Edit concept Create issue ticket

Spinal Cord Concussion

Concussions Cord Spinal


Presentation

  • Thirteen cases are presented. A variety of clinical presentations may occur, all of which can be explained on the basis of the magnitude or direction of acceleration of the spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A brief discussion of both OI and spinal cord concussion is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The clinical and radiological features of 19 SCC injuries in the general population are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The authors present the case of a professional ice hockey player, without evidence of canal compromise, who sustained an SCC during a regulation game after being struck by a puck in the upper cervical spine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Insect Bite
  • .- ) • effects of foreign body in stomach, small intestine and colon ( T18.2-T18.4 ) • frostbite ( T33-T34 ) • insect bite or sting, venomous ( T63.4 ) S34 Injury of lumbar and sacral spinal cord and nerves at abdomen, lower back and pelvis level Code[coding-pro.com]
  • bite or sting, venomous ( T63.4 ) Injuries to the neck S14 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S14 Injury of nerves and spinal cord at neck level 2016 2017 2018 2019 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code Code Also any associated: fracture of cervical vertebra ( S12.0-[icd10data.com]
Back Pain
  • After the massage, the patient felt severe upper back pain and bilateral dysesthesia, which did not improve following the ingestion of painkillers. Therefore, she was transported to our department by ambulance after one hour.[musculoskeletalkey.com]
  • The damaged disc can put pressure on the spinal nerves, potentially causing back pain or symptoms like numbness, tingling, or weakness in one of the arms or legs. Spinal fractures are also a common injury among wrestlers.[michaelgleibermd.com]
  • However, less than 0.1% of people with back pain who visit their general practitioner have spinal metastases [ 3 ] .[patient.info]
  • Non-Traumatic Conditions Low Back Pain (LBP) Causes tumor prolapsed disk bursitis degenerative joint disease problems with spinal mobility inflammation caused by infection fractures ligament strains 50.[slideshare.net]
Flaccid Paralysis
  • Flaccid paralysis gradually changes over hours or days to spastic paralysis with increased deep tendon reflexes due to loss of descending inhibition.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Spinal cord injuries that cause neurologic shock generally produce: flaccid paralysis and complete loss of sedation distal to the injury.[quizlet.com]
  • Neurogenic Shock Presentation Flaccid paralysis distal to injury site Loss of autonomic function hypotension or relative hypotension vasodilation loss of bladder and bowel control priapism loss of thermoregulation warm, pink, dry below injury site relative[slideshare.net]
  • Flaccid paralysis, including of the bowel and bladder, is observed, and sometimes sustained priapism develops.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Localized Numbness
  • Localized numbness or tingling. Difficulty coordinating movements. Difficulty speaking. Problems with attention. A contusion often occurs after a fall, or a blow with a sharp object.[spinalcord.com]
Urinary Retention
  • One patient had perianal and genital sensory deficit and one (4.2%) had urinary retention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Presentation [ edit ] CCS is characterized by disproportionately greater motor impairment in upper compared to lower extremities, and variable degree of sensory loss below the level of injury in combination with bladder dysfunction and urinary retention[en.wikipedia.org]
  • The latter can lead to neurogenic shock, paralytic ileus, aspiration, urinary retention, priapism and loss of thermoregulation. Clinical features depend upon the extent and rate of development of cord compression.[patient.info]

Workup

  • In more serious cases, further diagnostic workup maybe warranted.[nursing.advanceweb.com]
  • […] fracture; can be used when plain radiography is inadequate or fails to visualize segments of the axial skeleton Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - Used for suspected spinal cord lesions, ligamentous injuries, and other soft-tissue injuries or pathology See Workup[emedicine.medscape.com]

Treatment

  • Immediate treatment can reduce long-term effects. Treatments may include medicines, braces or traction to stabilize the spine, and surgery. Later treatment usually includes medicines and rehabilitation therapy.[icdlist.com]
  • If there is a brain bleed or other serious symptom, this might require surgical treatment. Prognosis for Concussions Most people make a full recovery from a concussion, even without medical treatment.[spinalcord.com]
  • ", keywords "Cervical stenosis, Neurapraxia, Return to play, Spinal cord concussion, Surgical treatment, Systematic review", author "Narihito Nagoshi and Lindsay Tetreault and Hiroaki Nakashima and Aria Nouri and Fehlings, {Michael G.[keio.pure.elsevier.com]
  • Return to Full Functioning after Graded Exercise Assessment and Progressive Exercise Treatment of Postconcussion Syndrome. Rehabilitation Research and Practice. 2012;2012:1–7. 6.[dcorthoacademy.org]
  • Early detection and treatment based on neurological status, age and estimated survival are crucial with all treatment modalities.[patient.info]

Prognosis

  • The patient diagnosed with spinal cord concussion has a good prognosis, with rehabilitation as the main therapeutic approach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Nagoshi et al. reviews four major questions that affect patient prognosis after SCC.[dcorthoacademy.org]
  • Prognosis for Concussions Most people make a full recovery from a concussion, even without medical treatment.[spinalcord.com]
  • Prognosis The spinal cord has very limited powers of regeneration. Prognosis for neurological deficit depends on the magnitude of the spinal cord damage present at the onset.[patient.info]

Etiology

  • Etiology See Table 27-8 .[unboundmedicine.com]
  • "Traumatic Central Cord Syndrome: Etiology, Management, and Outcomes" . Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation . 15 (3): 73–84. doi : 10.1310/sci1503-73 . Archived from the original on 2012-07-16.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Motor and sensory loss may be permanent or temporary, depending on the etiology; function may be lost briefly due to concussion or more lastingly due to a contusion or laceration.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Wilder BL : Hypothesis: The etiology of midcervical quadriplegia after operation with patient in the sitting position. Neurosurgery 1982; 11 : 530 -531. 7.[neurologyindia.com]

Epidemiology

  • He has since completed further training in emergency medicine, clinical toxicology, clinical epidemiology and health professional education.[lifeinthefastlane.com]
  • Epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury. Kirshblum S, Campagnolo DI, DeLisa JA, eds. Spinal Cord Medicine . Baltimore, Md: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002. 69-81. Go BK, DeVivo MJ, Richards JS. The epidemiology of spinal cord injury.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The pathophysiology of SCC has been related to underlying spinal canal stenosis in many cases, yet is not always identified.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Riluzole acts on the sodium channels in cells, helping to prevent the accumulation of excess sodium in cells that results as a part of the flow of post-injury pathophysiological events after spinal cord injury.[onf.org]
  • "Central cord injury: pathophysiology, management, and outcomes". The Spine Journal . 6 (6 Suppl. 1): 198S–206S. doi : 10.1016/j.spinee.2006.04.006 . PMID 17097539 . a b c Nowak, Douglas D.; Joseph K. Lee; Daniel E. Gelb; Kornelis A.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • […] canal diameter is already compromised by spondylosis has a high risk of cord injury Excessive anterior buckling of ligamentum flavum into canal, already compromised by posterior vertebral body osteophytes, probably is the cause of central cord syndrome Pathophysiologic[orthopaedicsone.com]
  • A complex cascade of pathophysiologic events related to free radicals, vasogenic edema, and altered blood flow accounts for this clinical deterioration.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to a device for preventing neck injury, spinal cord injury and concussion.[google.ch]
  • Tackling education is the key to preventing spinal cord concussions and other serious SCIs that can deprive victims of their mobility.[mwkfirm.com]
  • There are four areas that an athlete can focus on to prevent a serious neck injury.[sportsmd.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!