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Reactive Depression

Neurotic (Reactive) Depression

Reactive depression (situational depression) is a usually transient depression precipitated by something intensely sad or distressing.


Presentation

  • A critique of that paper is presented drawing attention to key methodological weaknesses, to the subjective interpretation of the meta-analysis data, and to the selective and tendentious presentation of the authors' conclusions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract The present study explored the role of genetic factors in the development of neurotic depression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These cases were designed to present with at least 5 symptoms listed in the DSM-IV-TR with severity being mild.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A set of criteria based on previous research is presented for the diagnosis of neurotic-reactive depression. These criteria are based on a clustering of certain symptoms, events, and traits in patients with neurotic-reactive depression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Symptoms of Reactive Depression The symptoms that present themselves are not unlike that of other types of depression.[depression-test.net]
Crying
  • Hopeless, detached, worthlessness, intense guilt Can't stop crying. It's normal to cry, even several times per day in early grief; but it should come and go. Not sleeping at all. It normal to have some insomnia, given your burdens.[recover-from-grief.com]
  • People dealing with reactive depression are prone to intense crying, have trouble sleeping, and have the classic symptoms of depression: sadness, loss of interest and motivation, withdrawal, mental and motor slowing, and behavior changes.[health.ccm.net]
  • Crying Spells Frequent crying is also not rare. Overwhelmed by emotions some people use crying as a “valve” to deal with all the emotional stress they experience.[medhealthdaily.com]
Fatigue
  • Side effects from medical treatment can include: nausea, dizziness and fatigue. On the very rare occasion that medicine is prescribed, professionals will usually suggest antidepressants Prozac or Zoloft.[embracingdepression.org]
  • We ask about general symptoms (anxious mood, depressed mood, fatigue, pain, and stress) regardless of condition. Last updated: May 29, 2019[patientslikeme.com]
  • We ask about general symptoms (anxious mood, depressed mood, fatigue, pain, and stress) regardless of condition. Last updated: January 31, 2019[patientslikeme.com]
  • , battle fatigue, stress breakdown, adjustment reaction of adult life, post-Vietnam syndrome, traumatic neurosis, rape trauma syndrome, child abuse syndrome, battered wife syndrome and Buffalo Creek syndrome.[bullyonline.org]
Weight Loss
  • Biological symptoms such as weight loss, reduced appetite, constipation, sleep disturbance, loss of libido frequently occur.[cbttherapies.org.uk]
  • Sudden weight loss or weight gain can also arise. Difficulty making decisions and difficulty concentrating or remembering are other classic signs or depression.[blog.udemy.com]
  • It is often identified with a specific symptom complex—psychomotor retardation, early morning awakening, weight loss, excessive guilt, and lack of reactivity to the environment—that is roughly equivalent to the symptoms of major depressive disorder. neurotic[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Role of Mental Simulations in the Weight Loss Process . The Journal of Psychology, Vol. 150, Issue. 1, p. 1. CrossRef Google Scholar Kirmayer, Laurence J. Rousseau, Cécile Eric Jarvis, G. and Guzder, Jaswant 2015. Psychiatry . p. 56.[cambridge.org]
Sighing
  • […] cases suicide is most likely to occur when the patient is recovering from severe depression. agitated depression major depressive disorder characterized by signs and symptoms of agitation, such as restlessness, racing thoughts, pacing, hand-wringing, sighing[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Overeating
  • Improvements occurred over time, but differences between treatments and compared with placebo were never statistically significant.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Normal grief changes over time. Most people know when they are stuck in grief and need some help. You have been grieving longer than you think is good for you. Your grief does not feel "fluid". Normal grief changes over time.[recover-from-grief.com]
  • Five hundred and two psychiatrists from over one hundred hospitals and community clinics throughout Japan have participated in this survey.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Moreover, individuals with mood-reactive self-esteem demonstrated more persistent sadness over time.[journals.plos.org]
Loss of Appetite
  • Biological symptoms such as weight loss, reduced appetite, constipation, sleep disturbance, loss of libido frequently occur.[cbttherapies.org.uk]
  • […] of appetite *Binge eating *Abuse of recreational drugs or alcohol Behavioral Issues In children and teenagers, the disorder is more likely to be characterized by behavioral issues, for instance playing hooky, fighting with peers, or acting out.[depressivedisorder.blogspot.com]
  • Changes To Your Appetite Depending on the person involved, reactive depression can lead to a wide scope of eating routine disruptions – from overeating and binge eating to loss of appetite.[medhealthdaily.com]
  • Apathy is often prominent when depression emerges during AD’s middle stage, though classic depressive symptoms such as agitation, crying, the inability to experience pleasure (anhedonia), loss of appetite, suicidal ideation, and psychotic delusions may[brightfocus.org]
  • […] of appetite or overeating Your primary care provider or mental health professional can diagnose MDD.[healthline.com]
Torticollis
  • Spasmodic torticollis: Treatment by feedback display of the EMG. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , 55, 403–408. PubMed Google Scholar BUDZYNSKI, T. H. (1974). Bma audio cassette program . Warren, Michigan: Bio-Medical Instruments.[link.springer.com]
Shoulder Pain
  • He was so right in that patients can have debilitating knee or shoulder pain and not exhibit depression. However, when a back or neck is involved, reactive depression is common.[neckandback.com]
Episodic Headache
