Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Spastic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy Type 2

Spastic Tetraplegia Cerebral Palsy


Presentation

  • Dysphagia, dysarthria, exotropia, nystagmus, seizures and brain atrophy with ventriculomegaly may be also present.[orpha.net]
  • Elsevier, ٢٢‏/١٠‏/٢٠١٣ - 146 من الصفحات Cerebral Palsy: A Clinical and Neuropathological Study is an account of a detailed study in which obstetrical, neonatal and neurological investigations on a large group of patients are presented with full neuropathological[books.google.com]
  • The clinical presentation is variable. The most severe presentation is of infantile acidosis, resulting in death by 6 months of age.[adc.bmj.com]
  • Symptoms can present themselves as early as three months but are generally seen before the child reaches two years of age.[en.wikipedia.org]
Pathologist
  • Speech and language pathologist. This professional can help your child speak more clearly or communicate in other ways. Special education teacher. This person has special training to help your child with learning.[marchofdimes.org]
  • The team is generally coordinated by one health care professional and may include pediatricians, physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians, orthopedic surgeons, physical and occupational therapists, ophthalmologists, speech/language pathologists[americanpregnancy.org]
Fishing
  • […] problems with balance, co-ordination and speech (ataxia) eye problems – such as damage to the retina (retinopathy) and damage to the optic nerve (optic neuropathy) dementia ichthyosis – a condition that causes widespread and persistent thick, dry, "fish-scale[nhs.uk]
  • During pregnancy, don’t eat fish with high levels of mercury, like swordfish, king mackerel, shark and tilefish. Your baby doesn't get enough oxygen in the womb.[marchofdimes.org]
Joint Deformity
  • Contracture can inhibit bone growth, cause bones to bend, and result in joint deformities, dislocation or partial dislocation. Malnutrition.[mayoclinic.org]
Psychomotor Retardation
  • Progressive Psychomotor Retardation This can include difficulties with walking, speech difficulties, and mental regression. Eventually this can lead to loss of all meaningful contact with the environment.[ulf.org]
  • retardation TANC1 Ptosis, congenital ZFHX4 Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy ALDH7A1 Pyruvate carboxylase deficiency PC Renpenning syndrome PQBP1 Rett syndrome preserved speech variant MECP2 Rigid spine muscular dystrophy SELENON Rippling muscle disease[centogene.com]
Quadriplegia
  • ORPHA:210141 Synonym(s): Inherited congenital spastic quadriplegia Prevalence: Inheritance: Autosomal recessive or Unknown Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal ICD-10: G11.4 OMIM: 603513 612900 617008 UMLS: - MeSH: - GARD: - MedDRA: - The documents contained[orpha.net]
  • […] palsy characterized by increased muscle tone of all four extremities quadriplegic infantile cerebral palsy spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy tetraplegic infantile cerebral palsy Inherited congenital spastic tetraplegia Inherited congenital spastic quadriplegia[wikidata.org]
  • Papillary or follicular thyroid carcinoma Pilomatrixoma Precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia Precursor T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 Spondylocarpotarsal synostosis Synonym(s): - Inherited congenital spastic quadriplegia[csbg.cnb.csic.es]
  • , unspecified Neurogenic bladder due to quadriplegia ; Paralytic syndrome of all four limbs as sequela of stroke; Quadriparesis; Quadriparesis or quadriplegia, late effect of stroke; Quadriplegia ; Quadriplegia and quadraparesis; Quadriplegia with neurogenic[icd10data.com]
  • […] to brain damage causing spastic quadriplegia.[en.wikipedia.org]
Spastic Quadriplegia
  • ORPHA:210141 Synonym(s): Inherited congenital spastic quadriplegia Prevalence: Inheritance: Autosomal recessive or Unknown Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal ICD-10: G11.4 OMIM: 603513 612900 617008 UMLS: - MeSH: - GARD: - MedDRA: - The documents contained[orpha.net]
  • quadriplegia edit English spastic quadriplegia type of spastic cerebral palsy characterized by increased muscle tone of all four extremities quadriplegic infantile cerebral palsy spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy tetraplegic infantile cerebral palsy[wikidata.org]
  • quadriplegia Classification (Orphanet): - Rare genetic disease - Rare neurologic disease Classification (ICD10): (no data available) Epidemiological data: Class of prevalence: Average age onset: neonatal/infancy Average age of death: - Type of inheritance[csbg.cnb.csic.es]
  • […] to brain damage causing spastic quadriplegia.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Children with disorders of urea cycle results in spastic quadriplegia. Some researches from Adelaide University strongly feel that the cerebral palsy is caused by hereditary genetic disorder more than the injury at the time of birth.[cerebralpalsytreating.com]
Steppage Gait
  • Examination revealed atrophy of the thenar and anterior tibial muscles bilaterally, with marked weakness of finger extension and both legs, and a spastic and steppage gait.[nejm.org]

