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Pulmonary Arteriosclerosis


Presentation

  • When severe, as in longstanding mitral stenosis, obvious lesions are present, and mild changes are present in the pulmonary arterial system.[histopathology-india.net]
  • We report a case of a young boy with cblC defect, who did not undergo newborn screening, presenting at the age of 2 years with isolated pulmonary hypertension as the leading symptom.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]
  • A 56-year old patient presented with acute onset vision loss.[eyewiki.aao.org]
  • […] with exertional chest pain, shortness of breath, and fatigue distinguishing factors positive stress testing coronary vessel occlusion and normal pulmonary pressures upon catheterization Liver disease can present with lower extremity swelling and RUQ[medbullets.com]
  • We describe a patient presenting with primary pulmonary hypertension, clinical angina and extrinsic compression of the left main coronary artery by the pulmonary artery, who was treated with direct stenting.[revespcardiol.org]
Pathologist
  • Students of stereologic morphometry will be particularly interested in the quantitative studies of cells and fibers in arterial walls; histologists and pathologists will find the chapter on histochemical staining interesting from both a scientific and[books.google.com]
  • Manuel, thank to thoracic surgery team and to pathologists at Bellvitge University Hospital for their assistance in sample collection. Author Contributions Conceived and designed the experiments: MME SS MLS DH IE RP MM FM JD.[journals.plos.org]
Pulmonary Disorder
  • A decade or more ago, pulmonary hypertension was divided into primary (essential) pulmonary hypertension, which by definition was idiopathic, and hypertension that was secondary to, commonly, other cardiac or pulmonary disorders.[caymanchem.com]
Sputum
  • The patient may begin coughing up frothy sputum, become markedly sweaty and cool and clammy. The lack of oxygen can also affect other organs.[emedicinehealth.com]
Ptosis
  • When patients with such an appearance have normal sex chromosomes and also have hypertelorism with a slight antimongoloid slant to the eyes as well as ptosis of the upper lids and exophthalmos, especially if the above physical characteristics are found[barnardhealth.us]
Xanthoma
  • There is some correlation with coronary disease. palmer xanthomas Very small xanthomas found in the palmer crease and probably representing an early stage of the tuberous type.[barnardhealth.us]
Erythema
  • Tendon xanthomas are too deep to impart any change of color to the skin. eruptive xanthomas Tiny yellowish nodules 1-2 cm in diameter on an erythema -tous base and found mostly on pressure areas.[barnardhealth.us]

Workup

  • What is the proper workup of a patient with hypertension? Cleve Clin J Med 75: 663-72. 4.0 4.1 Garner, A. & Ashton, N. 1979. Pathogenesis of hypertensive retinopathy: a review. J R Soc Med 72: 362-5. Stryjewski TP, Papakostas TD, Vavvas D.[eyewiki.aao.org]
  • […] anorexia (from hepatic congestion) Physical examination loud P2 on auscultation right-sided heave from right ventricular hypertrophy if subsequent right heart failure elevated JVP hepatomegaly S3 heart sound Imaging Echocardiogram usually first step in the workup[medbullets.com]
  • Standard laboratory workup--including pulmonary function testing and screening for systemic diseases and those related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)--was normal.[revespcardiol.org]
  • As in other studies, the PPH was diagnosed by a thorough workup, including clinical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, chest radiography, ECG, pulmonary function tests, echocardiography, radionuclide perfusion lung scan and cardiac catheterization[kjim.org]

Treatment

  • The first section reviews the benefits of five pulmonary treatment options, including musculotropic vasodilators and vasoconstrictors; general anesthetics and adjuvants; antitussives, expectorants, and antiallergens; Digitalis, glycosides, and quinidine[books.google.com]
  • More research on the causes, prevention, and treatment of DVT.[vascularcures.org]
  • The treatment for hypertensive retinopathy is primarily focused upon reducing blood pressure. General treatment The treatment for malignant hypertensive retinopathy is to reduce the systemic blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg.[eyewiki.aao.org]
  • Medical Treatment for Pulmonary Edema When a patient is in respiratory distress, the initial treatment will occur at the same time or even before the diagnosis is made.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • In some cases, treatment may include medication or surgery. Treatment options The range of treatments for atherosclerosis include: Lifestyle changes: These focus on weight management, physical activity, and a healthy diet.[medicalnewstoday.com]

