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Salmonella


Presentation

  • The protracted course and atypical presentation of osteomyelitis in diabetic adults can lead to major diagnostic delays.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Anemia
  • It has been reported that in sickle cell anemia patients, more than 70% of the spondylitis is caused by salmonella, and it has rarely reported in patients without sickle cell anemia [ 5 - 7 ].[doi.org]
Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • In this case report we described a Bahraini male patient of twenty years of age, a smoker and diagnosed with stage IV B Hodgkin lymphoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Limited Mobility
  • An eleven-year-old boy presented with fever and hip pain, with limited mobility of the right side of the hip.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Burkina Faso
  • Sorrell, Kiranmayi Vadlamudi, Natalia McLean & Mikhail Prokopenko Scientific Reports (2019) Whole genome sequencing of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolated from humans and poultry in Burkina Faso Assèta Kagambèga, Taru[doi.org]
Aspiration
  • Since treatment duration is expected to be prolonged, the practice of direct inoculation of aspirates into blood culture bottles appears to be essential for diagnosis and targeted therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • An aspiration culture test was performed for the abscess and salmonella group D was cultured.[doi.org]
Pleural Effusion
  • He presented with fever, nonproductive cough, upper back pain and shortness of breath due to right upper lobe pneumonia with right encysted pleural effusion. Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis was isolated from the sputum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Dry Cough
  • Other frequent symptoms include chills, abdominal pain, hepatosplenomegaly, rash (rose spots), nausea, anorexia, diarrhea or constipation, headache, and a dry cough ( Stuart and Pullen, 1946 ).[doi.org]
Abdominal Pain
  • A 26-year-old woman presented with a 5-day history of fever and 3-day history of left upper quadrant abdominal pain and cough associated with left shoulder tip pain. Initial blood cultures did not display growth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The symptoms of Salmonella infection usually appear 12–72 hours after infection, and include fever, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea and sometimes vomiting. The illness usually lasts 4–7 days, and most people recover without treatment.[who.int]
Back Pain
  • The back pain was diagnosed as L4-5 facet pain and so a lumbar median branch block was performed. After he initially improved 10-20% for 3 days, the back pain recurred and persisted until the time of transfer to our hospital.[doi.org]
  • He presented with fever, nonproductive cough, upper back pain and shortness of breath due to right upper lobe pneumonia with right encysted pleural effusion. Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis was isolated from the sputum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hip Pain
  • An eleven-year-old boy presented with fever and hip pain, with limited mobility of the right side of the hip.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • When a patient presents with elevated troponins in the setting of rhabdomyolysis a careful workup should be done to evaluate for ischemic causes, myocarditis, or false elevation secondary to rhabdomyolysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Streptococcus Pneumoniae
  • Physiological roles of the dual phosphate transporter systems in low and high phosphate conditions and in capsule maintenance of Streptococcus pneumoniae D39. Front. Cell. Infect.[doi.org]
Chlamydia Trachomatis
  • Whole-genome analysis of diverse Chlamydia trachomatis strains identifies phylogenetic relationships masked by current clinical typing. Nat. Genet. 44, 413–419 (2012). 33. Gangarosa, E.J. et al. An epidemic-associated episome? J. Infect.[doi.org]
Pleural Effusion
  • He presented with fever, nonproductive cough, upper back pain and shortness of breath due to right upper lobe pneumonia with right encysted pleural effusion. Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis was isolated from the sputum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Despite the recommendation not to use antibiotics for the treatment of uncomplicated NTS-Salmonella infection, little treatment guidance is available.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] of antibiotic treatments should then be considered.[doi.org]

Prognosis

  • Patients with Salmonella aortitis are a challenging subgroup of patients with aggressive infection and very poor prognosis, because bacterial eradication is difficult and risk of recurrent infection is high.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The prognosis has been shown to be good for young patients who are without preceding factors [ 1, 4 ]. This patient was also a patient without preceding factors and he improved with only antibiotic treatment.[doi.org]

Etiology

  • Salmonella should be considered in the differential of the etiology of immunosuppressed patient with septic bursitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • S. enterica is the etiologic agent of gastroenteritis and typhoid fever in humans ( 88 ), whereas E. coli is most commonly known as a commensal of the lower intestine of mammals, although pathogenic variants also exist ( 77 ).[doi.org]

Epidemiology

  • Author information 1 Field Epidemiology Services, National Infection Service, Public Health England, UK; Field Epidemiology Training Programme, Public Health England, London, UK; European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training, European Centre[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology of Salmonella diarrhea in the Rhesus monkey: intestinal transport, morphological and bacteriological studies. Gastroenterology 67, 59–70. Pubmed Abstract Pubmed Full Text Sabbagh, S. C., Forest, C. G., Lepage, C., Leclerc, J.[doi.org]

Prevention

  • The key to preventing illness at home, in a restaurant, at a church picnic, or anywhere else is to prevent the bacteria from growing to high levels and to destroy the bacteria through cooking to a safe minimum internal temperature.[fsis.usda.gov]
  • Author information 1 Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225009, China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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