Workup

  • It is divided into the following sections: Overview Differential Diagnoses & Workup Treatment & Medication Follow-up Multimedia[hspersunite.org.au]
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • carcinoma, childhood-onset Huntington disease Juvenile Huntington disease Papillary or follicular thyroid carcinoma Pilomatrixoma Precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia Precursor T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia Spinocerebellar ataxia type[csbg.cnb.csic.es]

Treatment

  • The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.[orpha.net]
  • Stay at the forefront of your field with updated treatment methods throughout, as well as an increased focus on patients with skin of color.[books.google.com]
  • Treatment Cerebral palsy can’t be cured, but treatment will often improve a child's capabilities.[childneurologyfoundation.org]
  • Treatment for complications will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how serious the condition is. Your child’s healthcare provider will discuss treatment choices with you.[urmc.rochester.edu]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis Cerebral palsy doesn’t always cause profound disabilities and for most people with CP the disorder does not affect life expectancy.[childneurologyfoundation.org]
  • Prognosis [ edit ] Although HSP is a progressive condition, the prognosis for individuals with HSP varies greatly. It primarily affects the legs although there can be some upperbody involvement in some individuals.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Prognosis: predicting symptoms and course of HSP As noted above, there is significant variation in HSP symptoms and their severity. This limits the certainty of making predictions.[rarediseases.org]
  • Firstly, some may be treatable; secondly, the family can be provided with more accurate information regarding the prognosis; and finally, genetic counselling may be offered, including, where appropriate, prenatal testing.[adc.bmj.com]
  • Prognosis [ 3 ] The more severe the child's physical, functional or cognitive impairment, the greater the possibility of difficulties with walking.[patient.info]

Etiology

  • Mutations of the aminoacyl-tRNA-synthetases SARS and WARS2 are implicated in the etiology of autosomal recessive intellectual disability . Hum Mutat. 2017 Jun;38(6):621-636.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]
  • Intrathecal synthesis of IgG antibodies to HTLV-I supports an etiological role for HTLV-I in tropical spastic paraparesis . Ann Neural 1988 ; 23:Suppl: S188 –S191. 11. Grimaldi LM, Roos RP, Devare SG, et al. .[nejm.org]
  • Although frequently requiring sedation, the brain MRI is often the best choice for imaging when looking for an etiology. Imaging around 18 months of age may provide the best yield.[medicalhomeportal.org]

Epidemiology

  • […] lymphoblastic leukemia Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 Spondylocarpotarsal synostosis Synonym(s): - Inherited congenital spastic quadriplegia Classification (Orphanet): - Rare genetic disease - Rare neurologic disease Classification (ICD10): (no data available) Epidemiological[csbg.cnb.csic.es]
  • Relevant External Links for GAD1 Genetic Association Database (GAD) GAD1 Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator GAD1 Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology: GAD1 No data available for Genatlas for GAD1 Gene Two human glutamate[genecards.org]
  • Cite Export Link to record Permanent link Direct link Sjögren-Larsson syndrome in Sweden: an epidemiological, genetic, clinical and biochemical study 1981 (English) Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic) Abstract [en] The Sjögren-Larsson[diva-portal.org]
  • Epidemiological, clinical, and genetic landscapes of hypomyelinating leukodystrophies. J Neurol. 2014;261(4):752-8. Hobson GM, Kamholz J. PLP1-Related Disorders. In: Pagon RA, Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Bird TD, Dolan CR, Fong CT, et al., editors.[plaza.umin.ac.jp]
  • Epidemiology Cerebral palsy is a relatively uncommon condition. Pooled data from five active cerebral palsy registers in the UK suggest a mean annual prevalence rate for normal birth-weight children of 1.2 per 1,000 live births.[patient.info]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology and emerging therapeutic strategies in Pelizaeus–Merzbacher disease. Expert Opinion on Orphan Drugs. 2015;3(12):1447-59. Inoue K.[plaza.umin.ac.jp]
  • Pathophysiology [ edit ] The major feature of HSP is a length dependent axonal degeneration. [21] These include the crossed and uncrossed corticospinal tracts to the legs and fasciculus gracilis.[en.wikipedia.org]

Prevention

  • Can cerebral palsy be prevented? In many cases, the cause of cerebral palsy is not known, so there is nothing that can be done to prevent it.[americanpregnancy.org]
  • It can be prevented with a vaccine. Chickenpox (varicella). Chickenpox is a contagious viral infection that causes itching and rashes, and it can cause pregnancy complications. It too can be prevented with a vaccine. Cytomegalovirus.[mayoclinic.org]
  • How can I help prevent CP in my child? Because healthcare providers don’t know fully what causes congenital CP, little can be done to prevent it. CP related to gene problems can’t be prevented.[urmc.rochester.edu]
  • Treating hereditary spastic paraplegia It isn't possible to prevent, slow or reverse hereditary spastic paraplegia, but some of the symptoms can be managed so that day-to-day activities become easier.[nhs.uk]
  • Nonsurgical interventions may include: Rehabilitation Positioning aids (used to help the child sit, lie, or stand) Braces and splints (used to prevent deformity and to provide support or protection) Medications (used to help control seizures or to decrease[stanfordchildrens.org]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!