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Rhinovirus Infection


Presentation

  • Respiratory syncytial virus prevention and therapy: past, present, and future. Pediatric Pulmonology 20 Kneyber MC, Blusse van Oud-Alblas H et al.[lci.rivm.nl]
  • The clinical presentation of URI with HRV and coviral infection was not distinguishable from other viral infections ( 116 ).[atsjournals.org]
  • […] pylori found that resolution of chronic urticaria was more likely when antibiotic therapy was successful than when it was not (Quality of evidence I, Strength of recommendation B)” and „... infections may play a causative role in a few cases, and when present[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Inflammation
  • Barends M (2004), Respiratory Syncytial virus ( RSV ) and Asthma- A study on the impact of RSV infection on allergic airway inflammation in a mouse model. Academisch proefschrift, Universiteit Rotterdam. Utsumi M, Makimoto Ket al.[lci.rivm.nl]
  • New URIs in a child with persistent middle ear effusion after a recent cold will increase the risk of inflammation (redness) of the tympanic membrane ( 41, 42 ).[atsjournals.org]
Asymptomatic
  • About 20% of asymptomatic rhinovirus infections result in eustachian tube dysfunction and when tympanometry was recorded daily by parents, it was apparent that the eustachian tube dysfunction was often the first sign of an upcoming new viral URI ( 47[atsjournals.org]
Sneezing
  • Later, people start sneezing, have a runny nose, and feel mildly ill. Fever is not common, but a mild fever may occur at the beginning of the cold.[msdmanuals.com]
  • […] of sneezes during natural viral URIs ( 126 ).[atsjournals.org]
Pneumonia
  • Young children may have direct viral involvement of the middle ear; middle-aged adults have a risk of sinusitis, and the elderly have a higher risk of developing pneumonia.[atsjournals.org]
  • Reports described acute urticaria caused by streptococcus, mycoplasma pneumoniae, parvovirus B19, norovirus, enterovirus, Hepatitis A or B (so called "yellow" urticaria), and plasmodium falciparum (Table 1 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Rhinitis
  • Nasal cytokines in common colds and allergic rhinitis. Clin Exp Allergy 1995 ;25: 166 –172. Crossref, Medline, Google Scholar 98. Gern JE, Vrtis R, Grindle KA, Swenson C, Busse WW.[atsjournals.org]
Lacrimation
  • Rhinovirus is not recognized to infect the conjunctiva, but is thought to be transported via the lacrimal duct to the nasal cavity under the inferior turbinate and then on to the nasopharynx.[atsjournals.org]
Lacrimation
  • Rhinovirus is not recognized to infect the conjunctiva, but is thought to be transported via the lacrimal duct to the nasal cavity under the inferior turbinate and then on to the nasopharynx.[atsjournals.org]
Headache
  • A high fever, severe headache, rash, difficulty breathing, or chest pain suggests that the infection is not a simple cold. Laboratory tests are not usually needed to diagnose a cold.[msdmanuals.com]
Lethargy
  • Asymptomatisch, bovenste luchtweginfectie, lethargie, voedingsproblemen en apneu, bronchiolitis, pneumonie en sepsis. Deze richtlijn is door het LOI vastgesteld op 6 november 2012.[lci.rivm.nl]

Treatment

  • Unfortunately, treatment trials have been disappointing.[atsjournals.org]
  • Nevertheless, systematic antibiotic treatment studies of dental or ENT focal infections are lacking although benefit after oral cephalosporin or amoxicillin treatment has been described [ 7 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thus, most experts do not recommend these supplements as treatment. Several popular nonprescription (over-the-counter) remedies help relieve cold symptoms.[msdmanuals.com]
  • WITHDRAWN: Immunoglobulin treatment for respiratory syncytial virus infection. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 9, 2010. Wright M, Piedimonte G. Respiratory syncytial virus prevention and therapy: past, present, and future.[lci.rivm.nl]

Etiology

  • However, in this study in 41% (n 315) the etiology remained unclear.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Viruses and bacteria in the etiology of the common cold. J Clin Microbiol 1998 ;36: 539 –542. Medline, Google Scholar 109. Hendley JO, Hayden FG, Winther B.[atsjournals.org]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology Epidemiological studies based on detection of the rhinovirus genome have shown a much higher detection rate of HRV infections than earlier studies without available RT-PCR technology.[atsjournals.org]
  • Occurrence of groups A and B of respiratory syncytial virus over 15 years: associated epidemiologic and clinical characteristics in hospitalized and ambulatory children. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1990;162:1283-1290.[lci.rivm.nl]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • It would be of great interest to test antiviral agents against rhinovirus in children with colds to prevent otitis media.[atsjournals.org]
  • The best preventive measure is practicing good hygiene.[msdmanuals.com]
  • Respiratory syncytial virus prevention and therapy: past, present, and future. Pediatric Pulmonology 20 Kneyber MC, Blusse van Oud-Alblas H et al.[lci.rivm.nl]

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