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Recurrent Thrombophlebitis due to Hereditary Disorders

Thrombophlebitis Recurrent Idiopathic


Presentation

  • Presents meticulous revisions and updates throughout, particularly to the chapters on stroke prevention and rehabilitation to keep you current on today’s best practices.[books.google.com]
  • The mass was first appreciated while showering and cleaning the area 1 week before presentation.[dovepress.com]
  • The details of each TEE are presented in Table I.[spandidos-publications.com]
  • In each type of superficial thrombophlebitis, the condition presents as redness and tenderness along the course of the vein, usually accompanied by swelling. Bleeding also can occur at the site of a varicose vein. (See Presentation .)[emedicine.medscape.com]
Pathologist
  • In 1846, the German pathologist Virchow recognized that if this dynamic balance were altered by venous stasis or turbulence, abnormal coagulability, or vessel wall injuries, then microthrombi could propagate to form macroscopic thrombi.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • The American College of Medical Genetics and the College of American Pathologists and Society of Vascular Surgery, American Venous Forum and American College of Phlebology recommend factor V Leiden screening and other tests, such as prothrombin G20210A[vascularcenterwf.com]
Pneumonia
  • The complications of septic thrombophlebitis include sepsis, septicemia, septic pulmonary emboli, abscess formation, pneumonia.[lymphedemapeople.com]
Hypertension
  • Utilize behavior management as an integral part of treatment for your hypertensive and pre-hypertensive patients. Effectively manage special populations with chronic hypertensive disease, as well as hypertension and concomitant disease.[books.google.com]
  • Prosthetic valve Abnormal/turbulent blood flow Hypertension Prosthetic valve Arrhythmias Blood abnormalities Phospholipid antibody syndrome APTT, Lupus anticoagulant; Cardiolipin Ab.[rcpa.edu.au]
  • Mediated by venous hypertension and valve incompetence arising from persistent iliofemoral obstruction, these sequelae affect up to 50% of patients following an incident iliofemoral DVT and are associated with a reduced quality of life and increased health[acc.org]
  • Chronic venous reflux and venous hypertension promote inflammation and skin changes of the lower extremity that predispose the skin to ulceration.[vasculardiseasemanagement.com]
Vascular Disease
  • Gain a state-of-the-art understanding of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of arterial disease, venous disease, lymph dysfunction, connective tissue disease, vascular disease, and vascular manifestations of systemic disease.[books.google.com]
  • You are more likely to have vascular disease as you get older.[icdlist.com]
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease. Allen, Baker, Hines, Fairbairn, Juergens, Spittel. 4 th ed. 1972. Pathology. Anderson. 6 th ed. 1971. Conn, Jr. Hadley L. and Orville Horwitz, eds. Cardiac and Vascular Diseases. Vol II. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1971.[veterans.gc.ca]
  • An unusual presentation as a collagen vascular disease--report of a case. ( 4147715 ) Chandrasekar S....Verghese C.V. 1973 12 Budd-Chiari syndrome caused by a web as a result of visceral thrombophlebitis migrans.[malacards.org]
Heart Disease
  • Easily reference Braunwald's Heart Disease, 9th Edition for further information on topics of interest. Get up-to-date information on new combination drug therapies and management of chronic complications of hypertension.[books.google.com]
  • Other methods to reduce the risk of DVT include treatment for coronary heart disease, reducing excess body fat, quitting cigarettes, exercising regularly and switching to a high-fibre, low-fat diet.[betterhealth.vic.gov.au]
  • Abnormalities of the blood clotting process may occur following surgery or injury, or may occur due to illness such as heart disease or cancer.[wivein.com]
  • Other factors that make vascular disease more likely include Family history of vascular or heart diseases Pregnancy Illness or injury Long periods of sitting or standing still Any condition that affects the heart and blood vessels, such as diabetes or[icdlist.com]
Ptosis
  • Includes lymphangiomas, lymphatic malformations, telangiectasia, hennekam's syndrome, distichiasis, Figueroa syndrome, ptosis syndrome, plus many more. Extensive database of information available through sister site Lymphedema People.[lymphedemapeople.com]
Stroke
  • And, its conversational, easy-to-read format make Caplan’s Stroke an ideal resource for general neurologists, non-neurologists, and stroke specialists alike.[books.google.com]
  • The leading cause of stroke occurs when a blood clot occludes, or obstructs, an artery supplying blood to your brain.[lifeextension.com]
  • A history of a heart attack or stroke: People who have had a heart attack, stroke or heart disease are more likely to have clots than those without any history of cardiovascular problems.[draxe.com]
  • Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis: Rare form of stroke that results from thrombosis (a blood clot) of the dural venous sinuses, which drain blood from the brain.[hihg.med.miami.edu]
Myelopathy
  • […] appears under a code it is acceptable to use both the code ( G08 ) and the excluded code together. intracranial phlebitis and thrombophlebitis complicating nonpyogenic intraspinal phlebitis and thrombophlebitis ( ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code G95.1 Vascular myelopathies[icd10data.com]
Cerebellar Ataxia
  • ataxia G11.2 Late-onset cerebellar ataxia G11.3 Cerebellar ataxia with defective DNA repair G11.4 Hereditary spastic paraplegia G11.8 Other hereditary ataxias G11.9 Hereditary ataxia, unspecified Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after[icd10data.com]
Ataxia
  • G11.0 Congenital nonprogressive ataxia G11.1 Early-onset cerebellar ataxia G11.2 Late-onset cerebellar ataxia G11.3 Cerebellar ataxia with defective DNA repair G11.4 Hereditary spastic paraplegia G11.8 Other hereditary ataxias G11.9 Hereditary ataxia[icd10data.com]
Spastic Paraplegia
  • paraplegia G11.8 Other hereditary ataxias G11.9 Hereditary ataxia, unspecified Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015 require the use of ICD-10-CM codes.[icd10data.com]

