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Sports Anemia

Hemoglobinuria March


Presentation

  • Collection includes both citations and many full-text, downloadable documents from mid-1900s to present. AULIMP - Air University Library Index to Military Periodicals.[dtic.mil]
  • The present study was made to further study the iron metabolism in runners as the proposed cause of "sports anemia" is abstruse considering the good iron nutrition in these athletes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The international contributors to this book present you with global "best practices" from world leaders in the field.[books.google.com]
  • However, long-term sports anemia is present in some elite endurance athletes.2 The major problem with the sports anemia is that it is a misnomer. For one, as described above, it is not a true anemia .[gustrength.com]
  • Urine abnormalities were present in 29 (64%) of 45, RU was present in nine (20%; Figure 1 ), microhematuria and/or proteinuria (M/PU) was present in 20 (44%), and normal urine was present in 16 (35%). Figure 1.[doi.org]
Chest Discomfort
  • You may have other symptoms, too, such as an elevated heart rate at lower than normal exertion, chest discomfort, shortness of breath or dizziness.[parrilloperformance.com]
Camping
  • ., Douglas McKeag, and Camp Steven P. Van. Manual of Sports Medicine . Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven, 1998. 2. Fink, Heather Hedrick., Lisa A. Burgoon, and Alan E. Mikesky. Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition.[gustrength.com]
Increased Energy
  • However, recreational athletes and active clients need to monitor iron status as they increase energy expenditure and exercise intensity, and they should increase caloric intake to provide adequate foodstuffs and minerals (such as iron) for optimal physical[ideafit.com]
Military Personnel
  • Prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia among three populations of female military personnel in the US Army. J Am Coll Nutr. 2006;25:64–9. View Article PubMed Google Scholar Merkel D, Moran DS, Yanovich R, et al.[sportsmedicine-open.springeropen.com]
Ulcer
  • I’m experiencing amenorrhea, but have no blood in my stool or pain that may indicate an ulcer. Thus far through discussion with my doctor, the cause of my anemia is unknown.[runnersworld.com]
  • This bleeding can stem from a variety of causes, from ulcers to more serious disorders. Sports Anemia Some endurance athletes experience sports anemia, a physiological change that results from the body adapting to heavy endurance training.[parrilloperformance.com]
  • In men and in postmenopausal women, our first thought is bleeding somewhere in the gastrointestinal tract, which could be caused by a peptic ulcer, hemorrhoids, or colon cancer, among other conditions.[nj.com]
  • ., peptic ulcers). This type of Anemia can also be developed through the insufficient intake of iron, which can typically be normalized through iron supplements.[fuelary.com]
Fear
  • Most premenopausal women can eat red meat, the best source of nutritional iron, without fear of raising their cholesterol levels.[articles.orlandosentinel.com]
  • The fear of gaining weight or the desire to lose weight leads women to practice cardio-based activities and notably cardio-based fitness classes.[jscimedcentral.com]
Forgetful
  • The reality is when the wheels come off and people get stressed out they start forgetting about the little things and stuff like this can be missed."[cbc.ca]
Amenorrhea
  • If you are of childbearing age with amenorrhea, you need to find out why you are not having periods. A common cause of amenorrhea in runners is inadequate dietary energy intake or low energy balance.[runnersworld.com]
  • : It has also been hypothesized that chronic elevations in 5-HT concentration, which may occur in athletes maintaining high-volume training, explains some of the reported signs and symptoms of the overtraining syndrome: postural hypotension, anemia, amenorrhea[bikeforums.net]
Red Urine
  • The symptoms are fever and chills, sometimes with back pain and pink or red urine ( hemoglobinuria ). This may result in hemoglobinuria.[diki.pl]
Dark Urine
  • All our haemoglobinuric patients had dark urine at admission. Although we cannot exclude concomitant myoglobinuria, previous studies have reported that dark urine is generally the result of intravascular haemolysis[ 22 ].[malariajournal.biomedcentral.com]
Renal Injury
  • He had no previous history of renal disease, and 1 mo after the episode, his creatinine was 0.88 mg/dl, confirming that he developed postdrumming acute renal injury. Published online ahead of print. Publication date available at www.cjasn.org.[doi.org]