  • Headaches or stomachs Dangerous or self-destructive behavior Increased absences from work or school In general, these symptoms only last for a short period of time relative to other types of depression unless the stressor is still ongoing.[embracingdepression.org]
Feeling of Worthlessness
  • Tabanka is characterized by lassitude, anorexia, insomnia, feelings of worthlessness, anger, a loss of interest in work and other activities and, especially, by a preoccupation with the faithless one.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Self-destructive behavior is a manifestation of the patient's feeling of worthlessness and loss of self esteem.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Symptoms and signs Feelings of despair, helplessness and fatigue following a significant event, change or loss Uncharacteristic feelings of worthlessness, guilt, irritability and uneasiness Withdrawal from relationships and depressed sex drive Lack of[althealth.co.uk]
  • Symptoms such as feeling helpless, worthless, or weak can be combined with insomnia, irritability and anxiety. Sudden weight loss or weight gain can also arise.[blog.udemy.com]
Anhedonia
  • Anhedonia – Insomnia – Irritability – Lethargy Anhedonia, insomnia, irritability and lethargy are the four key features of reactive depression. Hedonism of course is the personal drive to satisfy the cravings of pleasure.[neckandback.com]
  • According to DSM V characteristic features of a depressive episode include depression of mood, anhedonia, reduced attention and concentration, ideas of guilt and worthlessness, lowered self esteem, and reduced energy which in turn leads to tiredness and[cbttherapies.org.uk]
  • […] embarrassment survivor guilt for having survived when others perished or for not having done more to help or save others a feeling of having been given a second chance at life undue fear low self-esteem and shattered self-confidence emotional numbness, anhedonia[bullyonline.org]
  • Endogenous depression is characterized by feelings of guilt and worthlessness and anhedonia. Anhedonia is the inability to derive pleasure from once pleasurable activities such as exercise, hobbies, or sex.[7cups.com]
  • Many depression patients exhibit anhedonia, for example, but many others don’t.[theatlantic.com]
Low Self-Esteem
  • self-esteem [ 22 , 23 ].[journals.plos.org]
  • They also have a low self-esteem and hold many negative expectations about life. Now, when a person holds many negative expectations about himself and his life, some of them will inevitably be fulfilled.[end-your-depression.com]
  • self-esteem and shattered self-confidence emotional numbness, anhedonia (inability to feel love or joy) feelings of detachment avoidance of anything that reminds you of the experience physical and mental paralysis at any reminder of the experience Further[bullyonline.org]
  • Other symptoms include anxiety, hopelessness and despair, self-doubt, low self-esteem, poor concentration, loss of interest, aches and pains, and inability to sleep. It is important that the person seeks help for their depression.[irishhealth.com]
  • self-esteem in a client that habitually uses to cocaine, but wouldn't conduct the therapy session while they were under the influence.[balancingbrainchemistry.co.uk]
Suicidal Ideation
  • They include all or some of the following: Serious feelings of sadness Suicidal ideation Feeling hopeless and helpless Lack of energy – feeling lethargic Increased frequency of crying Difficulty concentrating Change in appetite (eat more or less) Lack[depression-test.net]
  • The Suicide Crisis Suicidal ideation is relatively common and is not necessarily associated with a crisis situation. Instead, it may be a symptom of an ongoing problem that is difficult to address without outside assistance (such as depression).[mentalhelp.net]
  • Apathy is often prominent when depression emerges during AD’s middle stage, though classic depressive symptoms such as agitation, crying, the inability to experience pleasure (anhedonia), loss of appetite, suicidal ideation, and psychotic delusions may[brightfocus.org]
Withdrawn
  • Seventeen patients were either lost to follow-up or withdrawn before week 2 (13 due to side effects and 1 because she was feeling better).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This can happen if the parents are habitually depressed and withdrawn. Alternatively, they may deliberately ignore, denigrate, reject or criticize the child to a greater or lesser extent.[end-your-depression.com]
Sexual Dysfunction
  • More on the causes of depression Advice on sexual problems - premature ejaculation - if you need help with sexual dysfunction, especially in discovering more creative and productive ways to last longer in bed for men.[end-your-depression.com]
  • Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 2013 Genome-wide association study of SSRI/SNRI-induced sexual dysfunction in a Japanese cohort with major depression.Psychiatry Res. 2012 Review and Meta-Analysis of Antidepressant Pharmacogenetic Findings in Major[www3.kmu.ac.jp]
Dysmenorrhea
  • Muscle relaxation treatment for primary dysmenorrhea. Behavior Therapy , 5, 668–672. Google Scholar TURK, D. C., MEICHENBAUM, D. H., & BERMAN, W. H. (1979). Application of biofeedback for the regulation of pain: A critical review.[link.springer.com]
Sleep Disturbance
  • Biological symptoms such as weight loss, reduced appetite, constipation, sleep disturbance, loss of libido frequently occur.[cbttherapies.org.uk]
  • disturbance, and mood swings which may hinder social relationships.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • The two disorders have much in common: Decreased memory and concentration Irritability Sleep disturbances Sadness Hopelessness Pessimism It is common to attribute such symptoms to ADHD and the proclivity for a lifetime of defeats and losses the condition[additudemag.com]
  • ., anhedonia, sleep disturbance) to examine a broader range of symptom dynamics in depression. This is particularly important given the long acknowledged issue of symptom heterogeneity in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).[journals.plos.org]
Apathy
  • Apathy is often prominent when depression emerges during AD’s middle stage, though classic depressive symptoms such as agitation, crying, the inability to experience pleasure (anhedonia), loss of appetite, suicidal ideation, and psychotic delusions may[brightfocus.org]

