Edit concept Question Editor Create issue ticket

Spinal Cord Tumor of Foramen Magnum


Presentation

  • Also presented were the results of a multicentered study on spinal tumors, ascertained in cooperation with 43 German and Austrian neurosurgical clinics.[books.google.com]
Pallor
  • On physical examination: Mild pallor on conjunctiva, distended abdomen, soft, non-tender, no shifting dullness, no visceromegaly were found Nervous system: generalized hypotonia and arreflexia, power 0/5 proximal and distally on four limbs, sensory level[ispub.com]
Rigor
Episodic Weakness
  • Vascular symptoms include syncope, vertigo, drop attacks, intermittent periods of confusion and altered consciousness, episodic weakness, and transient visual disturbance that may be provoked by moving or by changing head position.[ispub.com]
Renal Artery Stenosis
  • "Renovascular hypertension due to renal artery stenosis in Klippel-Feil" Electron J Biomed (ISSN: 1697-090)2003;1(2):21-29 2. Tassanawipas A,Mokkhavesa S, Chatchavong S, Worawittayawong P.[ispub.com]
Hiccup
  • Her postoperative recovery was uneventful, with the exception of hiccups which persisted for a few days. Pathology report of the surgical specimen was “Grade I meningioma”.[elynsgroup.com]
  • Side effects Headache, dizziness, nausea, flatulence and hiccup. Irritation in the mouth and esophagus using chewing gum/ lozenges/inhalator Skin irritations while using patches.[oncolex.org]
Failure to Thrive
  • […] to thrive, weakness, basilar migraine, dysphagia, sleep apnea, scoliosis, and the cervical central cord syndrome.[ispub.com]
Torticollis
  • Torticollis was seen in the very young. Unexplained neurological symptoms and signs associated with craniovertebral abnormalities in children require angiography.[ispub.com]
Upper Limb Weakness
  • Figure 26 (A-C): Miscellaneous: Hirayama's disease: 15-year-old male had a history of progressive left upper limb weakness and wasting since 6 months.[ijri.org]
Short Neck
  • Skull-base softening associated with some of these syndromes results in acquired basilar invagination or basilar impression (protrusion of the odontoid process into the foramen magnum leading to a short neck and combinations of cerebellar, brain stem,[ispub.com]
Drop Attacks
  • Vascular symptoms include syncope, vertigo, drop attacks, intermittent periods of confusion and altered consciousness, episodic weakness, and transient visual disturbance that may be provoked by moving or by changing head position.[ispub.com]
Sexual Dysfunction
  • Expert contributors from multiple disciplines cover topics ranging from acute medical and surgical management of specific problems to cutting-edge research, bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction, neurologic and musculoskeletal issues, advanced rehabilitation[books.google.com]
  • Sexual dysfunction may also occur in association with loss of sphincter control.[neurospinewi.com]
  • Sexual dysfunction Male sacral reflex arc (S 2,3,4) interference Similar care as discussed with SCI 108 Nursing Problems/Interventions 6. Urinary retention Reflex arc (S2,3,4) interference can cause neurogenic bladder as discussed with SCI 7.[slideplayer.com]

Workup

  • Angiography is not routinely included in the preoperative workup of FM meningiomas.[clinicalgate.com]
  • Treatment After diagnostic workup, spinal cord edema (swelling) should be managed preoperatively with oral or IV steroids. Edema is most commonly managed with a corticosteroid such as Decadron (dexamethasone).[neurospinewi.com]
  • The epidemiology, clinical presentation and workup, surgical anatomy and approach to resection or radiosurgical treatment, as well as the surgical outcomes and complications are reviewed in detail.[jcvjs.com]
  • Any adult who has a recent onset of seizures, particularly focal seizures, is considered a tumor suspect until adequate neurologic workup proves otherwise. Specific Tumor Types There are many types of tumors that develop intracranially.[dartmouth.edu]
Brain Edema
  • Leading authorities in the field presented interesting papers on topics such as the therapy of vasculogenetic brain edema, the determination of neurotransmitters in brain tumors, results of cerebral blood flow measurement, and im proved operative techniques[books.google.com]
  • Patients with the following risk factors affecting the value of TCD were excluded: previous chronic diseases of vital organs, postoperative complications such as marked intracerebral/subarachnoid hemorrhage and brain edema/ischemia due to iatrogenic surgical[journals.plos.org]
Visceromegaly
  • On physical examination: Mild pallor on conjunctiva, distended abdomen, soft, non-tender, no shifting dullness, no visceromegaly were found Nervous system: generalized hypotonia and arreflexia, power 0/5 proximal and distally on four limbs, sensory level[ispub.com]

