Premenstrual syndrome describes a group of symptoms, including breast tenderness, headache, abdominal cramps, fatigue, mood swings, irritability and dysphoria, that occur between ovulation and the onset of menstruation.
Premenstrual syndrome presents itself with a combination of physical and emotional symptoms. These include:
Women with PMS do not experience all the above symptoms at the same time.
There are no particular diagnostic tools for diagnosing PMS. Women need to consult their gynecologist when they begin experiencing unusual symptoms prior to menstrual cycle. It is also advised that women maintain a record diary wherein they would keep track of all the symptoms experienced during the week before the menstrual cycle begins. It is also necessary that women also make note of the date of initiation of period and the date when it ends.
Medications form the preliminary and most important part of treatment regime . The following is the list of medications that are prescribed for treating PMS:
In addition to medications, women are also advised to exercise regularly and stay physically active. Diet rich in vitamins and minerals and low in salt is also advised to avoid water retention during PMS.
Symptoms of PMS tend to get better with appropriate treatment. Medications and changes in life style have shown to play major role in improvement of PMS symptoms. However, a small percentage of women continue to suffer from severe symptoms until menopause.
The following are the complications associated with PMS:
The exact cause of premenstrual syndrome is unknown. However, several factors that are known to play a significant role in development of PMS have been listed below:
PMS is a very common condition and it has been estimated that 3 out of every 4 women are affected with this condition. In the United States, about 90% of women suffer from PMS at least once in their lifetime. Women who smokes has twice the propensity to develop severe PMS than non-smokers .
Changes in the hormonal levels during the ovulation period are known to trigger premenstrual syndrome. A significant shift in the hormonal levels can cause drastic mood changes and can trigger symptoms of PMS. A diet that is low in magnesium and calcium can also trigger PMS. When nutritional supplements were given to menstruating women suffering from PMS, a significant improvement in the symptoms was noticed. Research has also found a strong link between deficiency of serotonin – brain chemical and PMS. PMS become totally non-existent beyond menopausal .
An active lifestyle and a healthy diet can go a long way in preventing PMS. Staying physically active and exercising regularly can help keep several symptoms of PMS at bay . A proper diet combined with regular exercise helps relieve stress, improves the energy levels and has a positive impact on the mood of the individual.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to group of symptoms experienced at least a week before the menstrual period. Women in their late 20s and early 30s tend to experience these symptoms than their younger counterparts.
Emotional and physical symptoms are experienced during this period. However, the degree of intensity of these symptoms varies from one cycle to another. The symptoms begin approximately ten days before the commencement of the cycle and fade off either before the day or on the first day of the menstrual cycle. In some cases, women tend to experience severe symptoms prior to their menstrual cycle; such condition is referred to as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) .
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is defined as group of symptoms that begins a week or two before the onset of menstrual cycle. The symptoms generally fade away with the commencement of menstruation. It is a common problem and is known to affect about 75% of women worldwide.
The exact cause that triggers PMS is not known. However, hormonal changes, poor dietary habits and lifestyle factors are known to play foul.
Women with PMS experience both emotional as well as physical symptoms which include breast tenderness, bloating, constipation or diarrhea, weight gain due to fluid retention, mood swings, depression, crying spells, fatigue, sleep problems, headache, joint aches, acne break outs and food cravings.
There are no specialized diagnostic procedures to detect PMS. However, women are advised to visit their gynecologist once they experience some unusual symptoms prior to their regular periods.
Medications form the basis of treatment regime. Antidepressants, NSAIDs, oral contraceptives and diuretics are prescribed to relieve the symptoms caused due to PMS. Adopting good dietary habits and following an active lifestyle also has a positive impact on PMS.