Treatment

  • There was a more rapid effect in those patients who received amitriptyline, but there was no significant difference in response between the treatment groups after 4 weeks treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSIONS: Japanese psychiatrists distinguish between major depressive disorder with melancholic and reactive features, and thus choose different treatment strategies regarding pharmacological treatment and psychotherapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Improvements occurred over time, but differences between treatments and compared with placebo were never statistically significant.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] when choosing treatments [ 18 ].[bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com]
  • They had relatively few hospitalizations for depression and responded poorly to specific antidepressant treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • It is of practical importance to establish the clinical diagnosis of reactive depression because these states are different from endogenous depressions with regard to pathogenesis, prognosis and treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prognosis As depression goes, the prognosis for reactive depression is quite good.[psyweb.com]
  • It is of practical importance to establish the clinical diagnosis of reactive depression because these states are different from endogenous depressions with regard to pathogenesis, prognosis and treatment. 1980 S.[karger.com]
  • Prognosis Reactive depression usually responds well to psychotherapy or cognitive behavioral therapy. Seeking treatment generally results in the episode of depression being limited to a relatively short span of time.[psyweb.com]

Etiology

  • The present results suggest that genetic factors play a role in the etiology of at least some forms of neurotic depression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • According to these models, schematic negative self-referential thinking is the core mechanism underlying the etiology and maintenance of depression.[journals.plos.org]

Epidemiology

  • Variables combined across the studies were pre- and postintervention scores from the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), the number of weeks patients wrote in their diaries (adherence), and the written content in the diaries.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Psychiatry of somatic diseases: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, classification. Comparative Psychiatry , 16, 105–124. CrossRef Google Scholar LUBORSKY, L., SINGER, B., & LUBORSKY, L. (1975). Comparative studies of psychotherapies.[link.springer.com]
  • Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD). The CESD [ 29 ] is 20-item measure of depression symptoms developed for use in the general population.[journals.plos.org]
  • ., melancholic and reactive) was very active almost four decades ago, and the epidemiological studies in the 1960s and 1970s found that the divisions of melancholic and neurotic depressions did not imply differences in outcomes.[bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • In reality, MDD encompasses multiple subgroups that differ meaningfully in phenomenology, natural history, treatment response, and pathophysiology [ 2 ].[bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com]

Prevention

  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the Interactive Educational Videotaped Interventions (IEVI) designed to prevent HPN complications of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CR-BSI), to prevent reactive depression (from Diagnostic and Statistical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • They also report on advances in psychosocial treatment of depression, including the value of cognitive therapy in the prevention of relapse.[books.google.com]
  • Bargaining: This stage involves persistent thoughts about what could have been done to prevent the loss. Individuals can become preoccupied about ways that things could have been different.[centralcarolinacounseling.com]
  • The low level of energy they are experiencing may prevent them find seeking treatment on their own. If you suspect you may be experiencing severe reactive depression, it is important that you seek help.[psyweb.com]

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Last updated: 2019-06-28 11:15