Prognosis

  • We analyzed determinants associated with the survival and prognosis of patients with PPH. MATERIALS AND METHODS 1.[kjim.org]
  • […] hypertension (IPAH) By definition, the cause is unknown Hereditary pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) Mutation in the BMPR-2 gene acts normally to inhibit smooth muscle growth Mnemonic: B locker of M uscle PR oliferation More common in women (9:1) Poor prognosis[medbullets.com]
  • Stenting of the LMCA can be carried out with good angiographic results at experienced centers, although too few case histories are available to ascertain its impact on the prognosis of these patients. Correspondence: Dr. P.M. Montes Orbe.[revespcardiol.org]
  • This is the hallmark of malignant hypertension, which carries a poor prognosis for the patient’s health if left untreated.[eyewiki.aao.org]
  • Collectively, our results indicate that both airway and pulmonary vessel remodeling impact negatively upon the prognosis of COPD.[dovepress.com]

Etiology

  • This book is organized into three sections encompassing 15 chapters that also cover the etiology of acute cardiopulmonary diseases and chronic pulmonary hypertension.[books.google.com]
  • Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10coded.com]
  • […] cases per million for idiopathic pulmonary hypertension (IPAH)) or relatively common 10-40% of patients with at-risk associated diseases (below) demographics f emales males up to 9:1 (for IPAH) Etiologies Etiologies of Pulmonary Hypertension Primary Etiologies[medbullets.com]
  • […] fibrosis Types laminar intimal fibrosis intimal fibroplasia Patterns concentric intimal fibrosis allograft chronic rejection asymetrical intimal fibrosis atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis Localization arterial intimal fibrosis veinous intimal fibrosis Etiology[humpath.com]
  • ., fenfluramine, possibly also phentermine). plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy Pulmonary disease A vasculopathy seen in pulmonary HTN, characterized by medial hypertrophy of muscular pulmonary arteries, fibrinoid necrosis Etiology Anorexiants–eg, fenfluramine[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

Epidemiology

  • Introduction Clinical definition mean pulmonary artery pressure 20 mmHg normal 8-20 mmHg gold standard for measurement is right heart catheterization Epidemiology incidence varies by etiology; affects all ages, races, and genders can be very rare ( 4[medbullets.com]
  • Additional epidemiologic initiatives also are needed to ascertain the prevalence and incidence of the various disease entities.[cdc.gov]
  • Pulmonary hypertension in COPD: epidemiology, significance, and management: pulmonary vascular disease: the global perspective. Chest. 2010;137(6 Suppl):39S–51S. 4. Hurdman J, Condliffe R, Elliot CA, et al.[dovepress.com]
  • Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International[journals.plos.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • While this may be an extreme example, there are pathophysiological situations in which a reduction in arterial compliance leads to an elevated systolic pressure and reduced diastolic pressure, yielding a calculated mean arterial pressure that is close[physiologyweb.com]
  • This broadens the scope of the relevant pathophysiology tremendously.[caymanchem.com]
  • Pathophysiology Retinal hemorrhages (Figure 1-3) develop when necrotic vessels bleed into either the nerve fiber layer (flame shaped hemorrhage) or the inner retina (dot blot hemorrhage).[eyewiki.aao.org]
  • The pathophysiology of failure in acute right ventricular hypertension: hemodynamic and biochemical correlation. Circulation 1981;63:87-95. Medline 4. Vizza CD, Lynch JP, Ochoa LL, Richardson G, Trulock EP.[revespcardiol.org]
  • […] diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension requires direct pulmonary arterial pressure measurements that involve right heart catheterization. 5 The analysis of chest computed tomography (CT) scans in COPD has contributed greatly to our understanding of the pathophysiology[dovepress.com]

Prevention

  • Prevention Prevention of PE is a lot easier than diagnosis or treatment. Therefore, when hospitalized, it is important to ask your health care providers what measures are being taken to prevent PE.[vascularcures.org]
  • Prevention The same healthy lifestyle changes recommended to treat atherosclerosis also help prevent it.[mayoclinic.org]
  • Prevention Preventing the development of atherosclerosis is one of the best ways to treat the condition. Steps to limit the risk of plaque buildup include: Diet: Try to avoid saturated fats, they increase levels of bad cholesterol.[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • Prevention Try to follow these tips to prevent atherosclerosis: Quit smoking. Smoking accelerates the development of atherosclerosis, which often leads to coronary heart disease.[healthywomen.org]
  • Mensah, MD Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion This material in this report originated in the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Janet L[cdc.gov]

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