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Serratia


Presentation

  • Here we present a case of a severe facial infection in a 2-year-old boy after a horse bite, from which Serratia rubidaea and Enterobacter cloacae were isolated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Department of Microbiology, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal.E-mail: shobhamicro@yahoo.com Abstract Serratia rubidaea causing urinary tract infection is presented here.[jcdr.net]
  • YD25 is presented, which is valuable for further exploration of its biotechnological applications in agriculture and medicine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Colonization can hence turn breast milk and fecally-soiled diapers pink, which can lead otherwise unaffected patients to present to their physicians and also interrupt breastfeeding.[liebertpub.com]
  • Abstract A gyrB gene is present in the majority of bacterial species, and encodes the ATPase domain of DNA gyraseB-subunit protein, which is essential for transcription and replication of bacteria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Animal Bite
  • ., previously described in other works, should be taken into account when selecting the antibiotics for prophylactic treatment of farm animal bites.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hemoptysis
  • Serratia pneumonia presenting as hemoptysis in a patient with sarcoidosis: a case report. Int J Gen Med. 2011. 4:661-4. [Medline]. [Full Text]. Wu YM, Hsu PC, Yang CC, Chang HJ, Ye JJ, Huang CT, et al.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Serratia pneumonia presenting as hemoptysis in a patient with sarcoidosis: a case report. Int J Gen Med . 2011. 4:661-4. [Medline] . [Full Text] . Wu YM, Hsu PC, Yang CC, Chang HJ, Ye JJ, Huang CT, et al.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Skin Ulcer
  • Skin ulcers and disseminated abscesses are characteristic of Serratia marcescens infection in older patients with chronic granulomatous disease. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Jul. 124(1):164-6. [Medline].[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Skin ulcers and disseminated abscesses are characteristic of Serratia marcescens infection in older patients with chronic granulomatous disease. J Allergy Clin Immunol . 2009 Jul. 124(1):164-6. [Medline] .[emedicine.medscape.com]
Confusion
  • Biotyping, bacteriocin typing, phage typing, plasmid analysis, and ribotyping can also be usedS. marcescens appears red on trypticase soy agar slants when grown at around 25 C.S. marcescens and S. liquefaciens can be easily confused in the lab when using[en.wikipedia.org]
  • To avoid further confusion, the name Serratia rubidae (Stapp 1940) Ewing et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) should now be used to designate the same ( Serratia rubidae - Serratia marinorubra ) taxon [2]. References: 1 BRENNER (D.J.): Family I.[bacterio.net]

Workup

  • […] fasciitis of the lower extremity; both organisms had identical antibiograms. 15 The portal of entry in another case was an infected intravenous catheter with bacteremia leading to the development of cellulitis at a distant site. 7 Despite an extensive workup[journals.lww.com]
Trypanosoma Cruzi
  • Mitochondrial dysfunction in Trypanosoma cruzi: the role of Serratia marcescens prodigiosin in the alternative treatment of Chagas disease. Parasit Vectors. 2011 May 6. 4:66. [Medline]. [Full Text].[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Mitochondrial dysfunction in Trypanosoma cruzi: the role of Serratia marcescens prodigiosin in the alternative treatment of Chagas disease. Parasit Vectors . 2011 May 6. 4:66. [Medline] . [Full Text] .[emedicine.medscape.com]
Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • Abstract Bioassay-guided fractionation of culture extracts of Serratia plymuthica strain MF371-2 resulted in the isolation of two new antibacterial compounds with potent activity against Gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus LMG 15975[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • ., previously described in other works, should be taken into account when selecting the antibiotics for prophylactic treatment of farm animal bites.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Standard infection control interventions interrupted transmission of this cluster even when treatment with colistin continued in several wards of hospital H1 until now.[ri.conicet.gov.ar]
  • When examining the treatment of Serratia marcescens with appropriate antimicrobials there does not seem to be a difference in symptomatic resolution in polymicrobials vs. unimicrobial infections following treatment.[alliedacademies.org]
  • Identification of the pathogen may be used to predict tight CNLDO and helps in choosing the most successful treatment option.[jacmjournal.org]
  • Treatment of sepsis: What is the antibiotic choice in bacteremia due to carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae? World J Clin Cases 2017;5(8):324-332. [ Links ] 4. Iosifidis E, Farmaki E, Nedelkopoulou N, et al.[scielo.org.za]

Prognosis

  • […] system that describes the severity of a patient's illness based on the degree of organ dysfunction, and serves as a useful tool for predicting mortality in bacteremic patients. 35 An elevated SOFA score is indicative of severe organ dysfunction and poor prognosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • It has also been seen without apparent infection in the intestinal tract of the newborn. 7 The isolation of Serratia from the urine of 20 further patients is recorded here, and some evidence is given as to its etiological role in cases of urinary tract[jamanetwork.com]
  • Although numerous pathogens cause diarrhea, the etiology of many episodes remains unknown. Serratia marcescens is incriminated in hospital-associated infections, and HIV/AIDS associated diarrhea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Etiology and transmission of endosepsis (internal rot) of the fruit of the fig. Hilgardia 2 :287–328. Google Scholar 4. Condit, I. J. 1947. The Fig. Waltham: Chronica Botanica. Google Scholar 5. Crosa, J. H., Brenner, D. J., Falkow, S. 1973.[doi.org]
  • Etiology and transmission of endosepsis (internal rot) of the fruit of the fig. Hilgardia 2 :287–328. Google Scholar 2. Condit, I. J. 1947. The fig. Waltham: Chronica Botanica. Google Scholar 3. Corner, E. J. H. 1966. The natural history of palms.[link.springer.com]
  • Microbial etiologies of hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Aug 1. 51 Suppl 1:S81-7. [Medline]. Posluszny JA Jr, Conrad P, Halerz M, Shankar R, Gamelli RL.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Epidemiology

  • There have been many reports concerning the identification, antibiotic susceptibility, pathogenicity, epidemiological investigations and typing of this organism. Accurate identification is important in defining outbreaks.[doi.org]
  • , the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.[shea-online.org]
  • [The genus Serratia: its biology, clinical effects and epidemiology]. Rev Clin Esp. 1994 Apr. 194(4):294-9. [Medline]. Aron M, Goel R, Gupta NP, et al.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Several methods can be used to study the epidemiology of S. marcescens. Usual enrichment strategies involve the use of media containing antibiotic and antifungal substances.[en.wikipedia.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • […] opportunistic pathogen in humans. [10] Derivatives of prodigiosin have recently been found to have immunosuppressive properties and antitumor activity in vivo [11, 12] and are also currently being considered as a candidate treatment for Chagas disease. [13] Pathophysiology[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • The society’s work improves public health by establishing infection-prevention measures and supporting antibiotic stewardship among healthcare providers, hospitals, and health systems.[shea-online.org]
  • Optimizing use of colistin should be achieved simultaneously with improved infection control to prevent the emergence of species naturally resistant to colistin, such as S. marcescens and P. mirabilis.[ri.conicet.gov.ar]
  • Additionally, chloramphenicol is inexpensive and remains stable in the presence of heparin (which is commonly included in ALT to prevent catheter thrombosis).[ann-clinmicrob.biomedcentral.com]
  • Implementation of antimicrobial stewardship and strict infection control practices is imperative to prevent further dissemination of this formidable pathogen.[scielo.org.za]
  • Transplantation Substance Use and Addiction Surgery Surgical Innovation Surgical Pearls Teachable Moment Technology and Finance The Rational Clinical Examination Tobacco and e-Cigarettes Toxicology Trauma and Injury Treatment Adherence United States Preventive[jamanetwork.com]

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