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Sea Sickness


Presentation

  • In the 5th/6th century AD Hesychios Alexandrinos presented an alphabetical dictionary on these different meanings of “ναυτία” and “ναυσία” and their derivatives.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Sensory conflict theory [ edit ] At present a "fully adequate theory of motion sickness is not presently available" but contemporary sensory conflict theory, referring to "a discontinuity between either visual, proprioceptive, and somatosensory input,[en.wikipedia.org]
Swelling
  • After departure, coastal wave refraction and associated choppiness should be followed by more regular ocean swells, so do not be initially discouraged by seasickness.[mahina.com]
  • […] the drug will not interfere with your work. [26] Some children react to antihistamines by getting agitated instead of drowsy, which you may want to test for before your trip. [27] Seek emergency attention if you experience an allergic reaction (rash, swelling[wikihow.health]
  • Lucian in Hermotimus adds headache: ἀλλὰ ἀνάγκη ἐν τῷ πελάγει διαφέρεσθαι ναυτιῶντα ὡς τὸ πολὺ καὶ δεδιότα καὶ καρηβαροῦντα ὑπὸ τοῦ σάου,… … he must be tossed about the sea, usually sick and frightened and with a bad head from the swell, … In other classical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Falling
  • If you are sailing close-hauled, ease sheets and fall off. When going below, first take your foulies off in the cockpit rather than below decks. Minimize time working below if possible.[mahina.com]
  • The wind was described as an especially aggressive force that gets everything moving (tumbling and falling) and can lead to chaotic conditions in the world and to illness in the human body.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fatigue
  • Symptoms include dizziness, fatigue, vertigo, depressed appetite, nonspecific malaise, gastrointestinal discomfort, (most commonly) nausea, and nausea-caused vomiting [1] (see Sopite syndrome ).[en.wikipedia.org]
Hypothermia
  • Prolonged vomiting causes dehydration surprisingly quickly, hypothermia (even in the tropics) anxiety, confusion, depression and shock. Once in shock, an enema or IV is the next step to rehydration and your survival.[mahina.com]
Pain
  • The following citation from the chapter “Discussion of the sea” refers to the same subject matter: “Is the sea of marrow not sufficiently filled, the brain begins rotating around, the ears ringing, the calves/shins suffer from sour pains and the veil-dizziness[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sighing
  • With a profound sigh they point to the unexpected mountains, already having thrice sung the Gulai Song. One will not see again those close to us, we move on, travel sick and weak ….[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Nausea
  • Seasickness is hardly fatal, but with symptoms such as nausea, stomach cramps and vomiting, it can certainly put a damper on your cruise fun.[cruisecritic.com]
  • Nausea results when histamine reaches the brain. Some people are more susceptible than others but given the right conditions anyone can become seasick.[mahina.com]
  • Going on board drunk, hungover, or exhausted can make the problem much worse. [10] Alcohol is especially risky if you plan to take anti-nausea medication, since it can increase the sedative effect or cause dangerous drug interactions.[wikihow.health]
  • The Latin words “nausea” and “nauseare” were derived from the Greek.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • If the cause of the nausea is not resolved, the sufferer will usually vomit, but vomiting may not relieve the feeling of weakness and nausea, which means the person might continue to vomit until the underlying cause of the nausea is resolved.[en.wikipedia.org]
Tinnitus
  • Thus, dizziness occurs in connection with tinnitus and an imbalance of the head due to deficient Qi in the head ( 16 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Skin Patch
  • Many people experience drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision after taking these medications, especially in high doses or as a skin patch.[wikihow.health]
Blurred Vision
  • Transderm Scopolamine 1.5 mg patches may work when no other drug does, but one MUST first test this drug out on land as documented side effects include drowsiness, blurred vision, disorientation, anxiety, hallucinations and psychosis.[mahina.com]
  • Many people experience drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision after taking these medications, especially in high doses or as a skin patch.[wikihow.health]
Distractibility
  • Do your best to distract yourself during the trip, and keep the bag accessible but out of sight. 8 Stay sober and well-rested.[wikihow.health]
Fear
  • It was feared that Hannibal could begin crossing the Rhone at any moment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Headache
  • As soon as seasick symptoms appear (mild headache, queasiness, sweating, drowsiness, depression) sensory conflict has caused histamine production to start and a more disciplined response is required.[mahina.com]
  • Thus, afflicted individuals were described as suffering from agitation and pressure on the breast, headaches, and the urge to vomit.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Headache
  • As soon as seasick symptoms appear (mild headache, queasiness, sweating, drowsiness, depression) sensory conflict has caused histamine production to start and a more disciplined response is required.[mahina.com]
  • Thus, afflicted individuals were described as suffering from agitation and pressure on the breast, headaches, and the urge to vomit.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Forgetful
  • But if you are looking at cabin choices don't forget to look at other sources of annoyance too (kitchens, discos, bars, pools etc.)[tripadvisor.com]
  • On the other hand, for those who can forget about it, it's often smooth sailing. Some people have a genuine proclivity for motion sickness and will undoubtedly suffer more during rough seas.[cruisecritic.com]
Agitation
  • If you plan to help steer or operate machinery on the boat, conduct a test run on land to make sure the drug will not interfere with your work. [26] Some children react to antihistamines by getting agitated instead of drowsy, which you may want to test[wikihow.health]
  • If it flows incorrectly or is agitated by emotions, problems arise.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Personality Change
  • Expect major personality changes and serious drowsiness if this Scopolamine is used more than four days. CAUTION! With any drug, prescription or over the counter, there are published side effects.[mahina.com]

