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Scalenus Anticus Syndrome

Nonne's Cervical Syndrome


Presentation

  • الصفحة 36 - Pain is considered widespread when all of the following are present: pain in the left side of the body, pain in the right side of the body, pain above the waist, and pain below the waist.[books.google.com]
  • This book presents the most up-to-date knowledge concerning Raynaud's disease, an autoimmune disorder distinguished by well-demarcated blanching or cyanosis of one or more digits on exposure to cold, that occurs in episodic attacks.[books.google.de]
  • Covering the full range of diseases/disorders most important to vascular surgeons, this full-color atlas presents over 100 common and complex procedures, including open and endovascular techniques, with an emphasis on anatomy and imaging studies as they[books.google.de]
  • The authors describe the case of a middle-aged woman who presented with transient blindness when she turned her head excessively to the left. She also exhibited other less severe brainstem symptoms.[doi.org]
  • Bilateral thoracic outlet syndrome: An uncommon presentation of a rare condition in children. Ann Indian Acad Neurol[annalsofian.org]
Leg Length Inequality
  • A left-side leg-length inequality potentially indicative of putative upper cervical subluxation was also noted.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Excitement
  • "It's a happy day in the sense that we're excited the cause has been found.[web.archive.org]
  • Beltran excited about participating in Derby ST. LOUIS -- A first-time participant in the State Farm Home Run Derby, Carlos Beltran still has several details to work out.[web.archive.org]
  • Obviously a lot of big pieces gone, but it's a young group, and an exciting group, and a group that's going to grow up together -- because we're forced to. The NHL is not a developmental league, you have to win hockey games."[espn.com]
Numbness of the Hand
  • Double Crush Syndrome Patients with thoracic outlet syndrome usually have symptoms of tingling and numbness in the hand. These hand symptoms are similar to those of carpal tunnel syndrome and cubital tunnel syndrome.[nerve.wustl.edu]
  • " in their hand even in the absence of neurological deficit.[dynamicchiropractic.com]
Hyperactivity
  • Our patient's abnormal skin temperature may have reflected sympathetic vasomotor hyperactivity. Intermittent neurovascular compression and sympathetic hyperactivity appear to be factors in scalenus anticus syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Cervicobrachial Syndrome
  • syndrome 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code Type 2 Excludes cervical disc disorder ( M50.- ) thoracic outlet syndrome ( G54.0 ) Angiospasm (peripheral) (traumatic) (vessel) I73.9 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code I73.9 Peripheral vascular disease, unspecified[icd10data.com]

Treatment

  • 20 What are the treatments for cushings disease/ syndrome? Depends: The treatment options depend on the cause of the cushing's syndrome. If the cause is due to overuse of steroids , then the treatment is to lower the dose.[healthtap.com]
  • […] and harvest of the femoropopliteal vein; and endovascular treatment of aortic arch vessels, subclavian and axillary artery.[books.google.de]
  • The only available text on Raynaud's, the book includes a comprehensive discussion of the physiology of finger blood flow, and coverage of both old and new treatment modalities.[books.google.de]
  • INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Treatment was limited to chiropractic, upper cervical, vectored, linear adjustment of the atlas vertebra.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Apply the latest treatments, rehabilitation protocols, and expertise of leading surgeons and therapists to help your patients regain maximum movement after traumatic injuries or to improve limited functionality caused by chronic or acquired conditions[books.google.de]

Prognosis

  • Readers will find full information on the anatomy of the disease, the clinical picture, prevalence, diagnosis, prognosis, pathology, pathophysiology, and the author's personal treatment preferences, which are backed by 30 years of professional experience[books.google.de]
  • […] compression of the subclavian artery (near the first rib) Please find comprehensive information on Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) regarding definition, distribution, risk factors, causes, signs & symptoms, diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, prognosis[dovemed.com]
  • Prognosis The outcome for individuals with TOS varies according to type. The majority of individuals with TOS will improve with exercise and physical therapy.[ninds.nih.gov]
  • What is the prognosis? The outcome for individuals with TOS varies according to type. The majority of individuals with TOS will improve with exercise and physical therapy.[web.archive.org]
  • Outlook (Prognosis) Surgery to remove the extra rib and break up tight fiber bands may ease symptoms in some people. Some people have symptoms that return after surgery.[mountsinai.org]

