-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with a 2-day history of cramping abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. She also reports passing dark stools.[quizlet.com]
  • The hallmark presenting symptom is diarrhoea; however, patients may also present with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever or anal pain [ 5 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Fever, nausea, and vomiting are somewhat variable. A tubal ovarian abscess often can complicate PID.[ahcmedia.com]
Jaundice
  • They can occur anywhere, vary in size, & are sharply demarcated Cephalohematoma Overlying nondepressed skull fracture Jaundice may require phototherapy This is a subperiosteal bleed due to birth trauma.[cram.com]
  • ERCP This baby is a full term and has 14 days of jaundice, therefore needs an urgent conjugated bilirubin check to rule out biliary atresia. If physiological jaundice the unconjugated bilirubin levels will be increased.[brainscape.com]
  • Risk Factors HBV, HCV, Alcoholic cirrhosis, Aflatoxins (fungal metabolites) Benign Hep Adenomas oral contraceptives Exocrine Pancreatic CA Ductal CA, Courvoiser's Law palpable nontender GB in a jaundiced patient is a head of Pancreas tumor.[usmleforum.com]
  • Nov 14, 2007 - 12:15 AM #1 1- A 2-week-old infant is jaundiced.[prep4usmle.com]
  • Charcot's triad (fever, right upper quadrant pain, jaundice) suggests ascending cholangitis. If obstruction to bile flow occurs, jaundice and acholic stools are seen.[elearning.sumdu.edu.ua]
Eruptions
  • […] pelpermissible exposure level pelprimary effusion lymphoma pempolymorphic epithelial mucin pemprotein energy malnutrition pemtphosphatidylethanolamine methyltransferase penpenicillin pepparietal epithelial cell pepphosphoenolpyruvate peppolymorphic eruption[medabb.com]
Muscle Cramp
  • McArdles Disease musclephosphorylase is absent, muscle cramps & incr. myoglobin after exercise Jaundice Prehepatic hemolysis, gilbert's disease, Crigler Najjar; Hepatic hepatocellular or cholestatic; Post Hepatic Biliary obstruction, AST & LDH also incr[usmleforum.com]
Suggestibility
  • Each case includes key technical steps, potential pitfalls, take-home points, and suggested readings. The patient stories in these clinical scenarios provide context to faciliate learning the principles of safe surgical care.[books.google.de]
  • In addition, multiple tubular structures are seen in the right hemithorax, suggestive of bowel. These ultrasound and color Doppler images are suggestive of right diaphragmatic hernia, and a very large one at that.[ultrasound-images.com]
  • In this setting, meconium in the rectum can erroneously suggest a small presacral mass. However, if air entirely surrounds the meconium mass, it will outline the contour of the mass and suggests the correct diagnosis.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • A tissue biopsy of the laparotomy specimen showed the presence of "empty-looking" broad aseptate fungal hyphae of irregular width, occasionally branching, suggestive of mucormycosis.[indianpediatrics.net]
Spastic Paralysis
  • Tetanus Opisthotonus(severe spastic paralysis) 53. Syphilis (chancre) 54. Entamoeba histolytica(cause of amoebiasis) 55. Giardia lamblia(Giardiasis) 56.[slideshare.net]
Dysuria
  • A 4 year old boy presents with symptoms of dysuria and urinary frequency. A urine dipstick is positive for blood and nitrites. A UTI is suspected. Which of the following follow up strategies is most appropriate? A. Watchful waiting B. Cystoscopy C.[brainscape.com]
  • ., dysuria or frequency) can occur when an inflamed appendix is lying near the ureter or bladder. Physical exam Most specific finding: Rebound tenderness, pain on percussion, rigidity, and guarding (in the McBurney's point area).[elearning.sumdu.edu.ua]
  • Clinical symptoms of dysuria, increased urinary frequency, and hematuria are common. The presence of pneumaturia is a rare, although more specific, clinical finding.[pubs.rsna.org]
  • He denies dysuria, melena, hematochezia, or a history of similar symptoms. Yesterday, he reports he felt perfectly well. He has no significant past medical, surgical or family history.[quizlet.com]
Dyspareunia
  • CASE REPORT A 43-yr-old woman presented with a 12-mo history of worsening menorrhagia and dyspareunia. She had no significant medical history and in particular no history of immunosuppression, diabetes, or hormonal therapy.[docksci.com]
Urinary Hesitancy
  • A 3 year old boy is brought to the clinic with symptoms of urinary hesitancy and poor stream. Which of the following is the most likely underlying diagnosis? A. Benign prostatic hypertrophy B. Posterior urethral valves C. Neurogenic bladder D.[brainscape.com]
Urinary Retention

Workup

  • Other associated anomalies such as congenital heart disease, genitourinary tract malformations, and musculoskeletal disorders are common in these infants, and appropriate preoperative workup is necessary.[basicmedicalkey.com]
  • […] appreciable amount of fecal mate- rial that may continue to pass for some time.5,6 RADIOLOGIC EVALUATION OF BOWEL OBSTRUCTION Plain Abdominal Radiographs The plain radiograph of the abdomen has tradition- ally been used as the first radiologic study in the workup[docsity.com]
  • […] than 1 year Circumcised boys less than 6 months Lower threshold for prolonged fever or if accompanied by vomiting Term Indications for CXR Fever 38 C Tachypnea 0-6 months RR 59 6-12 months RR 52 12-24 months RR 42 Definition Term Fever without source - Workup[flashcardmachine.com]
  • Headaches presenting in patients with a history of melanoma need to be further workup to role out brain metastasis.[quizlet.com]

