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Sea Cucumber Poisoning

Poisoning by Sea Cucumber


Presentation

  • Results Chicken bones – no toxin present Sea slug – extreme level of toxin present, molecular mass 319.28 Da Crab – no toxin present Dead mussel – low level of toxin present, molecular mass 805 Da Rotting fish – no toxin present Screen 3 You have identified[sciencelearn.org.nz]
  • Is domoic acid present in all seafood? Unsafe levels of domoic acid have been detected in razor clams and Dungeness crab in Washington coastal waters. Domoic acid has also been found in bivalves in Puget Sound areas.[sea-quest-kayak.com]
  • If holothurin is also present, nearby animals exposed to the chemical may die. The functional organs for digestion, respiration, circulation, reproduction, and locomotion are neatly contained inside this cavern.[leisurepro.com]
  • Divers will encounter them peering from a crevice or hole and, as they present a safe haven, morays will not flee, but defend their own, very aggressively. Their bite is exceptionally painful and wounds take long to heal.[ronjenjehrvatska.com]
  • Although both structures are present, generally only one is venomous in a given species.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Fishing
  • Coverage of venomous and poisonous animals is comprehensive, with thorough discussions on shellfish poisoning, ciguatera, fugu, coelenterates, stingrays, venous fish, blue-ringed octopus, sea-snakes, scorpions, spiders, insects, and gila lizards.[books.google.com]
  • BLUE 6 Environment 3 Spellbooks 6 عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة 1mproved 1nitiative ability aboleth alchemy animals aquatic creatures aquatic elves aquatic races areas Armor Class Base Attack/Grapple bioluminescent blind lasher Blindsight bloat island blood fish[books.google.com]
  • "The very poisonous sea cucumber is the Holothuria atra species which is black in colour and has smooth skin," he said, adding that in some Pacific islands, they were used to poison fish.[asiaone.com]
  • Fish Poisoning Ciguatera Poisoning Risk and symptoms : Ciguatera fish poisoning is the most frequently reported fish-borne illness worldwide, resulting in approximately 50,000 cases annually.[tripprep.com]
Pain
  • Hours after eating, the victims started feeling abdominal pains and breathing difficulties. They were also dehydrated when they were rushed to the hospital.[news.abs-cbn.com]
  • Chinese medicine shop owner Paul Huang said that most buyers would consume sea cucumber for better blood circulation as well as to ease joint pains.[asiaone.com]
  • When you accidentally brush against a tentacle while swimming or walking on the beach, the resulting sting can be irritating or painful, and may even be dangerous.[health24.com]
  • “Well, sea cucumber, to my knowledge, has the highest concentration of chondroitin sulfate of any animal… it’s used very effectively for joint pain and arthritic pain.”[foxnews.com]
  • […] be then washed with soap and fresh water Immediate pain control may be through the use of hot water or vinegar Application of topical antibiotics The wound is left uncovered to heal Pain relieving medications as required Tetanus vaccination may be required[dovemed.com]
Swelling
  • Patients experienced a significant reduction in bleeding gums, swelling, and the depth of their periodontal pockets (as compared to the control group). Sea cucumbers are higher in protein than almost any other food, except for egg whites.[thetruthaboutcancer.com]
  • […] species of sea cucumber The amount of toxin absorbed by the body The reaction of the human body to the toxin The signs and symptoms of Sea Cucumber Irritation may be mild or severe and may include: Skin symptoms: Rashes on the skin, red-color skin Itching Swelling[dovemed.com]
  • Symptoms and signs of injury: Piercing of the skin may result in intense burning, pain and swelling. At times, heavy bleeding may occur. Raised, fleshy lesions may still be present several months after the initial injury.[health24.com]
  • The brittle spines of most sea urchins are non-venomous, but easily penetrate the skin, causing intense burning pain, swelling, and at times profuse bleeding.[academic.sun.ac.za]
  • It appears to have the ability to stretch way out in length and also swell to about a little smaller than the radius of a pencil. When I flicked on the light, it quickly shriveled in size and retracted into the reef.[wetwebmedia.com]
Physician
  • Auerbach has served as a volunteer physician in Haiti, Nepal, and Guatemala.[books.google.com]
  • A Sea Cucumber Irritation is diagnosed through the following tools: A physical examination of the affected site by the physician is normally sufficient to diagnose the condition In addition, the symptoms exhibited by the individual may be carefully observed[dovemed.com]
Disability
  • Meet the needs and special considerations of specific patient populations such as children, women, elders, persons with chronic medical conditions, and the disabled. Make smart decisions about gear, navigation, nutrition, and survival.[books.google.com]
Vomiting
  • Symptoms appear within 2 hours of shellfish consumption and include chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain and usually resolve within 3 days.[tripprep.com]
  • It is learnt that the two men, who had suffered from severe vomiting, numbness and breathing difficulties, were initially treated at the Kudat Hospital on Wednesday before being transferred to the Queen Elizabeth Hospital here.[thestar.com.my]
  • Other clinical features, in order of frequency, include: palpitations, throbbing headache, abdominal cramps, with occasional vomiting.[academic.sun.ac.za]
  • Here’s a video of an intentionally provoked sea cucumber, with a background commentary that does not reflect the most brilliant of humans: (please do not provoke sea cucumbers in real life just to watch them vomit) When threatened, most species of sea[blog.nus.edu.sg]