Etiology

  • […] vicious circle; this concept was essentially abandoned in the 1950s, when actual causes, such as cervical radiculopathy and carpal tunnel syndrome, for upper extremity symptoms were appreciated, but resurrected in the 1980s, without attribution, as etiology[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • […] synonyms: TOS ICD-10 G54.0: Brachial plexus disorders TOS ICD-9 353.0 (Brachial plexus lesions; cerical rib syndrome, costoclavicular syndrome, scalenus anticus sydrome, thoracic outlet syndrome) TOS Etiology / Epidemiology / Natural History Etiology:[eorif.com]
  • Roos DB (1979) New concepts of thoracic outlet syndrome that explain etiology, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Vasc Surg 13:313–321 Google Scholar 5. Riddel DH, Smith BM (1986) Thoracic and vascular aspects of thoracic outlet syndrome.[link.springer.com]
  • Etiology scalenus anticus syndrome : abnormal insertion of scalenus anterior onto 1 st rib (commonest cause) congenital cervical rib bony abnormality of 1 st rib or clavicle (congenital anomaly, malunited fracture, callus, Paget disease, tumor) elongated[radiopaedia.org]
  • […] the problem - there are often 1 or more congenital anomalies that predispose someone to sxs • Accurate diagnosis is based on total clinical picture - dx based on clinical exam, electrodiagnostic studies, arterial and venous studies, and x-rays • Bony etiology[quizlet.com]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology [ 1 ] Because of a lack of a gold standard for diagnosis it is difficult to obtain meaningful epidemiological figures.[patient.info]
  • […] synonyms: TOS ICD-10 G54.0: Brachial plexus disorders TOS ICD-9 353.0 (Brachial plexus lesions; cerical rib syndrome, costoclavicular syndrome, scalenus anticus sydrome, thoracic outlet syndrome) TOS Etiology / Epidemiology / Natural History Etiology:[eorif.com]
  • Epidemiology Incidence Predominant age Neurogenic type (95%): 20 to 60 years Venous type (4%): 20 to 35 years Arterial type (1%; atherosclerosis): young adult or 50 years Predominant sex Neurogenic type: female male (3.5:1) Venous type: male female Arterial[unboundmedicine.com]
  • Epidemiologic surveillance of upperextremity musculoskeletal disorders in the working population. Arthritis Rheum. 2006;55:765–78. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 2. Kuijpers T, van Tulder MW, van der Heijden GJ, Bouter LM, van der Windt DA.[doi.org]
  • Epidemiology of clavicle fractures. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2002;11(5):452-6. Neer CS II. Fractures of the clavicle. In: Rockwood CA, Green DP, eds. Fractures in Adults. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott; 1984.p707-713. Rowe CR.[ojs.aaot.org.ar]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Readers will find full information on the anatomy of the disease, the clinical picture, prevalence, diagnosis, prognosis, pathology, pathophysiology, and the author's personal treatment preferences, which are backed by 30 years of professional experience[books.google.de]
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome: pathophysiology and diagnostic evaluation. In: Sidawy AN, Perler BA, eds. Rutherford's Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 120. Updated by: Mary C.[nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome: pathophysiology and diagnostic evaluation. In: Sidawy AN, Perler BA, eds. Rutherford's Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 120.[mountsinai.org]
  • In the subsequent literature, however, TOS has been categorized into five clinically distinct variations, based on specific pathophysiology. These include arterial, venous, traumatic neurovascular, true neurogenic, and disputed.[emedicine.com]

Prevention

  • […] from the compression of the subclavian artery (near the first rib) Please find comprehensive information on Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) regarding definition, distribution, risk factors, causes, signs & symptoms, diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention[dovemed.com]
  • Prevent and plan for complications prior to a procedure thanks to a step-by-step approach to each procedure accompanied by relevant imaging studies.[books.google.de]
  • Prevention TOS is not preventable in many cases, though the risk for this problem can be reduced by avoiding 1) repetitive injuries that come with carrying heavy weights, 2) repeatedly reaching overhead, 3) or lifting objects with the arms extended above[web.archive.org]
  • Other medicines include thromobolytics to break up blood clots and anticoagulants to prevent clots.[ninds.nih.gov]
  • If there is pressure on a vein, your provider may give you a blood thinner to prevent a blood clot. You may need surgery if physical therapy and changes in activity do not improve your symptoms.[nlm.nih.gov]

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