Treatment

  • Each full-color case begins with a patient presentation and proceeds through differential diagnosis, diagnosis and treatment, surgical procedures, postoperative management, and a case conclusion.[books.google.de]
  • Treatment: primary abdominal wall closure, TPN; Silastic silo if unreducible Omphalocele (“good bowel, bad baby”) bowel hernia with peritoneal covering.[dailyabsitequestions.blogspot.com]
  • (a) Pre-treatment axial contrast-enhanced CT of the pelvis demonstrates the surgical anastomosis (arrows) prior to commencement of treatment, with mild pre-sacral soft tissue thickening (arrowhead).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract The usual accepted mode of treatment of neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and pneumoperitoneum is surgical. However, in a select group of patients conservative treatment is feasible.[afrjpaedsurg.org]

Prognosis

  • This finding suggests that age at NEC onset may affect prognosis in full-term infants.[nature.com]
  • Uniformly, the prognosis has been grave with only 4 cases being diagnosed antemortem leading to surgical intervention and antifungal therapy and only 3 survived(3,5,9).[indianpediatrics.net]
  • Treatment and Prognosis Simple sliding hiatal hernias do not require treatment. Patients with symptomatic giant sliding hiatal hernias, paraesophageal, or mixed hernias should be offered surgery.[clinicalgate.com]
  • Clinical indicators of poor prognosis include development of acute renal failure and thrombocytopenia ( , 39 ).[pubs.rsna.org]
  • Typhlitis, or inflammation of the cecum, is more frequently seen in immunocompromised patients and is characterized by marked thickening and hypervascularity; increased thickness of the wall may correlate with a worse prognosis[ 70, 71 ].[wjgnet.com]

Etiology

  • Endometrial pneumatosis remains an enigmatic condition of uncertain etiology but it appears to be self-limited with no known pathologic sequelae. Departments of Histopathology (Y.J.C., C.J.R.S.)[dev-journals2013.lww.com]
  • The etiology of pneumatosis is not completely understood but 2 broad categories, infective and noninfective, are recognized.[docksci.com]
  • Definition / general Submucosal gas filled cysts within gastrointestinal tract Sites Entire gastrointestinal tract can be affected Etiology In infants, fulminant form is associated with necrotizing enterocolitis and may be fatal Also associated with cystic[pathologyoutlines.com]
  • Etiologies in humans may include bowel necrosis due to bowel ischemia, infarction, necrotizing enterocolitis, neutropenic colitis, volvulus, and sepsis.[vin.com]
  • The etiology of pneumatosis cystoides-like structures in ovarian teratomas is not clear. The first case of ovarian mature cystic teratoma with pneumatosis cystoides-like struc- tures was published in 1989 by Maudsley and Zakhour(9).[newslab.sk]

Epidemiology

  • Further understanding of the epidemiology of these infections and their sequelae are needed to formulate public health strategies. ( 2 )( 3 ) Objectives After completing the article, the reader should be able to: Appreciate the epidemiology and risk factors[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]
  • Balbaa Enzymes Characterization in Diabetes mellitus PPT Version PDF Version Borzenko Berta Georgiyevna Disoders of Purine and Pyrimidine Nucleotides Metabolism in Human Gastrointestinal Tract Cancer PPT Version PDF Version Tarek Mohmmed Tawfik Amin Epidemiology[omicsonline.org]
  • Google Scholar European Center for Disease Control and Prevention: Annual epidemiological report 2012.[bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com]
  • The epidemiology of perinatal mortality in multiple births. Bull N Y Acad Med 1990 ;66: 618 - 637 4. Ghai V, Vidyasagar D. Morbidity and mortality factors in twins: an epidemiologic approach. Clin Perinatol 1988 ;15: 123 - 140 5.[nejm.org]
  • The epidemiology and pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis. Semin Neonatol 1997;2:231-8.[afrjpaedsurg.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Prematurity and low birthweight ( NEC is a multifactorial disease with an unclear pathophysiology.[hawaii.edu]
  • Draw your own conclusions, or at least think about the ramifications of our ability to salvage patients from what had historically been death sentences with advances in critical care and increased understanding of the pathophysiology of SIRS/multiple[buckeyesurgeon.com]
  • Current clinical and experimental data support the concept that the pathophysiology of NEC remains enigmatic and multifactorial.[basicmedicalkey.com]
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Bowel obstruction causes distention of the gut through the accumulation of both gas and fluid.[docsity.com]
  • Prognostic value and pathophysiologic significance of the rim sign in cholescintigraphy. J Nucl Med 1987 ; 28:1679-1682. Medline , Google Scholar 14 Vingan HL, Wohlgemuth SD, Bell JS, III.[pubs.rsna.org]

Prevention

  • […] a lack of clinical awareness and optimal diagnostic tests and limited means for therapy and prevention.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]
  • - Localised abdominal compartment syndrome: bladder-over-gastric pressure ration (B/G ratio) as a clue to diagnosis MALBRAIN MLNG, DE LAET IE, WILLEMS A et al. abstract details 107 - 114 - Are ACE-inhibitors or ARB's still needed for cardiovascular prevention[poj.peeters-leuven.be]
  • The elusiveness of the etiology of NEC has made it difficult to establish effective preventive measures.[hawaii.edu]
  • Identifying cases in which laparotomy can be avoided is important to prevent unnecessary surgery and its associated morbidity and financial costs.[signavitae.com]
  • The rationale for elective repair is to prevent the complications associated with incarceration.[basicmedicalkey.com]

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