  • Systemic reactions – although rare – include nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, excessive sweating, muscular weakness, seizures and even coma. The wounds, notoriously slow in healing, often become infected.[health24.com]
Nausea
  • Symptoms appear within 2 hours of shellfish consumption and include chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain and usually resolve within 3 days.[tripprep.com]
  • Symptoms include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea and abdominal cramps within 24 hours of ingestion.[sea-quest-kayak.com]
  • The clinical picture is characterised by nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain and rigors. Spontaneous recovery usually occurs within 3 days, irrespective of medical treatment.[academic.sun.ac.za]
  • Systemic reactions – although rare – include nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, excessive sweating, muscular weakness, seizures and even coma. The wounds, notoriously slow in healing, often become infected.[health24.com]
  • This is assumed by other characters to have a sexual connotation but is actually a reference to her frequent nausea. The name is in reference to a sea cucumber's use of vomiting as a method of self-defense.[en.wikipedia.org]
Abdominal Pain
  • Hours after eating, the victims started feeling abdominal pains and breathing difficulties. They were also dehydrated when they were rushed to the hospital.[news.abs-cbn.com]
  • Symptoms appear within 2 hours of shellfish consumption and include chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain and usually resolve within 3 days.[tripprep.com]
  • The clinical picture is characterised by nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain and rigors. Spontaneous recovery usually occurs within 3 days, irrespective of medical treatment.[academic.sun.ac.za]
  • Systemic reactions – although rare – include nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, excessive sweating, muscular weakness, seizures and even coma. The wounds, notoriously slow in healing, often become infected.[health24.com]
Food Poisoning
  • The casualties were identified as Neriejen Rumbo, 10, and Abunjo Golbe, 53, who were among six victims rushed to Lapu-Lapu District Hospital Sunday morning for food poisoning.[news.abs-cbn.com]
  • Hey, don’t underestimate this fler just coz it looks like Flubber ‘s ugly cousin, people can get food poisoning from eating the wrong type of sea cucumber. It happened to four Sabahans after they ate one with black and purple dots.[cilisos.my]
  • Scombroid poisoning Scombroid poisoning (also referred to as histamine food poisoning) is a form of ichthyosarcotoxism caused by the consumption of “spoiled” fish, which has undergone autolytic changes as a result of improper storage conditions.[academic.sun.ac.za]
Diarrhea
  • Other bacteria related to cholera can cause diarrhea or even a fatal infection in those with liver disease or compromised immunity.[tripprep.com]
  • Symptoms include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea and abdominal cramps within 24 hours of ingestion.[sea-quest-kayak.com]
Tachycardia
  • Tachycardia, T-wave changes on the ECG, and occasionally hypotension, have been reported. Death due to respiratory failure may occur within 2-24 hours after ingestion.[academic.sun.ac.za]
Hypotension
  • Tachycardia, T-wave changes on the ECG, and occasionally hypotension, have been reported. Death due to respiratory failure may occur within 2-24 hours after ingestion.[academic.sun.ac.za]
Eruptions
  • Improve your competency and readiness with the latest guidance on volcanic eruptions, extreme sports, splints and slings, wilderness cardiology, living off the land, aerospace medicine, mental health in the wilderness, tactical combat casualty care, and[books.google.com]
  • Classically a sting results in a local linear (whip-like), painful, urticarial eruption at the areas of tentacle contact. Local lesions usually resolve within a day or two.[academic.sun.ac.za]
Pruritus
  • Pruritus is an infrequent feature. Gastrointestinal symptoms and signs, such as diarrhoea, are also prominent. A diarrhoea, often watery, usually appears within 6 hours.[academic.sun.ac.za]
Skin Ulcer
  • The complications that may arise from a Sea Cucumber Irritation may include: Anaphylaxis type allergic reaction, which can be fatal sometimes Bleeding and skin ulceration can cause secondary bacterial or fungal infections to develop Scarring of skin at[dovemed.com]
Distractibility
  • […] aquatic creatures aquatic elves aquatic races areas Armor Class Base Attack/Grapple bioluminescent blind lasher Blindsight bloat island blood fish bloodworm bone Challenge Rating check DC 15 combat common crabs create darkvision deep harvesters depths distracted[books.google.com]
  • Holothurin does not appear to harm human beings; in fact, the toxin has been found to reduce the rate of growth… Read More In echinoderm: Predation and defense …or distract predators; others produce holothurin, a toxin lethal to many would-be predators[britannica.com]
  • […] not reflect the most brilliant of humans: (please do not provoke sea cucumbers in real life just to watch them vomit) When threatened, most species of sea cucumbers may expel all or parts of their internal organs through the mouth or anus, in order to distract[blog.nus.edu.sg]
  • This distracts the predator while the cucumber crawls into hiding. It takes a month or more for the organs to grow back.[susanscott.net]
  • This is another defense mechanism, where it literally throws up its internal organs from its anus to distract potential attackers, ultimately killing itself. This process is called evisceration. Yep. They do dat.[cilisos.my]

