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Pregnancy


Presentation

  • CONCLUSION: Based on this case report, women with mild clinical presentation of MS before pregnancy can conceive and carry successfully to term with no or improved disease presentation. Copyright 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Two days after discharge, she again presented with fever, chills, and body aches. A malaria smear showed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present the case of a 47-year-old female who presented to us with bilateral gigantomastia in her 16th week of gestation. She had massively enlarged breasts which were very painful. Relevant laboratory investigations were normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We herein present a true rarity of the coexistence of a blighted ovum and an ectopic pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a rare case of anembryonic pregnancy occurring in a woman with levonorgestrel-releasing implant (JADELLE ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Increased Susceptibility to Infections
  • DIAGNOSES: The patient had a history of increased susceptibility to infections and autoimmune phenomena. From diagnosis at the age 29, she received IVIg replacement with partial response to treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Restless Legs Syndrome
  • KEYWORDS: Pregnancy; Restless legs syndrome; Sleep; Willis-Ekbom disease[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Restless legs syndrome (RLS) - symptoms of RLS include unpleasant feelings in the legs, sometimes described as creepy, tingly or achy.[sleepfoundation.org]
Mastodynia
  • Pain - breast; Mastalgia; Mastodynia; Breast tenderness Hunt KK, Mittendorf EA. Diseases of the breast. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 34.[nlm.nih.gov]
Dysarthria
  • We describe the case of a healthy 31-year-old G2P1 who presented with visual changes and dysarthria during pregnancy. Imaging showed cerebral infarcts. Her thrombophilia evaluation was negative.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Amenorrhea
  • PATIENT CONCERNS: A 28-year-old woman presented with amenorrhea diagnosed as an 11-week cesarean scar pregnancy after an unsuccessful abortion. The patient's serum human chorionic gonadotropin level was 40,542 mIU/mL.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present the case of a 30-year-old, gravida 2 para 1 at the 36-week period of amenorrhea (POA) with congenital CHB. She was asymptomatic throughout her pregnancy despite having a pulse rate between 40 and 50 beats per minute.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Amenorrhea - Missing Your Period The 2WW Pregnancy Symptoms Cramps and Cramping Symptoms All Pregnancy Signs & Symptoms Nausea as an Early Pregnancy Sign Breast Tenderness Tired and Fatigued: First Pregnancy Sign Spotting Ovulation Symptoms Viable Pregnancy[babymed.com]
  • By McGee Nall Advertisement - Continue Reading Below Health & Injuries May 22, 2017 What Runners Should Know About Missing Periods Amenorrhea is a red flag for health problems.[runnersworld.com]

Workup

  • Her admission blood pressure was 193/108 mmHg, she had 8 g proteinuria, normal creatinine, and negative immunological and infectious workup.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The CVD StripAssay (ViennaLab, Austria) was used to analyze the CVD genes on 70 women with RPL history as part of the initial routine workup for recurrent miscarriage at the American University of Beirut Medical Center.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • According to the extensive workup and the post-partum normalization of PTH and calcium levels, we conclude that excessive secretion of placental PTHrP was the cause of hypercalcemia in this patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • “There’s no treatment facility for these women there, and it would be a substantial drive for a woman caught in one of these situations to go to an approved treatment facility.[web.archive.org]
  • "There’s no treatment facility for these women there, and it would be a substantial drive for a woman caught in one of these situations to go to an approved treatment facility.[salon.com]
  • Nevertheless, this tool is a late indicator to suggest any additional treatments.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Surgery is the only curative treatment when conservative treatment could not control the condition.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • It has been approved for treatment in primary and secondary antibody immunodeficiency. To date, it has not been reported in the literature as therapy of choice during pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Gastric cancer in pregnancy is associated with poor prognosis because of its delayed diagnosis at an advance stage. We present our patient here, with this rare clinical diagnosis and with no suspicion in a young healthy woman.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A high index of suspicion could lead to early diagnosis, prompt management and a favourable prognosis even in a low-income setting. KEYWORDS: Blighted ovum; Case report; Ectopic pregnancy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The clinical management of IgA renal patients during pregnancy is challenging, as complex pathophysiological changes may occur that affect both the patient's prognosis and the outcome of the pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Diagnosis, management, and prognosis. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 64, 1027–1033 (2011). 59. Jaskowski, T. D. et al. IgA anti-epidermal transglutaminase antibodies in dermatitis herpetiformis and pediatric celiac disease. J. Invest.[dx.doi.org]

Etiology

  • The etiology of secondary ectopic pregnancy at the laparoscopic puncture site was mainly an iatrogenic factor. Therefore, the procedure should be standardized to avoid its occurrence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND: Meningiomas are common intracranial neoplasms of undetermined etiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This study recruited 103 patients diagnosed by a physician with RPL of unknown etiology and 76 controls from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at a medical center in southern Taiwan between August 2013 and August 2017.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Observations concerning the microbial etiology of acute salpingitis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1994; 170 (4) 1008-1014, discussion 1014–1017 84 Jossens MO, Schachter J, Sweet RL.[doi.org]
  • Etiologies and predictors of diagnosis in nonresponsive celiac disease. Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 5, 445–450 (2007). 61. Ludvigsson, J. F., Lindelof, B., Zingone, F. & Ciacci, C.[dx.doi.org]

Epidemiology

  • Given epidemiologic findings, a malaria smear was performed and showed 4% parasitemia. She was treated with mefloquine and discharged. Two days after discharge, she again presented with fever, chills, and body aches. A malaria smear showed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Further epidemiological studies with larger sample sizes and control groups are necessary to draw more definite conclusions. Copyright 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Epidemiological studies suggest that immigrants from China and Vietnam have the highest incidence of chronic hepatitis B virus carrier status. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd (unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Author information 1 1Department of Immunisation, Hepatitis and Blood Safety, Public Health England, London, UK. 2 2Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Ambition Health Private Limited, Gurgaon, India. 3 3National Technical Advisory Group on[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Chotpitayasunondh T 7 , Gonzales O 8 , Bhargav S 3 , Thompson MG 6 , Chotpitayasunondh B 7 , Florian R 9 , Prakash A 3 , Arriola S 6 , Macareo L 10 , Das P 3 , Cabrera S 11 , La Rosa S 5 , Azziz-Baumgartner E 6 ; Pregnancy and Influenza Multinational Epidemiologic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiological changes create conditions for obstetric and perinatal complications, the most important complications of which is gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, pathological course of labor, increased operative delivery, fetal distress[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Keywords T cell apoptosis complications cytokine embryo fetus hormones leukemia macrophages pathophysiology physiology placenta pregnancy regulation reproduction Editors and affiliations Gil Mor 1 1.[doi.org]
  • The literature review of these cases highlights the significance of identification, understanding pathophysiology and a multidisciplinary approach to these conditions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The clinical management of IgA renal patients during pregnancy is challenging, as complex pathophysiological changes may occur that affect both the patient's prognosis and the outcome of the pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prevention

  • Final recommendation statement: Folic acid for the prevention of neural tube defects: Preventive medication.[nichd.nih.gov]
  • ., USA. 5 The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Geveva, Switzerland. 6 Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 1998. Recommendations to prevent and control iron deficiency in the United States. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 47 (3), 1-36. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2005.[ideafit.com]
  • Despite the frequency of and significant costs related to unintended pregnancy, it has received less attention in research and prevention guidelines development than other important health threats.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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