Workup

  • Other workup for malignancy is not routinely indicated unless history, physical exam, or laboratory evaluation suggests pathology.[asams.org]
  • (See Etiology, Presentation, and Workup .) Thrombosis and thrombophlebitis of the superficial venous system receive little attention in medical and surgical textbooks.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • An extensive workup is only warranted if there is significant concern for a hypercoagulability disorder or cancer, both of which can be evaluated with an appropriate review of systems, family history, and physical exam.[dovepress.com]
  • Occult cancers may be present in patients with apparently idiopathic DVT, but extensive workup of patients for tumors is not recommended unless patients have major risk factors for cancer or symptoms suggestive of an occult cancer.[msdmanuals.com]
Staphylococcus Aureus
  • ., septic) Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Peptostreptococcus sp. Candida sp.[unboundmedicine.com]
Pseudomonas
  • ., septic) Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Peptostreptococcus sp. Candida sp.[unboundmedicine.com]

Treatment

  • Includes expanded coverage of imaging and laboratory diagnosis and treatment to help you make better informed evaluation and management decisions.[books.google.com]
  • The most appropriate treatment for patients who have high-risk SVT (thrombus location 9 .[hematologyandoncology.net]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis and Long-Term Managment The prognosis of people with superficial thrombophlebitis depends on its etiology, the extent of involvement, and whether there was extension of blood clot into the deep venous system.[austinvaricosevein.com]
  • What are the symptoms, treatment, and prognosis for phlebitis? Pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness are some common symptoms of phlebitis.[medicinenet.com]
  • Aspirin affects the blood's clotting ability and can help prevent vascular coagulation Prognosis: Dependant upon the severity and underlying medical cause.[lymphedemapeople.com]
  • Prognosis The prognosis in superficial thrombophlebitis is usually good. Superficial phlebitis is rarely associated with PE, though it can occur, particularly if the process extends into a deep vein.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Infectious, mainly syphilis and psittacosis Mondor disease Rare presentation of anterior chest/breast veins of women System(s) affected: cardiovascular Synonym(s): phlebitis; phlebothrombosis Geriatric Considerations Septic thrombophlebitis is more common; prognosis[unboundmedicine.com]

Etiology

  • Etiology Risk factors The most important clinically identifiable risk factors for thrombophlebitis are a prior history of superficial phlebitis, DVT, and PE.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Etiology and Pathophysiology Similar to deep venous thrombosis; Virchow triad of vessel trauma, stasis, and hypercoagulability (genetic, iatrogenic, or idiopathic) Varicose veins play a primary role in etiology of lower extremity phlebitis.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • If a careful history and physical examination and baseline laboratory studies fail to suggest a malignant etiology for the thrombosis, further workup for occult neoplasm is rarely warranted.[asams.org]
  • "Superficial Thrombophlebitis: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology". eMedicine. Medscape. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016. Varki, Ajit (15 September 2007). "Trousseau's syndrome: multiple definitions and multiple mechanisms".[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Prognosis and Long-Term Managment The prognosis of people with superficial thrombophlebitis depends on its etiology, the extent of involvement, and whether there was extension of blood clot into the deep venous system.[austinvaricosevein.com]

Epidemiology

  • Recent findings in the epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of superficial-vein thrombosis. Thromb Res. 2011;127(suppl 3):S81-S85. 6. Decousus H, Epinat M, Guillot K, Quenet S, Boissier C, Tardy B.[phlebolymphology.org]
  • Epidemiology Predominant age Traumatic/IV related has no predominant age/sex.[unboundmedicine.com]
  • In general, treatment may include the following: [1] [3] [4] Epidemiology [ edit ] Thrombophlebitis occurs almost equally between women and men, though males do have a slightly higher possibility.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • (See Epidemiology and Prognosis .) When affecting the great saphenous vein (GSV; also referred to as the greater or long saphenous vein), thrombophlebitis will sometimes progress into the deep venous system.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Department of Veterans Affairs: medical research in relation to the Statement of Principles concerning Varicose Veins of the Lower Limb, which cites the following as references: MJ Callam (1994) in British Journal of Surgery Feb 81(2) Epidemiology of[veterans.gc.ca]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Gain a state-of-the-art understanding of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of arterial disease, venous disease, lymph dysfunction, connective tissue disease, vascular disease, and vascular manifestations of systemic disease.[books.google.com]
  • Mondor disease pathophysiology not completely understood Less commonly due to infection (i.e., septic) Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Peptostreptococcus sp. Candida sp.[unboundmedicine.com]

Prevention

  • Presents meticulous revisions and updates throughout, particularly to the chapters on stroke prevention and rehabilitation to keep you current on today’s best practices.[books.google.com]
  • Prevention To prevent phlebitis, people should eat a high-fiber, heart-healthy diet and engage in regular physical exercises such as walking, bicycling, or running.[encyclopedia.com]

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