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Staphylococcus Epidermidis


Presentation

  • Infections present a major complication of cranioplasty procedures and in many cases removal of the implant material becomes a necessity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We describe the history and clinical presentation of a 77-year-old man in whom a high-grade posttraumatic endophthalmitis resolved only after the removal of a single nylon corneal suture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A low threshold for the consideration of infectious osteomyelitis is warranted in persons presenting with new, progressive back pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Six patients presented with inflammatory signs, such as wound drainage, pyrexia, erythema, and elevated C-reactive protein.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a 49-y-old male, with a history of Marfan's disease and aortic and mitral valve replacement surgery, who was operated for a type III thoracoabdominal aneurysm.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Strabismus
  • However, endophthalmitis following strabismus surgery is extremely rare, with an estimated incidence of 1:3500 to 1:185,000.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Otalgia
  • Between April 1994 and May 1998 persistent otalgia occurred, with progressive mixed hearing losses, purulent discharge from both ears, spontaneous perforations of the tympanic membranes and ulceration of canal wall skin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • UTIs caused by S. epidermidis in a previously healthy child should not be disregarded as a contaminant and further workup for urinary tract abnormality is indicated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Conclusion: UTIs caused by S. epidermidis in a previously healthy child should not be disregarded as a contaminant and further workup for urinary tract abnormality is indicated.[jabfm.org]
Nephrolithiasis
  • This report describes a 60-year-old patient with bilateral nephrolithiasis. A catalase-negative Staphylococcus epidermidis strain was recovered from both urine and blood cultures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Trichophyton Rubrum
  • Cultures of a skin specimen grew Staphylococcus epidermidis and Trichophyton rubrum. Antibiotic therapy was effective but failed to eliminate the lesion until antifungal therapy using terbinafine was administered concurrently.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
HLA-B27
  • The clinical pictures, the instrumental and biochemical findings, in particular the positivity of HLA B27, allow us to set this case in the complex and heterogeneous chapter of reactive arthritis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Riboflavin was added to the pool which was then split into two bags: one for UV treatment and the second was untreated. Bacterial counts were determined before and after treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Subsequent treatment of LZD successfully reduced the cell count and protein in CSF. LZD may be a treatment option for neonates and infants for drain-associated meningitis caused by MRSE.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Tedizolid is not approved, and there are no reports of long-term treatment, but it may display better tolerability and fewer adverse effects than linezolid; it thus could be a possible treatment option for PJIs, alone or in combination with rifampicin[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Univariate logistic regression models were used to determine the influence of biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance on treatment outcome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This likely reflected the presence of olecranon osteomyelitis (seen on MRI scans) in addition to inadequate treatment with this antibiotic in the setting of a polymicrobial infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Hence, we determined the ETT microbial consortium co-colonizing with S. epidermidis or P. aeruginosa to understand its importance in the development of VAP and for patient prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • Genomic fingerprinting of 19 staphylococcal isolates from the cerebrospinal fluid, blood, catheter and skull biopsy was necessary to establish the etiologic diagnosis and to guide medical and surgical therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Candida species and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are common etiologies of hospital acquired bloodstream infection in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The etiology is unclear, although overgrowth of Malassezia on the skin has been suggested to cause SD. This study investigated whether colonization with Staphylococcus plays a role in facial SD, which was not well addressed previously.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We therefore conclude that yet-uncultured bacteria do not play an etiologic role in acne.[doi.org]
  • This situation is particularly serious in the case of S. epidermidis , an etiological agent of several nosocomial infections (bacteremia, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, peritonitis, postoperative cardiac infections, urinary-tract infections), and which[scielo.br]

Epidemiology

  • DNA macro-restriction analysis with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was helpful in the epidemiological investigation of this S. epidermidis chronic bacteraemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We aimed to describe the molecular epidemiology of S. epidermidis colonizing the gut of neonates hospitalized in two neonatal intensive care units.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Changes in S. epidermidis epidemiology may warrant alterations in the inclusion of SNPs. We believe this method can reduce the threshold for performing genotyping analysis on an increasingly important nosocomial pathogen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This study describes the molecular epidemiology of an outbreak of vancomycin-heteroresistant (hV) Staphylococcus epidermidis central-line-associated BSI (CLABSI) in a single tertiary care NICU and compares it to a second tertiary care NICU that had not[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This review reports epidemiological studies of implant infections caused by S. aureus and S. epidermidis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The current accepted pathophysiological mechanism of S. epidermidis orthopedic device infection is the direct inoculation of skin colonizing strains at the time of surgery [2] – [4] .[journals.plos.org]
  • Crossref, Medline, CAS, Google Scholar 92 Yao Y, Sturdevant DE, Otto M: Genomewide analysis of gene expression in Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms: insights into the pathophysiology of S. epidermidis biofilms and the role of phenol-soluble modulins[doi.org]
  • Genomewide analysis of gene expression in Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms: insights into the pathophysiology of S. epidermidis biofilms and the role of phenol-soluble modulins in formation of biofilms. J. Infect. Dis. 191, 289–298 (2005).[doi.org]

Prevention

  • Electronic address: 18652573106@163.com. 3 Jiangsu Key Lab of Zoonosis/Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Preventing gut colonization with nosocomial epidemic S. epidermidis in hospitalized neonates could contribute to the prevention of LOS. 2016 APMIS. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Crucial concerns focus on inhibiting biofilm formation by antibiotic‑resistant bacteria, and preventing scar formation by fibroblastic hyperproliferation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The susceptibility of biofilms with prevented or induced dormancy to antibiotics was evaluated by enumeration of viable and cultivable cells, and confocal microscopy. RESULTS: Dormancy was observed in the majority of tested strains.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Author information 1 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Farmaco Street, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia. t.nuryastuti@ugm.ac.id. 2 Department of Preventive Dentistry, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, University[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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