Individuals with proctitis experience the following signs and symptoms:
Proctitis is diagnosed by using the following tests :
Treatment for proctitis is tailored according to the cause of the condition. The following are the various methods employed differently for each causative factor:
The various factor that favor the development of proctitis include:
It has been estimated that about 30% of the individuals with inflammatory bowel disease develop proctitis later in their life. Also, 5 to 20% of individuals who have undergone radiation therapy for cancer treatment are susceptible to the development of proctitis. Development of chronic radiation proctitis can occur any time within 30 years after the first exposure to radiation .
Males are at an increased risk to contract this condition. Proctitis is more prevalent amongst the adult population. It has also been reported that the incidence of proctitis is higher amongst the Jewish population.
The condition of proctitis essentially involves inflammation of the lining of rectum. Such a type of condition causes loss of mucosal cells along with fibrosis of connective tissues of the rectum. If the condition is not promptly treated, it can favor ischemia of the rectal tissue which can in turn cause bleeding accompanied by the development of ulcers and formation of fistula. Proctitis affects only the last 6 inches of the rectum .
Practicing safe sex and preventing the sexually transmitted diseases can help keep proctitis at bay. Individuals who are sexually active are advised against practising anal sex. In addition, those individuals who already have been diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases are advised not to indulge in sex until they have been completely cured.
Rectum is a muscular tube which is connected to the end of the colon. It is responsible for passage of stool out of the body. Inflammation in the lining of the rectum can cause significant amount of discomfort. Pain in the rectum and constant urge to pass stool are the common symptoms experienced by the patients. Proctitis can be acute or chronic in nature .
Proctitis is characterized by inflammation of the lining of rectum. It is a cause of great discomfort for the affected individuals. Males are more prone to develop the condition than females. Inflammatory bowel disease, radiation therapy and infections are the major cause of proctitis. It has been reported that, about 30% of individuals with inflammatory bowel disease develop proctitis. Radiation therapy received as a part of cancer treatment also predisposes an individual to develop such a type of condition. Affected individuals suffer from pain in the rectum, accompanied by bleeding and passing of blood and mucus in the stools. In addition, there is constant urge to pass stools and certain percentage of individuals also suffers from diarrhea. The treatment varies with the type of causative factor that has triggered the onset of proctitis.