Treatment

  • Seasickness is unusual in infants and toddlers, so treatment is rarely necessary. 6 Clear your sinuses. If you have a stuffy nose or blocked ears, treat the problem before and during travel.[wikihow.health]
  • Available only by prescription, the Scop is preventive, not a treatment, and can cause possible side effects such as dry mouth, blurry vision, drowsiness and dizziness.[cruisecritic.com]
  • Having dealt with over 400 seasick sailors over the past 42 years at sea, we have become very experienced at prevention and treatment. If you want to avoid seasickness or recover quickly, follow these steps.[mahina.com]
  • "Prevention and treatment of motion sickness". Am Fam Physician. 90 (1): 41–6. PMID 25077501. "Stroboscopic Vision as a Treatment for Space Motion Sickness" (PDF).[en.wikipedia.org]
  • 9th juan, 子部/醫家類/赤水元珠/卷九 Sun Yikui 孙一奎 (1538–1600) 17th/18th century AD Ship-dizziness and cart-dizziness (晕船晕车 yunchuan yunche, literally, dizziness-ship and dizziness-cart) Yan fang xin pian 验方新编 (New collection of proven remedies); juan 16, various treatments[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • A specific type of motion sickness with similar symptoms but a possibly different etiology is space adaptation syndrome (sometimes referred to as space motion sickness).[en.wikipedia.org]

Pathophysiology

  • The Greek view of the pathophysiology of seasickness was based on the humoral theory of Empedokles and Aristoteles and differed from the Chinese medicine of correspondences, which attributed malfunctions to certain body substances and the life force Qi[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prevention

  • Lying down prevents histamine from reaching the brain, decreasing nausea. Avoid lying down in your foulies for an extended period of time to lessen the chance of hyperthermia.[mahina.com]
  • If you have a propensity to motion sickness or are concerned that you might develop symptoms, arm yourself with preventive measures beforehand.[cruisecritic.com]
  • There are many over-the-counter medications for preventing motion sickness.[wikihow.health]
  • Therapy Greek and Roman Approaches Prevention Some ancient authors reflected on how to prevent seasickness, most often emphasizing the importance of becoming accustomed to sea travels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment [ edit ] Many cures and preventatives for motion sickness have been proposed. Devices [ edit ] A motion blocking eyewear device was patented (US patent 6,275,998) [29] to prevent carsickness-related terrestrial motion sickness.[en.wikipedia.org]

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