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Retinal Scar


Presentation

  • Areas of degeneration and pigmentary retinopathy may be present. Vascular proliferation may be part of the process with vitreous traction and folds. Progression of retinal damage is highly variable and surgical outcomes are unpredictable.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]
  • No history of insect bite is usually present in myiasis. Such was the case with our patient, who denied insect bites or ticks.[healio.com]
  • Two years from the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, many survivors are still presenting with symptoms of post-Ebola syndrome (PES), including joint and muscle pains and psychiatric and neurological problems.[dnaindia.com]
  • Two years on from the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, many survivors are still presenting with symptoms of post-Ebola syndrome (PES), including joint and muscle pains and psychiatric and neurological problems.[indiatoday.in]
  • Two years on from the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, and many Ebola survivors are still presenting with symptoms of post-Ebola syndrome (PES), including joint and muscle pains and psychiatric and neurological problems.[sciencedaily.com]
Military Personnel
  • A total of 82 Ebola survivors who had previously reported ocular symptoms and 105 unaffected controls from civilian and military personnel underwent ophthalmic examination, including widefield retinal imaging.[neurosciencenews.com]
Ascitic Fluid
  • Tumor cells secrete a vascular permeability factor that promotes accumulation of ascites fluid. ‎[books.google.de]
Developmental Delay
  • A Chinese 3-year-old with FEVR having a single BP insertion in the CTNNB1 gene also had global developmental delay and dysmorphic facies.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]
Insect Bite
  • No history of insect bite is usually present in myiasis. Such was the case with our patient, who denied insect bites or ticks.[healio.com]
Cotton Wool Spots
  • Causes of Yellow White Retinal Lesion: Drusen and drusen-like conditions Hard exudates Cotton wool spots Retinal Infiltrate Choroidal neovascularization Chorioretinal scar Crystalline maculopathies Flecked retinal syndromes 1- Drusens: are tiny yellow[ophthnotes.com]
Suggestibility
  • However, we will follow up with suggested ways to find appropriate information related to your question. Medical disclaimer Not every question will receive a direct response from an ophthalmologist.[aao.org]
  • I suggested on the absence of more compelling problems that we leave the eye alone and I asked her to return for a check in three to four weeks, but I am going to have a fairly low threshold for instituting intravitreal Avastin injections in this eye,[retinagallery.com]
  • The location of the scars suggests that the virus can travel along the optic nerve to reach the eye. Fortunately, the scars appear to spare the central vision.[infectioncontroltoday.com]
  • This suggest the virus doesn’t linger in eye fluids, and that cataract surgery would be safe for these people. Of note, the Ebola virus causes severe hemorrhagic fevers, which can often be fatal.[labroots.com]

Workup

  • They usually resolve after 6 weeks. [21] Workup Fluorescein angiography Fluorescein angiography (FA) of active lesions shows hypofluorescence during the early phase of the study, followed by progressive hyperfluorescence secondary to leakage.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Toxocara Canis
  • Possible differential diagnoses that were initially considered included toxoplasmosis and Toxocara canis .[healio.com]

Treatment

  • Treatment Treatment Options: The prognosis for vision is poor as the retinal damage often continues to evolve and additional folds and detachments develop. Attempts to close retinal holes and repair detachments are important.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]
  • Seite 152 - The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial Research Group: The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the development and progression of long-term complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. ‎[books.google.de]
  • A care provider can evaluate a patient with retinal scarring to determine the extent and provide advice on treatment options.[wisegeek.com]
  • Treatment plan Our retinal specialist’s treatment plan was to photodocument the intraocular nematode and monitor for any movement. He re-examined the patient in 3 days, and movement was indeed confirmed.[healio.com]
  • In the case of toxoplasma scars, patient may develop a re-activated infection which may need treatment.[rcoklahoma.com]

Prognosis

  • Transactions of the American Ophthalmological… 2014 PURPOSE To describe the risk factors, pathogenesis, and prognosis of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tears and to demonstrate… (More) Nowell M. Fine , Shruti Tandon , 4 authors James A.[semanticscholar.org]
  • Treatment Treatment Options: The prognosis for vision is poor as the retinal damage often continues to evolve and additional folds and detachments develop. Attempts to close retinal holes and repair detachments are important.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]
  • Nevertheless, a UK survey of children with toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis found that, overall, the visual prognosis was good. [ 16 ][patient.info]
  • Usually the prognosis is excellent. If there are histoplasmosis scars in the macula it is important to have regular eye exams and an Amsler Grid to monitor the central vision.[rvscny.com]
  • Prognosis For most people, visual problems from macular pucker progress slowly and vision can remain stable for a long time. Most instances of macular pucker require no treatment.[improveyourvision.com]

Etiology

  • Gregory and colleagues, in their article on ophthalmomyiasis externa, report the following genus/species of dipterous larva as possible etiological agents in ophthalmomyiasis: O. ovis, Hypoderma bovis, H. lineatum, H. tarandi, Cuterebra sp., Gasterophilus[healio.com]
  • The etiology of such hypofluorescent lesions is unknown but is suspected of being a noninfectious, perilesional inflammatory reaction.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Recurrences up to 13 months after EVD discharge have been reported, but confirmation of Ebola etiology through aqueous humor analysis was not conducted ( 7 ).[wwwnc.cdc.gov]
  • Does the management protocol change in cases of unknown etiology? What are the specific indications for surgical intervention? Alex_Yuan,_MD.[my.clevelandclinic.org]

Epidemiology

  • Non-infective causes are also infrequent with few epidemiological data available.[patient.info]
  • Reporting of the findings is in accordance with guidelines set forth in the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement ( 13 ).[wwwnc.cdc.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Related wiseGEEK Articles Discuss this Article anon324418 Post 2 Your article doesn't mention retinal scaring due to a small (silent) stroke in the eye preventing blood flow to the retina.[wisegeek.com]
  • However, if the maggot is subretinal, they recommend prompt photocoagulation to prevent a decrease in vision due to continued tunneling.[healio.com]
  • If, however, the retina has torn but has not yet detached, laser can be done to prevent the retina from detaching.[iowaretina.com]
  • Can Macular Pucker be prevented? When looking at the causes of macular pucker, we can see that ageing can lead to damaging retinal detachment, and ageing cannot be prevented.[medic8.com]
  • The researchers believe that statins might prevent the formation of scar tissue inside the eye.[helsinki.fi]

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