Workup

Vibrio Parahaemolyticus
  • parahaemolyticus, Shigella flexneri, STEC non-O157, Vibrio albensis, Campylobacter lari, and norovirus genogroup 1 linked to Mexican Oysters Settlements reached in Cyclospora Outbreak Raw Oysters with Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio albensis, Shigella[marlerblog.com]

Treatment

  • All aspects of the topic are covered including information on the biology and taxonomy of poisonous animals, their venom or poison, diagnosis, and general treatment principles and specific treatment.[books.google.com]
  • […] as well as a treatment in and of itself if people decide to use sea cucumber,” he said.[foxnews.com]
  • Treatment: Treatment is symptomatic. How to prevent injury: Check where the nearest doctor or hospital is before you and your family spend the day at the sea. Always be an alert swimmer and watch out for possible dangers.[health24.com]
  • Treatment of Physalia physalis envenomations. Med J Aust 1988; 149 : 54. 8. Burnett JW, Calton GJ. Venomous Pelagic Coelenterates: Chemistry, Toxicology, Immunoglogy and Treatment of their Stings. Toxicon 1987; 25 (6): 581-602.[academic.sun.ac.za]

Prognosis

  • I don't even play one on TV About 3 months ago I wrote asking about the prognosis for a Turd cucumber (Please insert appropriate scientific name here) that was caught in a powerhead.[wetwebmedia.com]

Etiology

  • (Etiology) The sea cucumber can release a toxic chemical that can affect the skin on contact Depending on the amount of chemical in contact with the skin (or eye), the severity of the signs and symptoms is dictated What are the Signs and Symptoms of Sea[dovemed.com]

Epidemiology

  • Weekly Epidemiological Record: WHO, Geneva, Switzerland 2001; 38 : 290-298. 7. Exton DR. Treatment of Physalia physalis envenomations. Med J Aust 1988; 149 : 54. 8. Burnett JW, Calton GJ.[academic.sun.ac.za]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Get the skills you need now with new information on global humanitarian relief and expedition medicine, plus expanded coverage of injury prevention and environmental preservation.[books.google.com]
  • Neither refrigeration nor cooking can prevent scombroid.[tripprep.com]
  • How to prevent stings: Check where the nearest doctor or hospital is before you and your family spend the day at the sea. Always be an alert swimmer and watch out for possible dangers.[health24.com]
  • In fact, even with many of the filter-feeding cukes, the risk is low as long as you take certain precautions to prevent the animal meeting an unpleasant end (as explained in the section above).[saltcorner.com]
  • A good strainer will prevent most animals from being sucked into the intake of a pump, powerhead or overflow.[advancedaquarist.com]

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