Treatment

  • The advances in the treatment of solid tumors have contributed significantly to the major increase in metastatic cancers to the brain.[books.google.com]
  • For some patients, stereotactic radiosurgery may be used as the primary treatment modality. We evaluatedthe long-term outcome of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for the treatment of patientswith a foramen magnum meningioma.[jcvjs.com]
  • Surgical Treatment of Chiari Malformation Chiari Malformation Treatment Options Chiari Malformation Symptoms[princetonbrainandspine.com]
  • Sometimes, such treatments improve the fatigue, but other times they do not. Examples of treatment that often reduce fatigue are treatment for infections and depression.[oncolex.org]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis of Meningioma of the Spinal Cord Benign meningiomas are associated with a very good survival prognosis with approximately 100% 5 year survival.[myvmc.com]
  • Histological pattern and the patient's age at symptom onset were not factors that influenced prognosis in cases of chordoma.[ispub.com]
  • This study also showed that benign extramedullary tumours with an excellent prognosis are far more frequent than the malignant extramedullary tumours.[jpma.org.pk]
  • Tumors of the skull base were at one time linked to a poor prognosis.[neurosurgeonsofnewjersey.com]
  • Benali 1 & Corresponding author Farouk Hajhouji, Department of Neurosurgery, Mohammed the sixth University Hospital, Marrakesh, Morocco Abstract Our study is a retrospective analysis of the clinical data, surgical outcomes, histological finding and prognosis[panafrican-med-journal.com]

Etiology

  • Their patient was a child who presented at four months of age with hydrocephalus of undetermined etiology. A shunt was inserted and the symptoms resolved.[annsaudimed.net]
  • Meningiomas 371 Orbitosphenoid Meningiomas 379 Cavernous Sinus Meningiomas Conservative Surgical Management 389 Preoperative Embolization of Meningiomas 89 Neuroophthalmic Evaluations in Patients with Meningiomas 101 Meningioma Tumorigenesis An Overview of Etiologic[books.google.de]
  • […] tumor of the surgical site following foramen magnum meningioma resection in a patient with Gardner's Syndrome: a case report and review of the literature. ( 18726556 ) Kenning T.J....Deshaies E.M. 2009 24 Foramen magnum meningioma: Dysphagia of atypical etiology[malacards.org]
  • […] most common cause Other: falls, violence, sport injuries SCI typically occurs from indirect injury from vertebral bones compressing cord SCI frequently occur with head injuries Cord injury may be caused by direct trauma from knives, bullets, etc 14 Etiology[slideplayer.com]
  • Neurofibromas are benign tumors of the nerve sheath that typically arise from the posterior root; when multiple, neurofibromatosis is the likely etiology.[clinicalgate.com]

Epidemiology

  • Spinal Meningiomas Epidemiology Intradural extramedullary spinal cord tumors account for approximately two-thirds of all spinal cord tumors in adults [ 6 ].[omicsonline.org]
  • The epidemiology, clinical presentation and workup, surgical anatomy and approach to resection or radiosurgical treatment, as well as the surgical outcomes and complications are reviewed in detail.[jcvjs.com]
  • Available data regarding epidemiology are limited and they are less common than the intracranial tumors (about 1:10). In most series, the average age at diagnosis is 40 years, ranging between 11 days & 74 years. Both sexes are equally involved.[thamburaj.com]
  • Epidemiology They represent 2% of all meningiomas 1) Classification Petroclival and foramen magnum meningiomas are classified according to their tumor Equivalent Diameter.[operativeneurosurgery.com]
  • The epidemiology of vasospasm in children with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury. Critical care medicine. 2015;43(3):674–85. pmid:25479116. View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 3. Bejjani GK, Sekhar LN, Yost AM, Bank WO, Wright DC.[journals.plos.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Etiology and Pathophysiology: Spinal cord tumors can be primary or metastatic.[neurospinewi.com]
  • Pathophysiology of persistent syringomyelia after decompressive craniocervical surgery. Clinical article. J Neurosurg Spine. 2010; 13 :729-42 35. Spena G, Bernucci C, Garbossa D. et al.[medsci.org]
  • The pathophysiological mechanisms for the decreasing incidence of vasospasm with young age is not well understood.[journals.plos.org]
  • Presentation on theme: "Spinal Cord Injury Herniated Disc Spinal Cord Tumors"— Presentation transcript: 1 Spinal Cord Injury Herniated Disc Spinal Cord Tumors 2 Pathophysiology Normal Spinal Cord Spinal cord begins at the foramen magnum in the cranium[slideplayer.com]
  • Pathophysiology: D7 osteoblastoma The tumors can cause symptoms due to compression of the cord and interrupting the cord's blood supply. Initially, the veins get compressed, resulting in congestion and edema.[thamburaj.com]

Prevention

  • Constipation As a result of bed rest and decreased mobility and fear of pain with straining of stool Constipation prevention methods– fluids, diet, etc 96 4.[slideplayer.com]
  • Is chronic lung disease in low birth weight infants preventable? A survey of eight centers. ‎ Página 84 - Tanner JM, Whitehouse RH, Marubini E, Resele LF. The adolescent growth spurt of boys and girls of the Harpenden growth study. ‎[books.google.es]
  • Although there was no neurological deficit, we removed the masses to prevent deterioration and to promote cosmetic effect.[nature.com]
  • .: Prevention of hip fracture in elderly people with use of a hip protector. ‎[books.google.de]
  • […] visualization of the third ventricle Decompression of a ventricle Craniosynostosis Congenital deformity of the skull that results from premature closure of one or more of the cranial sutures of the skull To separate the involved bones and treating to prevent[quizlet.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!