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Schistosoma Intercalatum


Presentation

  • Comparison between measurements of the eggs of S. haematobium, S. intercalatum and S. bovis eggs are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Schistosoma intercalatum, which causes human rectal schistosomiasis in Africa, still presents a great interest for its imprecise taxonomic status and its puzzling distribution in Africa.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the heavily infected subjects (greater than 400 eggs/g. faeces) highly significantly more diarrhoea with microscopic and macroscopic blood in stool was present (p less than 0.0001).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Schistosomal eggs were present in the rectal mucosa of 48 (90.6%) of these 53 patients, in 11 (64.7%) of 17 patients with septicemia due to Salmonella typhi or Salmonella paratyphi, and in 21 (38.2%; P .001) of 55 controls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • As no false positive results were detected for the negative controls, the present results suggest, in accordance with results earlier obtained for schistosomiasis mansoni, that only in active S. intercalatum infections is antigen demonstrable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Apyrexia
  • Treatment with antibiotics induced apyrexia only after administration of antiparasitic therapy in 30 patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Amyloidosis
  • […] glomerulonephritis, class III (membranoproliferative) and class IV (focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis) cover the majority of patients with progressive disease, and are often associated with abnormalities in serum IgA components,12 and class V is systemic amyloidosis[kundoc.com]
Sore Throat
  • Damaged lungs, degraded muscles: Why flu makes you feel so bad 1/2/19 We all know the symptoms of influenza infection include fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches, headaches and fatigue. But just what causes Read More[barnstablecountyhealth.org]

Workup

  • . • Neuroimaging, serology, molecular testing, and biopsy can all be important components of the diagnostic workup for neuroschistosomiasis. • Antischistosomal drugs, corticosteroids, and surgery are useful for treating neuroschistosomiasis.[medlink.com]
Salmonella Typhi
  • Abstract Twenty-five African children from Libreville had concomitant typhoid or paratyphoid fever (Salmonella typhi, 4 children; Salmonella paratyphi A, 1; S. paratyphi B, 5; S. paratyphi C, 15) and Schistosoma intercalatum infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Schistosomal eggs were present in the rectal mucosa of 48 (90.6%) of these 53 patients, in 11 (64.7%) of 17 patients with septicemia due to Salmonella typhi or Salmonella paratyphi, and in 21 (38.2%; P .001) of 55 controls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Abstract Twenty-five African children from Libreville had concomitant typhoid or paratyphoid fever ( Salmonella typhi , 4 children; Salmonella paratyphi A, 1; S. paratyphi B, 5; s. paratyphi C, 15) and Schistosoma intercalatum infection.[ajtmh.org]
  • Schistosomal eggs were present in the rectal mucosa of 48 (90.6%) of these 53 patients, in 11 (64.7%) of 17 patients with septicemia due to Salmonella typhi or Salmonella paratyphi, and in 21 (38.2%; p .001) of 55 controls.[popline.org]
Taenia Solium
  • Taenia solium), which are now called macroparasites (typically protozoa and helminths). Parasites also includes microparasites, which are typically smaller, such as viruses and bacteria, can be directly transmitted between hosts of one species.[morebooks.de]

Treatment

  • […] provided by ZooBank scientific name Schistosoma intercalatum status new species Treatment Schistosoma intercalatum ZBK, new species This treatment is a stub.[treatment.plazi.org]
  • The concomitant treatment of both infections is recommended.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment with antibiotics induced apyrexia only after administration of antiparasitic therapy in 30 patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A case is presented of intestinal schistosomiasis due to both Schistosoma intercalatum and Schistosoma mansoni in a 30-year-old man from Senegal with discussion of diagnostic approach, species identification and determination of the effect of treatment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The concomitant treatment of both infections is recommended. Copyright 1984 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Article metrics loading...[ajtmh.org]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis Cure rates for oral medical treatment range from 70-100%, depending on the drug used.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Etiology

  • Schistosoma intercalatum, human, 3 cases with associated Salmonella infections, possible etiologic association postulated mixed infection bacteria Schistosoma intercalatum (Trematoda) Medecine Tropicale.[agris.fao.org]
  • Etiology: The trematodes (flukes) . Schistosomes are flukes that inhabit the portal vascular system. All species have similar life cycles.[meddean.luc.edu]
  • Etiology The diagnosis of schistosomiasis should be considered in any individuals who have resided in endemic areas with significant freshwater contact. S mekongi is thought to be the principal human schistosome pathogen of Cambodia and Laos.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Epidemiology

  • These epidemiological observations lead the authors to distinguish three kinds of transmission foci for S. intercalatum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Recent studies showed that the epidemiology of this species is very dynamic, including invasions and extinctions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract In a cross sectional study, 1221 individuals were enrolled to determine the urban epidemiology of Schistosoma intercalatum in the city of Bata, Equatorial Guinea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • "Weekly Epidemiological Record" (2011). World Health Organization 86 : 73-80. Crompton DW (1999) How much human helminthiasis is there in the world? J Parasitol 85 : 397-403.[en.wikipedia.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • In this article, the authors discuss the role of humans and snails in the fascinating life cycle of schistosomal worms, the presumed pathophysiology of neuroschistosomiasis, and advances in the control, diagnosis, and treatment of this important parasitic[medlink.com]
  • Schistosomiasis comprises the following 3 major syndromes: Cercarial dermatitis Acute schistosomiasis or Katayama fever Chronic fibro-obstructive disease Pathophysiology Schistosomes are digenetic, which means that mature adult worms reproduce sexually[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • Simultaneous infections without choice of mate showed an absence of any physiological barriers preventing encounter and mating of the two species on the same host.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Hence there is no prezygotic isolation mechanism which would prevent the interaction of the two genotypes if they were sympatric. However, as they are allopatric, the possibility of the production of unfit hybrids does not arise.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.[en.wikipedia.org]

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