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Psychosomatic Disorder

Stendhal Syndrome


Presentation

  • The spectrum of psychosomatic disorders is broad but common presentations include health anxiety and hypochondrias.[privatepsychiatristpractice.co.uk]
  • Subjects included thirty-two in-patients on a psychosomatic medicine unit (somatizing group), thirty-one out-patients who presented to a psychology clinic (psychiatric group), and thirty-four dental patients (comparison group).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Pediatricians frequently encounter patients in their daily clinical practice who present having chronic or recurrent symptoms that do not suggest a physical disorder.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]
Recurrent Abdominal Pain
  • Among children, these chronic and vague somatic symptoms frequently include recurrent abdominal pain, headache, and musculoskeletal pain.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]
  • - Symptom onset of 6 months (recurrent abdominal pain) - For at least 3 days/month for the last 3 months; improvement with defecation and change in frequency or form of stool IN UK 2 OF: - Bloating/Hardness of Abdomen - Symptoms Worsen After Eating -[quizlet.com]
  • J Child Psychol Psychiat 31(4):637–649 View Article PubMed Google Scholar Galli F, D’Antuono G, Tarantino S, Viviano F, Borrelli O, Chirumbolo A, Cucchiara S, Guidetti V (2007) Headache and recurrent abdominal pain: a controlled study by the means of[thejournalofheadacheandpain.biomedcentral.com]
Chronic Abdominal Pain
  • . • Dermatology: psoriasis, eczema… • Child psychosomatic troubles (Chronic Abdominal Pain, Enuresis, appetite troubles…) in which the relation child -mother is so important![homeopathtyler.wordpress.com]
  • Child psychosomatic troubles (Chronic Abdominal Pain, Enuresis, appetite troubles...) in which the relation child -mother is so important![anjoumedecine.free.fr]
Eczema
  • Among those ailments are problems with the skin like eczema, which is scaly and dry skin (although there are varying forms).[activebeat.com]
  • ,eczema, asthma, psoriasis, are aggravated by emotional states, such as anxiety and depression.[oxfordreference.com]
  • Some physical diseases, like psoriasis, eczema, stomach ulcers, high blood pressure, and heart disease are thought to be particularly prone to be made worse by mental factors such as stress and anxiety.[psiquiatra-madrid.es]
  • These include skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis; high blood pressure; heart problems and more. Psychosomatic disorders frequently affect the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems as well as the cardiovascular system.[centerforanxietydisorders.com]
  • For example, these include psoriasis, eczema, stomach ulcers, high blood pressure and heart disease.[patient.info]

Workup

  • To start, it's vital that clients receive a thorough medical workup if they haven't done so already, says psychiatrist Joel Dimsdale, MD, professor emeritus at the University of California, San Diego, who was a member of the DSM-5 somatic symptoms work[apa.org]

Treatment

  • The aim of the study was to clarify anamnestic and personality differences between the groups and investigate their treatment motivation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Trials involving random assignment of risperidone and other treatments for long-term treatment are needed.[healthdirect.gov.au]
  • Treatment and prevention of bruxism Among global and multi-disciplinary treatments of bruxism, you’ll find the following: Dental treatment Occlusal adjustments or a bite splint.[steptohealth.com]
  • Treatment approaches also vary according to which somatoform disorder a person has.[en.wikibooks.org]

Prognosis

  • However, I refused to accept the prognosis. I was transferred to the Trauma Intensive Care Unit. Each day, I prayed to the Divine for cellular transformation.[trivedieffect.com]
  • Somatization: Treatment and prognosis. . Accessed April 22, 2015. AskMayoExpert. Somatic symptoms disorder. Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015. Somatic symptom disorder. The Merck Manual Professional Edition. .[web.archive.org]
  • In the case of adults and a short duration of illness, prognosis is generally good.[egms.de]
  • Now he had a prognosis. He could anticipate recovery. He could contact his workplace and tell them he had a functional neurological disorder, that he had to undergo intensive physiotherapy, but that he would get better.[theguardian.com]

Etiology

  • Image Credit: Sohel Parvez Haque / Shutterstock Etiology The exact cause for the evolution of psychosomatic disorder is unknown.[news-medical.net]
  • Organic etiology for the symptoms must be ruled out. Appropriate mental health consultation should be considered for further evaluation and treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The etiology of somatoform disorders is often unclear and the complex interaction of biological, environmental, social, and psychological factors produces a...[link.springer.com]
  • "By eliminating the concept of medically unexplained symptoms, the DSM-5 criteria prevent the easy assumption of a psychiatric diagnosis in patients who present with medical symptoms of unclear etiology."[web.archive.org]

Epidemiology

  • From: psychosomatic disorders in A Dictionary of Public Health » Subjects: Medicine and health — Public Health and Epidemiology Related content in Oxford Reference Reference entries psychosomatic disorders in A Dictionary of Public Health Length: 40 words[oxfordreference.com]
  • Abstract The results of a psycho-epidemiologic field study are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract An abridged somatization construct (the Somatic Symptom Index) derived from the Diagnostic Interview Schedule's somatization disorder items was tested on community epidemiological samples to examine its prevalence, risk factors, and predictive[doi.org]
  • Epidemiological statistics • Approximately 30% of the adult population in the United States is hypertensive. (American Heart Association, 2005).[slideshare.net]
  • Somatization: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, medical evaluation, and diagnosis. . Accessed April 22, 2015. Greenberg DB. Somatization: Treatment and prognosis. . Accessed April 22, 2015. AskMayoExpert. Somatic symptoms disorder.[web.archive.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Epigenetic mechanisms, mainly occurring during early infancy and childhood, play an important role in the pathophysiology of headaches.[thejournalofheadacheandpain.biomedcentral.com]
  • The potential role of hypocortisolism in the pathophysiology of stress-related bodily disorders. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 25(1), 1-35. ‎ Pagina 52 - In: Wall PD, Melzack R (eds), Textbook of pain. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh... ‎[books.google.it]
  • Pathophysiology The pathophysiology of somatic symptom disorder is unknown. Primary somatic symptom disorders may be associated with a heightened awareness of normal bodily sensations.[emedicine.com]

Prevention

  • Palliative treatment can also be used, however, it doesn’t prevent nor reduce bruxism.[steptohealth.com]
  • It can be treated and solved by two ways, globally by managing the main situations that induce the assurance which help to prevent the accumulation of a disorder and other specifically by managing each somatization by a somatic cell therapy in its particular[omicsonline.org]
  • Read more on Cochrane (Australasian Centre) website Globesity Prevention: Eating Mindfully Document and learn online with Ausmed's online portfolio and organiser app. All countries and health professions supported.[healthdirect.gov.au]
  • Psychosomatic medicine deals with the interaction role study of body, psychological and social factors of the origin of psycho – somatic diseases and disorders of the human, as well as their course, treatment and prevention.[vivendicentrs.lv]
  • - Depression 2019 (Japan) Suicide and its Prevention - WCDA 2019 (South Korea) Suicide and Self harm - Mental Health Nursing 2019 (Canada) Suicide Prevention - Stress 2019 (UK) Wellness and Health Care - Annual Mental Health 2019 (USA) Wellness and Health[psychosomatic.conferenceseries.com]

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