Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Shigella Boydii

Shigella Boydii Ewing 1949


Presentation

  • A rare case of neonatal shigellosis caused by Shigella boydii in a preterm neonate, severe enough to necessitate intensive care support, is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The arginine decarboxylase gene (adiA) present in S. boydii is involved in survival at extremely low pH.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the context of heightened concern during the Ebola epidemic, this outbreak highlights the importance of rapid and effective microbiological and epidemiological investigations to identify the aetiological agent in patients presenting with fever and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the present study, we report on the analysis of a temporal cluster of 29 S. boydii serotype 2 strains, isolated in the Mpumalanga Province of South Africa (SA) over the period of November to December 2007.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The metrics for the resulting assemblies corresponding GenBank accession and SRA numbers are presented in Table 1 .[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Respiratory Distress
  • The neonate had respiratory distress, systemic hypotension and apnea of prematurity, which resolved by the third postnatal day.[journals.lww.com]
Diarrhea
  • The novel STEC O serogroup may be widespread in Japan and associated with diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) is a foodborne pathogen that causes watery diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Live and boiled cells of 16 strains of Aeromonas caviae, isolated from patients with diarrhea, agglutinated with Shigella boydii 5 antiserum in a slide test.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Three clinical isolates of E. coli and one S. boydii isolated from feces samples collected from children under 5 years of age with diarrhea in Lima, Peru were inoculated onto Mueller-Hinton plates containing increasing serial dilutions of AZM ranging[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Synonym(s): Flexner bacillus ; paradysentery bacillus Shigella sonnei - a species causing mild dysentery and also summer diarrhea in children.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Blood in Stool
  • The following day, the neonate passed several slimy stools with blood. A stool culture yielded S. boydii . Blood and urine cultures did not reveal growth. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis and culture results were normal.[journals.lww.com]
  • The following day, the neonate passed several slimy stools with blood. A stool culture yielded S. boydii. Blood and urine cultures did not reveal growth. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis and culture results were normal.[journals.lww.com]
  • Stool sample reveals the presence of red and white blood cells. Stool culture shows growth of immobile, non-lactose fermenting gram-negative rods.[medbullets.com]
  • Various tests, such as blood films, stool microscopy, stool culture and cerebrospinal fluid cultures, were conducted to determine the cause of this case of Shigellosis, but all came up negative.[en.citizendium.org]
Hemorrhagic Diarrhea
  • diarrhea Spontaneously resolves in 1 week Primarily occurs in children and elderly Analogous to hemorrhagic colitis Caused by Shigella infection of the GI tract " production and secretion of shiga toxin" necrosis of the enterocytes Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome[sites.google.com]
Meningism
  • 10-CM Diagnosis Code A03.9 Shigellosis, unspecified 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code Applicable To Bacillary dysentery NOS Group A A03.0 ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To A03.0 A02.20 Localized salmonella infection, unspecified A02.21 Salmonella meningitis[icd10data.com]

Workup

Colitis
  • The novel STEC O serogroup may be widespread in Japan and associated with diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) is a foodborne pathogen that causes watery diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • , unspecified 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code Applicable To Infectious colitis NOS Infectious enteritis NOS Infectious gastroenteritis NOS Type 1 Excludes colitis NOS ( K52.9 ) diarrhea NOS ( R19.7 ) enteritis NOS ( K52.9 ) gastroenteritis[icd10data.com]
  • Infections with Shiga toxin-producing bacteria are known to cause bloody diarrhea (hemorrhagic colitis).[certest.es]

Treatment

  • II (revived; treatment); likewise, ATCC B was labeled as Gr. III (lyophilized; treatment). 2.2. Biofield Treatment Strategy The Gr. I remained as untreated. The treatment Gr. II and III in sealed pack were handed over to Mr.[trivedieffect.com]
  • Emergence of antimicrobial resistance threatens to render current treatments ineffective.[hal.archives-ouvertes.fr]
  • The treatment of bacillary dysentery Read More[britannica.com]
  • […] immunology, bacteriology, virology, and mycology, in a clear and succinct manner.The text includes morphological features and identification of each organism along with the pathogenesis of diseases, clinical manifestations, diagnostic laboratory tests, treatment[books.google.ro]

Prognosis

  • PROGNOSIS AND PREVENTION: Prognosis for those infected is good. This organism can be successfully treated with antibiotics such as ampicillin and ciprofloxacin (in severe cases). Fluids can be given to those individuals suffering from dehydration.[web.uconn.edu]
  • What Is the Prognosis? In most cases, Shigella infections run their course in 2 to 3 days.[healthychildren.org]
  • […] toxin (enterotoxin) "A" subunit inactivates 60S ribosome kills intestinal cells by inhibiting protein synthesis neurotoxic, cytotoxic, and enterotoxic produced by S. dysenteriae Associated conditions shigellosis (bacillary dysentery) reactive arthritis Prognosis[medbullets.com]
  • Prognosis Usually goes away within 5 to 7 days; hospitalization is rare. Treatment Usually not necessary, but antibiotics can shorten the illness.[verywell.com]

Etiology

  • Publications "Genome dynamics and diversity of Shigella species, the etiologic agents of bacillary dysentery."[uniprot.org]
  • Title Genome dynamics and diversity of Shigella species, the etiologic agents of bacillary dysentery. Journal Nucleic Acids Res 33:6445-58 (2005) DOI: 10.1093/nar/gki954[genome.jp]
  • Shigella was recognized as the etiologic agent for bacillary dysentery in the 1890's, and adopted as a genus in the 1950's and subgrouped into four species.[uniprot.org]

Epidemiology

  • However, this cannot be substantiated by epidemiological data because a detailed epidemiological investigation was not conducted. CONCLUSIONS: We have documented the first cluster of S. boydii infection in SA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prompt epidemiological investigation of clusters of S. boydii 20 infection may help identify specific vehicles and risk factors for infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Author information 1 1Field Epidemiology Services, National Infection Service, Public Health England, London, UK. 2 2UK Surgeon General Headquarters, DMS Whittington, Lichfield, Staffordshire, UK. 3 3Gastrointestinal Bacteria Reference Unit, Public Health[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Though these subgroups were of little numerical significance they are of considerable epidemiological interest.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Antimicrobial drug resistance pattern analysis has been widely applied in epidemiologic studies of Shigella through the years [ 23 ].[bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • The roles of breast-feeding, hand-washing and surveillance for enteric infections in the prevention of shigellosis in low risk settings such as a special care baby unit are highlighted.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] bacteriology, virology, and mycology, in a clear and succinct manner.The text includes morphological features and identification of each organism along with the pathogenesis of diseases, clinical manifestations, diagnostic laboratory tests, treatment, and prevention[books.google.de]
  • Washing produce can prevent transmission of the bacteria. Also cooking, will kill the bacteria. Research has given scientists reason to think that Shigella boydii is related to Escherichia coli.[whatarebacteria.com]
  • Banting Building, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0L2 3 Division of Bacterial Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA 4 Department of Microbiology, Rudman[jmm.microbiologyresearch.org]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!