Workup

  • They have good workups out there. I also like WellnessFX for their lab panels. They are VERY thorough. Not sure about getting them paid by insurance though... Originally Posted by bigrider Teh Lounge- "Its not just for weirdos anymore.[forums.roadbikereview.com]
  • First, although screening tests were inexpensive, diagnostic workups for non-iron-deficient anemia cases were fiscally substantial.[sportsmedicine-open.springeropen.com]

Treatment

  • In general, sports anemia has been found to be a self-limiting condition and usually does not require treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • For instance, a distance runner may have a harmless case of hemodilution, which requires no treatment, coupled with iron deficiency anemia. The only treatment for true anemia is iron supplementation, often with iron pills prescribed by a physician.[articles.orlandosentinel.com]
  • For instance, a distance runner may have a harmless case of hemodilution, which requires no treatment, coupled with iron-deficiency anemia. The only treatment for true anemia is iron supplementation, often with iron pills prescribed by a physician.[articles.latimes.com]
  • Demonstrates the mechanism of injury and its treatment with exquisite illustrations. Contains boxes and tables to give you immediate access to key information. Incorporates coverage of adolescent sports medicine from Dr Lyle S.[books.google.com]
  • While true anemia requires treatment, the temporary reduced red blood cell count seen early in training goes away by itself after a time.[innvista.com]

Prognosis

  • This topic review will discuss the treatment and prognosis of PNH. The pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of PNH are presented separately.[uptodate.com]
  • Although a rare cause of a rare condition, PNH can be diagnosed with a single blood test and has a poor prognosis if untreated. However therapy with the anti-complement drug, eculizumab, is very effective treatment.[acnr.co.uk]
  • Prognosis This depends upon severity of symptoms and complications. The abnormal clone responsible for the disease may die out but this usually takes at least five years and may take 15-20 years. Acute infection can reactivate the clone.[patient.info]
  • New and better methods for the diagnosis and treatment of PNH have improved the prognosis for this population ( 15 ).[tidsskriftet.no]

Etiology

  • Attempts to classify the condition and to study its incidence and etiology are complicated by the lack of a precise definition.[foodnutritionforum.com]

Epidemiology

  • Australia antigen bilirubin blood boxers brain damage cardiac cardiovascular cause cavum septi pellucidi cent cerebral chronic clinical competitions Comrades Marathon defect dementia diagnosis dilatation disk disease diving electrocardiogram encephalography epidemiological[books.google.de]
  • The article aimed to obtain data of the epidemiological profile of the patients with diagnosis of OA treated at the UEAFTO (Brazilian abbreviation for Unit of Education and Assistance on Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy), in order to provide benefits[jscimedcentral.com]
  • Epidemiology This is a haematopoietic stem cell mutation defect of the PIGA gene in the X chromosome [ 2 ]. It is not familial and sex distribution is equal. It is rare but may be slightly less rare in Southeast Asian communities.[patient.info]
  • View Article PubMed Google Scholar Ademowo OG, Falusi AG: Molecular epidemiology and activity of erythrocyte G6PD variants in a homogeneous Nigerian population. East Afr Med J. 2002, 79: 42-44.[malariajournal.biomedcentral.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The pathophysiology of thrombophilia in PNH is not fully understood, but the increased incidence during hemolytic episodes suggest a direct relationship with the hemolytic process.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • The pathophysiology of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria and treatment with eculizumab. Ther Clin Risk Manag 2009; 5: 911-21. Hillmen P, Lewis SM, Bessler M et al. Natural history of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.[acnr.co.uk]
  • View Article PubMed Google Scholar Newton CR, Taylor TE, Whitten RO: Pathophysiology of fatal falciparum malaria in African children. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1998, 58: 673-683.[malariajournal.biomedcentral.com]

Prevention

  • Here are the key factors that differentiate sports anemia from true anemia and some prevention and treatment tips for both conditions that athletes may suffer from.[fergon.com]
  • Your body prevents that problem by storing extra water in the bloodstream. Another condition known as sports anemia is iron deficiency anemia.[articles.orlandosentinel.com]
  • Prevention Eating a healthy diet with foods rich in iron is a good way to help maintain normal iron stores in the body.[sportsmedtoday.com]
  • Once diagnosed, the condition should does not need to be treated or prevented, as it is a beneficial and normal response to exercise.1 References 1. Safran, Marc R., Douglas McKeag, and Camp Steven P. Van. Manual of Sports Medicine .[gustrength.com]

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