Pseudogout is a common crystal-induced arthropathy caused by calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals.
The following are the signs and symptoms of pseudogout:
Signs and symptoms of pseudogout are similar to those of gout. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out various tests to arrive at a definitive conclusion. The following methods are employed to diagnose pseudogout:
Pseudogout cannot be cured, however various treatment methods can help in effective management of the condition. Treatment regime is geared towards relieving the symptoms and discomfort experienced due to the arthritic attack. The following methods are employed for management of pseudogout:
Prognosis of the condition is usually favorable with timely initiation of treatment. Affected individuals are reported to do well with medications and other therapies. Acute attacks are known to resolve within 10 days of receiving treatment.
Complications occur when the individuals do not seek proper medical treatment. In such cases, the joint undergoes constant and permanent damage by the deposited crystals.
The deposition of calcium pyrophosphate crystals in the joints gives rise to development of pseudogout. What triggers the deposition of calcium salts is not known, but advancing age is thought to be the major factor. More than 50% of individuals aged 85 years and above have deposits of calcium salts in their joints. However, not all of them develop pseudogout. The reason behind this is still not understood. Genetic transmission has also been implicated in the expression of pseudogout .
Some of the risk factors contributing to development of deposition of calcium pyrophosphate crystals include the following:
Pseudogout is a common occurrence affecting about 1.3 per 1000 adult individuals. Incidence of pseudogout varies with age and older aged individuals, especially women, are known to be more affected by this condition.
It has also been estimated that about 30% of individuals above the age of 60 years and 50% individuals above 90 years were found to have deposits of calcium crystals in their joints. In addition, there is a considerable amount of risk associated with onset of pseudogout and development of heart diseases in the affected individuals.
Deposition of calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals in the joints of individuals gives rise to pseudogout . The exact factor that triggers such a kind of event is yet to be figured out. The deposition of the calcium pyrophosphate crystals in the joints causes the area to swell and be painful. The affected area also feels warm when touched.
The knee is the most common joint for development of pseudogout; however other areas such as ankle and wrist can also be affected. There are crystal arthropathies that involve both pseudogout and gout at the same time .
Pseudogout cannot be prevented. However, the various conditions that can give rise to development of such a condition should be treated to avoid the onset of pseudogout.
Pseudogout also known as calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease is caused due to deposition of calcium pyrophosphate crystals in the joints . It is a type of arthritis significantly affecting the knee and other joints. Pseudogout is a serious condition causing pain and inflammation and the attacks can last for several days to weeks, severely affecting the patients life.
Pseudogout needs appropriate diagnosis and prompt treatment to avoid worsening of the condition. Women fall easy prey to this arthritic condition as compared to males. Pseudogout received its identity in the year 1962 when the condition was described to have independent characteristic features from gout.
Pseudogout is a type of arthritis that severely affects the joints causing inflammation and pain. In this condition, crystals of calcium pyrophosphate get deposited in the joint. Females are more prone to contract this condition than males.
Age is known to be the most common factor for pseudogout. As individual ages, the crystals get deposited into the joints giving rise to arthritic pain. Certain underlying conditions are also known to give rise to pseudogout. These are thyroid disorders, parathyroid diseases, Wilson disease, acromegaly and hemochromatosis.
Symptoms of pseudogout precipitate as pain and inflammation in the affected joints. The affected area is also warm to touch. An attack of pseudogout lasts for several days and should usually resolve with prompt initiation of treatment.
Diagnosis of pseudogout is carried out by an X-ray examination of the joints that reveal the presence of crystals and damage to the area. In addition, laboratory tests are also conducted to determine the presence of any underlying disease conditions. In many cases, the fluid from the joint is also tested for the presence of crystals.
Pseudogout cannot be cured. With appropriate medications and therapies the condition can be effectively managed and symptoms kept under control. Medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids are employed for relieving the pain and inflammation in the joint. Individuals prone to frequent attacks are given colchicines as a preventive regime. Fluid that gets accumulated in the joints can also be removed to reduce the associated pain and inflammation.