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Skunk Cabbage Poisoning

Veratrum Californicum Poisoning


Presentation

  • Bruised leaves present a fragrance reminiscent of skunk. Description [ edit ] Symplocarpus foetidus leaves out in mid-spring after the flowers have bloomed.[en.wikipedia.org]
Swelling
  • Symplocarpus foetidus, in various forms and often combined with other plants, was used medicinally by Nnative Americans for a variety of ailments, including swellings, coughs, consumption, rheumatism, wounds, convulsions, cramps, hemorrhages, toothaches[efloras.org]
  • Symptoms include burning and swelling of lips, tongue, and throat; nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Toxic Principle: Calcium oxalate crystals and possibly others.[wildflower.org]
Falling
  • In early fall, when the seeds are ripe, the spadix is often found on the ground at the base of the leaves. Remove seeds from spadix. Seeds can not be stored.[wildflower.org]
  • They reproduce by hard, pea-sized seeds which fall in the mud and are carried away by animals or by floods. Uses [ edit ] In the 19th century the U.S.[en.wikipedia.org]
Cough
  • Symplocarpus foetidus, in various forms and often combined with other plants, was used medicinally by Nnative Americans for a variety of ailments, including swellings, coughs, consumption, rheumatism, wounds, convulsions, cramps, hemorrhages, toothaches[efloras.org]
Nausea
  • Symptoms include burning and swelling of lips, tongue, and throat; nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Toxic Principle: Calcium oxalate crystals and possibly others.[wildflower.org]
Diarrhea
  • Symptoms include burning and swelling of lips, tongue, and throat; nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Toxic Principle: Calcium oxalate crystals and possibly others.[wildflower.org]
Nausea
  • Symptoms include burning and swelling of lips, tongue, and throat; nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Toxic Principle: Calcium oxalate crystals and possibly others.[wildflower.org]
Vomiting
  • Symptoms include burning and swelling of lips, tongue, and throat; nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Toxic Principle: Calcium oxalate crystals and possibly others.[wildflower.org]
Toothache
  • Symplocarpus foetidus, in various forms and often combined with other plants, was used medicinally by Nnative Americans for a variety of ailments, including swellings, coughs, consumption, rheumatism, wounds, convulsions, cramps, hemorrhages, toothaches[efloras.org]
Suggestibility
  • Although insects are likely pollen vectors, wind tunnel observa tions of the inflorescence suggest a capacity also for wind pollination (S. Camazine and K. J. Niklas 1984).[efloras.org]
  • Some studies suggest that beyond allowing the plant to grow in icy soil, the heat it produces may help to spread its odor in the air. [3] Carrion-feeding insects that are attracted by the scent may be doubly encouraged to enter the spathe because it is[en.wikipedia.org]
Headache
  • Symplocarpus foetidus, in various forms and often combined with other plants, was used medicinally by Nnative Americans for a variety of ailments, including swellings, coughs, consumption, rheumatism, wounds, convulsions, cramps, hemorrhages, toothaches, and headaches[efloras.org]
Headache
  • Symplocarpus foetidus, in various forms and often combined with other plants, was used medicinally by Nnative Americans for a variety of ailments, including swellings, coughs, consumption, rheumatism, wounds, convulsions, cramps, hemorrhages, toothaches, and headaches[efloras.org]
Convulsions
  • Symplocarpus foetidus, in various forms and often combined with other plants, was used medicinally by Nnative Americans for a variety of ailments, including swellings, coughs, consumption, rheumatism, wounds, convulsions, cramps, hemorrhages, toothaches[efloras.org]
Burning Sensation
  • WARNING: contains calcium oxalate crystals; eating the raw plant causes an intense burning sensation in the mouth. Boiling does not remove this property - only thorough drying.[en.wikipedia.org]
Confusion
  • Do not confuse the young shoots with those of False Hellebore -veratrum viride. Peterson, Lee Allen (1977). Edible Wild Plants. Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 978-0-395-92622-2. Gallery [ edit ] Eastern skunk cabbage melting a hole through the snow.[en.wikipedia.org]

Treatment

  • Seed Treatment: Not Available Commercially Avail: yes National Wetland Indicator Status This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013.[wildflower.org]
  • Pharmacopoeia listed eastern skunk cabbage as the drug "dracontium". [ citation needed ] It was used in the treatment of respiratory diseases, nervous disorders, rheumatism, and dropsy. [ citation needed ] In North America and Europe, skunk cabbage is[en.wikipedia.org]

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